Windows OS residing in
/dev/sda5 in the figure you've shown. In your system it's the only
ntfs partition large enough to hold windows installation.
You can easily mount and see which partition containing what and decide to remove them. Like in Windows installation partition you'll find folders relevant to windows. To mount
ntfs file system in Linux you need
ntfs-3g driver, which usually comes inbuilt with Ubuntu. Otherwise install it using
apt install ntfs-3g.
In your system
/dev/sda1 is mounted as
/boot/efi. So, it's containing
grub boot loader. So, don't delete it even by mistake. You can delete
If your main purpose is freeing up disk space I'll suggest you to delete
/dev/sda5 only. Other partitions mentioned above has windows recovery, Windows bootloader etc. They may be helpful in case of a factory restore etc.
Now merging the entire 1 Tb disk is a tricky job. For that you've to first delete all drives except
sda1, sda8 and sda9. Then merge all the space and copy all contents of
sda8 i.e. Linux root partition into the newly created partition using
rsync. Then you've to change
/etc/fstab entry properly and boot the system with new file system as root. Also change the
root parameter in
grub to the new partition.
Once the system is booted with new file-system as
/ you can delete the existing root file-system i.e.
/dev/sda8 and merge it with the new created root file system.
NOTE Changing root drive is a hazardous job. If not performed correctly your current installation may stop working. Another easy solution is delete all partitions and reinstall Ubuntu freshly. Always have a backup of all necessary files before deleting anything.