You cannot update glibc on Centos 6 safely. However you can install 2.14 alongside 2.12 easily, then use it to compile projects etc. Here is how:
mkdir ~/glibc_install; cd ~/glibc_install
tar zxvf glibc-2.14.tar.gz
I ran this: strace -o spork.out bash -c "echo 1234 >> some-file" to figure out your question. This is what I found:
open("some-file", O_WRONLY|O_CREAT|O_APPEND, 0666) = 3
No file named "some-file" existed in the directory in which I ran the echo command.
That library has a main() function or equivalent entry point, and was compiled in such a way that it is useful both as an executable and as a shared object.
Here's one suggestion about how to do this, although it does not work for me.
Here's another in an answer to a similar question on S.O, which I'll shamelessly plagiarize, tweak, and add a bit of ...
This is not only done in Bash, it's required by the standard.
From the Single Unix Specification:
Appended output redirection shall cause the file whose name results from the expansion of word to be opened for output on the designated file descriptor. The file is opened as if the open() function as defined in the System Interfaces volume of POSIX.1-2008 ...
The kernel does have optimised versions of some of these functions, in the arch-specific directories; see for example the x86 implementation of memchr (see all the memchr definitions, and all the strchr definitions). The versions you found are the fallback generic versions; you can spot these by looking for the protective check, #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_MEMCHR ...
Technically, i686 is actually a 32-bit instruction set (part of the x86 family line), while x86_64 is a 64-bit instruction set (also referred to as amd64).
From the sound of it, you have a 64-bit machine that has 32-bit libraries for backwards compatibility. That should be totally fine.
Looking in the source, it does use O_APPEND. For bash 4.3.30 in make_cmd.c line 710-713 read:
case r_appending_to: /* >>foo */
case r_append_err_and_out: /* &>> filename */
temp->flags = O_APPEND | O_WRONLY | O_CREAT;
In my situation, the error appears when I try to run an application (compiled on Ubuntu 12.04 LTS) using GLIBC_2.14 on Debian Wheezy (which installs glibc 2.13 by default).
I use a tricky way to run it, and get correct result:
Download libc6 and libc6-dev from Ubuntu 12.04 LTS
Run dpkg command to install them into a directory (/home/user/fakeroot/ for ...
You don't have to switch to the unstable to get glib >= 2.14. In fact, the testing branch (now stable, or Jessie) has glib-2.17 which you can pick just adding the testing repository and launching:
sudo apt-get install libc6-dev=2.17-7
sudo apt-get -t testing install libc6-dev
You can add the switch --dry-run to see what will being installed before ...
Let's dive for an answer in random glibc repo in github.
This version provides a „banner“ at file version.c.
In same file there is a few interesting points:
__libc_print_version the function that provides printing to stdin same text and symbol __libc_main (void) which is documented as an entry point.
So this symbol is called when running library.
So how ...
Answer to my question, from Qualys:
During our testing, we developed a proof-of-concept in which we send a
specially created e-mail to a mail server and can get a remote shell
to the Linux machine. This bypasses all existing protections (like
ASLR, PIE and NX) on both 32-bit and 64-bit systems.
My compiled research below for anyone else looking:
You have upgraded your libc (the most basic system library) and now no program works. To be precise, no dynamically linked program works.
In your particular scenario, rebooting should work. The now-installed libc requires a newer kernel, and if you reboot, you should get that newer kernel.
As long as you still have a running shell, there's often a way to ...
You're missing a file which would be used to default the locale in the absence of $LANG or $LC_ALL (or all of the more specific $LC_whatever) being set.
On older glibc, it's /usr/lib/locale/locale-archive.
Because GNU/Linux is chaotic, you should use strace
to determine which files are expected in the particular
versions in use on your machine:
strace -e ...
For some versions of glibc, the announcement email says which kernel versions are compatible.
glibc Released Requires Linux kernel version
2.31 1 Feb 2020 ? (same as 2.26?)
2.30 1 Aug 2019 ? (same as 2.26?)
