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69 votes
Accepted

Why does sort say that ɛ = e?

No, it doesn't consider them as equivalent, they just have the same primary weight. So that, in first approximation, they sort the same. If you look at /usr/share/i18n/locales/iso14651_t1_common (as ...
Stéphane Chazelas's user avatar
51 votes
Accepted

Which is the current decimal separator?

Ask locale: locale decimal_point This will output the decimal point using the current locale settings. If you need the thousands separator: locale thousands_sep You can view all the numeric keywords ...
Stephen Kitt's user avatar
48 votes
Accepted

What is the difference between LANG=C and LC_ALL=C?

LANG sets the default locale, i.e. the locale used when no more specific setting (LC_COLLATE, LC_NUMERIC, LC_TIME etc.) is provided; it doesn’t override any setting, it provides the base value. LC_ALL ...
Stephen Kitt's user avatar
38 votes

Problem of Can't set locale; make sure $LC_* and $LANG are correct!

The top-rated solution didn't help in my case, so I used this one: export LC_ALL="en_US.UTF-8" sudo dpkg-reconfigure locales After that, I logged out and logged in and error was missing.
ssasa's user avatar
  • 581
28 votes

When I'm typing a text in English, it gets underlined and behaves bizarrely

I also had this same issue (Arch XFCE). Basically what happens is it switches input methods whenever you press Shift+Space, which frequently accidentally happens when typing. To fix this, you have to ...
AHE's user avatar
  • 281
21 votes
Accepted

How can I make “ls” show dotfiles first while staying case-insensitive?

OP was very close with editing /usr/share/i18n/locales/iso14651_t1_common, but the trick is not to delete the line <U002E> IGNORE;IGNORE;IGNORE;<U002E> # 47 . but rather to modify it to ...
beandip's user avatar
  • 511
18 votes
Accepted

Is "warning: range of the form `[o-b]' is locale dependent" a bug in gawk 4.1.0?

This is a bug in Gawk 4.1.0 specifically. It was introduced by a7c502a756732ec9a1773d6169376bb7b25f4308 and fixed by d52d17b46e53bb0d4a991cd32f859eb349d3b101. The bug was first released in 4.1.0 and ...
Gilles 'SO- stop being evil''s user avatar
17 votes
Accepted

Debian 9: How to set English language with German Locale?

en_DE doesn’t exist as a default locale, so you can’t select English localised for German-speaking countries as a locale during installation. (Why should one use update-locale instead of directly ...
Stephen Kitt's user avatar
15 votes

Problem of Can't set locale; make sure $LC_* and $LANG are correct!

If you're having this issue on a raspberry pi (or other?) and you're getting the error when you ssh to the pi there are 2 other solutions One is edit /etc/ssh/sshd_config on the pi and comment out ...
gman's user avatar
  • 250
15 votes
Accepted

Why does the bash translation file not contain all error texts?

The string comes from strerror(3), which maps error numbers to messages. In this case, it's mapping EACCES. The strings (and their translations) are contained in your C library.
Stephen Kitt's user avatar
15 votes

Why does sort say that ɛ = e?

man sort: *** WARNING *** The locale specified by the environment affects sort order. Set LC_ALL=C to get the traditional sort order that uses native byte values. So, try: LC_ALL=C sort ...
Ipor Sircer's user avatar
  • 14.7k
14 votes

Problem of Can't set locale; make sure $LC_* and $LANG are correct!

These commands saved my life # echo "LC_ALL=en_US.UTF-8" >> /etc/environment # echo "en_US.UTF-8 UTF-8" >> /etc/locale.gen # echo "LANG=en_US.UTF-8" > /etc/locale.conf # locale-gen ...
Taras Vaskiv's user avatar
14 votes

What are collating symbols and equivalence classes used for?

Collating symbols and equivalence classes are used in locale definitions to encode complex ordering information. POSIX has the details, but in summary: a collating symbol represents a set of ...
Stephen Kitt's user avatar
14 votes
Accepted

Case sensitivity in square-bracket globbing

In bash version 4.3 and later, there is a shopt option called globasciiranges : According to shopt builtin gnu man pages: globasciiranges If set, range expressions used in pattern matching ...
George Vasiliou's user avatar
13 votes
Accepted

Sort LC_ALL=C vs LC_ALL=C.utf8

LC_ALL=C sort sorts by byte value. It will sort any input written in any charset by byte value, not only ASCII¹. The UTF-8 encoding has that property that sorting by byte value is the same as sorting ...
Stéphane Chazelas's user avatar
13 votes

What is the difference between LANG=C and LC_ALL=C?