2.29 1 Feb 2019 ? (same as 2.26?)
2.28 1 Aug 2018 ? ...
The path to the loader is compiled into the binary as you discovered with your hex editor. You actually got lucky that editing the binary directly worked because both /lib/ld-linux.so.2 and /home/chroot/ld.so are the same length. The lengths of those strings are also in the binary and you can cause subtle problems if you modify the strings directly.
If you ...
Sorting is done in multiple passes. Each character has three (or sometimes more) weights assigned to it. Let's say for this example the weights are
wt#1 wt#2 wt#3
space = [0000.0020.0002]
A = [1BC2.0020.0008]
To create the sort key, the nonzero weights of the characters of a string are concatenated, one weight level at a time. That is, if a ...
You can definitely compile a new version of GLIBC and have it stored in a separate directory.
The first thing you'll have to do is download the version of glibc that you want from http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/glibc/.
Run the configure script and set the --prefix= to something like /home/you/mylibs.
After you've managed to install it into that directory, you'll ...
To be a tiny bit more explicit than @Miroslav answer:
1 The dependencies
#64-bit (`x86_64`) C library and headers
yum install libgcc
yum install glibc-devel
# 32-bit (‘i386’) C library and headers
yum install libgcc.i686
yum install glibc-devel.i686
See all of them in GCC Prerequesites.
2 Then compile with --enable-multilib
When a program starts, it receives its environment as an array of pointers to some strings in the format var=value. On Linux, those are located at the bottom of the stack. At the very bottom, you have all the strings tucked one after the other (that's what's shown in /proc/pid/environ). And above you have an array of pointers (NULL terminated) to those ...
Resolving yum-updates for my RHEL 6.4 (Fedora 12+) environment was time-consuming but ultimately successful. I want to share what I did, and what could have been better.
I identified all package duplicates. Presumably package-clean --dupes does the same. Another helpful command was rpm -qa package-name, which identified duplicate packages by prefix or ...
make itself has likely not much to do with the problem. The symptoms are typical of using wrong toolchain and/or libraries. The output indicates that the linker in use is the stock Fedora ld, which on 64bit Fedora would mean a toolchain capable of producing x86_64 binaries.
skipping incompatible /usr/lib/libc.a
tells you, that the linker tried linking ...
I was having this exact issue when creating a Docker image. First installing yum-plugin-ovl, which is a yum plugin for the Docker overlay fs, fixed the issue for me.
RUN yum -y update \
&& yum -y install yum-plugin-ovl \
&& yum -y install gcc
See this GitHub issue for more information on the fix.
I made it :-)
I basically followed Gilles's advice and decided to do it properly: i.e. manage a complete cross-compilation of GLIBC. I started from crosstool-ng, and was initially disappointed - seeing that it didn't support my old kernel. I kept at it, though - manually editing the configuration file saved by crosstool-ng to do changes like these on the ...
They are certainly case sensitive in the glibc resolver libraries. Note the use of strncmp (case sensitive compare) rather than strncasecmp (case insensitive compare) in the MATCH function within glibc res_init.c.
This code is responsible for reading + parsing the /etc/resolv.conf file.
#define MATCH(line, name) \
(!strncmp(line, name, sizeof(name) -...
How can I parse argument using C?
POSIX provides getopt for parsing command-line arguments.
On Linux systems, the GNU C library provides an extended getopt_long function that allows for long named parameters in addition to the single-character flags supported by plain getopt.
In linux, pressing 'tab' auto fills the command. I would like to have similar ...
Upgrading the standard library is risky, as some programs and libraries may depend on the current version.
My recommendation if you need to run newer programs is to install a full chrooted distribution. This requires more disk space, but is a lot simpler and less risky than trying to update libc. Debian provides a tool to facilitate installations in a ...
I had the same issue after setting up /etc/locale.conf just today (relating to the recent changes to /etc/rc.conf. In my case, it turned out that the locales were not installed.
Check /etc/locale.gen. All the locales which your environment variables reference must be activated (i.e. not commented out) in there. After having made your changes, run sudo ...