LANG does not override: $ export LC_NUMERIC="de_DE.UTF-8" $ export LANG=C $ printf "%.2f\n" 3.14 -bash: printf: 3.14: invalid number 3,00 But LC_ALL does: $ export LC_NUMERIC="de_DE.UTF-8" $ export ...
ceving's user avatar
  • 3,619
12 votes

Change LANG variable in current shell

Several things are required for that to work: the it_IT.UTF-8 locale has to be available on the system. Check locale -a | grep it the Italian translation for the corresponding application has to be ...
Stéphane Chazelas's user avatar
12 votes

awk doesn't recognize field as a number

The problem is that you have LC_NUMERIC=fr_BE.UTF-8. Under this locale, the decimal separator is , and not . so 98.9 is not considered a number. To illustrate: $ echo "98.5" | LC_NUMERIC=C ...
terdon's user avatar
  • 244k
11 votes

How can I make “ls” show dotfiles first while staying case-insensitive?

You can use the shell's sort order instead (which may not involve the locale's collation order; bash, AT&T ksh, yash, tcsh and zsh give the expected results, mksh and dash don't. fish seems to ...
Stephen Kitt's user avatar
11 votes
Accepted

"-bash: warning: setlocale: LC_ALL: cannot change locale (en_US.UTF-8)"

What your terminal is doing The "rectangles with the numbers in [them]" are the way that your terminal emulator is displaying a terminal control sequence to you, because it doesn't recognize that ...
JdeBP's user avatar
  • 69.5k
11 votes
Accepted

"sort -g" does not work as expected on data in scientific notation

2.3e-12 would be understood as 2 in a locale where the decimal radix character is , (as it is in most of the non-English speaking world including your de_DE.utf8) where the number would need to be ...
Stéphane Chazelas's user avatar
10 votes
Accepted

What is VC keymap?

The VC is the virtual console which is also known as a virtual terminal VT. It is the full screen tty you might see before X11 launches (or switch to with Ctrl+Alt+2). It has its own keymap ...
meuh's user avatar
  • 51.9k
10 votes
Accepted

Arch Linux: Failed to set locale. Fix your system

One of your locale settings (namely, LC_TIME) is set to a locale that you have not generated (namely, en_GB.UTF-8). The error will go away if you enable that locale in /etc/locale.gen and regenerate ...
Fox's user avatar
  • 8,203
10 votes
Accepted

Why do some Linux utilities output Unicode (when it is not expected)?

It has everything to do with your system locale as it describes how utilities should output locale specific symbols and their combinations, e.g. ‘’ instead of "". If you don't want this, use ...
Artem S. Tashkinov's user avatar
10 votes

What value for LANG should I use for "sort -u“ correctly handle Chinese characters?

sort -u outputs one of each set of lines that collate the same (have identical sorting order) in the locale. On GNU systems (systems using the GNU libc), in most locales, many characters¹ have an ...
Stéphane Chazelas's user avatar
10 votes

"bash: warning: setlocale: LC_ALL: cannot change locale" - misleading? What does it mean?

Your warning suggests that the locales you are requesting have not actually been compiled. So, you should use: sudo dpkg-reconfigure locales to select the locales to compile. Alternatively, just edit ...
telcoM's user avatar
  • 101k
9 votes

Updated my arch linux server and now I get tmux: need UTF-8 locale (LC_CTYPE) but have ANSI_X3.4-1968

Following this link solves my problem: sudo localectl set-locale LANG=en_CA.UTF-8 # or change to en_US.UTF-8 depends on your locale-gen it generates a file /etc/locale.conf that fixes this issue
Kokizzu's user avatar
  • 9,931
9 votes
Accepted

loadlocale.c _nl_intern_locale_data assertion error

I figured out a solution, big thanks to these posts: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/37121895/yocto-build-loadlocale-c-130 Problem of Can't set locale; make sure $LC_* and $LANG are correct! ...
GammaSQ's user avatar
  • 279
9 votes
Accepted

Debian Installation: What does "Country to base default locale settings on" affect?

In most installations, the “Locale settings” screen shouldn’t appear: the value can usually be determined automatically from the language and country selection. The screen is shown in expert mode, or ...
Stephen Kitt's user avatar

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