Questions tagged [yum]

Yellowdog Updater Modified (yum) is an interactive, rpm based, package manager.

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224
votes
3answers
533k views

How can I instruct yum to install a specific version of package X?

If there are two (or more) versions of a given RPM available in a YUM repository, how can I instruct yum to install the version I want? Looking through the Koji build service I notice that there are ...
121
votes
2answers
203k views

In CentOS, what is the difference between yum update and yum upgrade?

What is the difference between yum update and yum upgrade, and when should I use one over the other?
90
votes
2answers
148k views

How to install dig on CentOS?

I can't find the dig command on my new CentOS installation. I've tried yum install dig but it say it cannot find the package. How do I install dig on CentOS?
85
votes
4answers
72k views

What is yum equivalent of 'apt-get update'?

Debian's apt-get update fetches and updates the package index. Because I'm used to this way of doing things, I was surprised to find that yum update does all that and upgrades the system. This made ...
74
votes
5answers
118k views

How can I tell whether a package is installed via yum in a bash script?

I am trying to write a script that installs packages, but if it fails at any point later in the script rolls back whatever it installed. Of course if the user has already previously installed a ...
65
votes
1answer
85k views

How do I force yum to install without prompting the user, using bash?

I'm writing a bash script to install php5.4 and I'd like to automate this for a test VM. The rpm command I have is: rpm -Uvh http://mirror.webtatic.com/yum/el5/latest.rpm yum install php54w Now, in ...
61
votes
5answers
151k views

Remove unused packages

I have installed some rpm package on my Fedora 17. Some packages had a lot of dependencies. I have removed some packages but I forgot remove unused dependencies with yum remove. How can I do that now?...
60
votes
2answers
277k views

Nslookup: command not found error on RHEL/CentOS 7

During linux installation I selected "minimal" option: When I went to run the nslookup command to look up an IP address I got the error message nslookup: command not found as shown in the example ...
51
votes
11answers
18k views

Non-Root Package Managers

From my research, I seem to notice that all package managers insist on being used as a privileged user and must be installed into /. Typically, what I like to do is create a throwaway account, ...
50
votes
2answers
137k views

Local installation of .rpms using YUM

I'm asking this question cautiously because I don't want to get this wrong. I have a program_name.rpm file saved locally on my server (CentOS 6.5). I have installed it previously just by navigating ...
50
votes
2answers
89k views

yum install in user home for non-admins

I am a non-admin user on a large computer system. I need some up to date packages that are not installed on the system. I want to use yum to install them. As a user without sudo, admin, or root access,...
49
votes
5answers
91k views

Yum: How can I view variables like $releasever, $basearch & $YUM0?

I am setting up a yum repository, and need to debug some of the URLs in the yum.conf file. I need to know why is Scientific Linux trying to grab this URL, when I was expecting it to grab another URL: ...
48
votes
6answers
48k views

Listing packages in Yum that depend on another installed package

I am trying to install a 3rd-party RPM package on RHEL5 which depends on version 3.4 of sqlite. According to Yum I already have 3.3.6 installed. Is there a way to list the installed packages that ...
44
votes
7answers
55k views

List all RPM packages installed from repo “X”

How can I get a list of all of the RPM packages that have been installed on my system from a particular repo (e.g., "epel")?
44
votes
2answers
134k views

Yum Check Available Package Updates

Red Hat docs say: To see which installed packages on your system have updates available, use the following command: yum check-update What command must I run to view all available versions for a ...
43
votes
4answers
132k views

What is Fedora's equivalent of 'apt-get purge'?

In Debian, there's at least two ways to delete a package: apt-get remove pkgname apt-get purge pkgname The first preserves system-wide config files (i.e. those found in "/etc"), while the second ...
42
votes
8answers
74k views

How can I remove Orphan Packages in Fedora?

I just switched from Ubuntu to Fedora14. In Ubuntu we had the apt-get autoremove thing to remove orphan/unused packages. What is the counterpart in Fedora?
41
votes
4answers
59k views

yum Error:rpmdb open failed

I'm trying to run yum update and I'm running this error: rpmdb: PANIC: fatal region error detected; run recovery error: db3 error(-30974) from dbenv->open: DB_RUNRECOVERY: Fatal error, run ...
36
votes
3answers
340k views

Installing git “sudo: apt-get: command not found”

I am trying to install git. I run the following command: sudo apt-get install git-core git-gui git-doc But receive the following error: sudo: apt-get: command not found What should I do?
34
votes
10answers
279k views

yum update fails: Error: Cannot retrieve repository metadata (repomd.xml) for repository …

I'm using CentOS 6.3. When I try to update my system with yum I have this message: yum update Loaded plugins: fastestmirror Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile * base: mirrors.ircam.fr * ...
34
votes
1answer
18k views

What do the characters y/d/N mean?

When I am updating my system, the machine tells me the size of the packages to download and asks me: is this ok: [y/d/N]? I know the meaning of y (yes) and N (no), but don't know what d stands for. ...
34
votes
3answers
58k views

What is the difference between i686 and x86_64 packages?

I have a machine with both glibc i686 and x86_64, and a very annoying problem with glibc. Is it normal to have two libraries of the same name installed on one computer? How can I know which library ...
33
votes
7answers
78k views

Download all dependencies with yumdownloader, even if already installed?

Is there a way to download all dependencies with yumdownloader, even if they are already installed? I'm trying to create a local repo and only want to include the packages we need.
32
votes
5answers
90k views

yum installs kernel-devel different from my kernel version

I am attempting to install the VMWare player in Fedora 19. I am running into the problem that multiple users have had where VMware player cannot find the kernel headers. I have installed the kernel-...
31
votes
1answer
68k views

Does yum's --enablerepo option only enable a repo for the current command?

Does yum's --enablerepo option only enable a repository for the duration of the current command? For example if the enabled setting in /etc/yum.repos.d/remi.repo file is set to 0 (disabled) and I ...
31
votes
4answers
86k views

How to avoid “yum lock” hassle?

I often encounter the "Another app is currently holding the yum lock; waiting for it to exit..." message when trying to install an app and I have to kill yum manually. How can I avoid that? Is there ...
29
votes
3answers
58k views

How to use yum to get all RPMs required, for offline use?

I have one server with net connectivity, where I can use "yum install $PACKAGE". I want some yum command, like yum cache-rpms $PACKAGE $DIRECTORY such that all required RPM files will be downloaded to ...
28
votes
3answers
27k views

After yum update is it a good idea to restart the server?

I'm aware that it is good to run yum update from time to time to keep my Centos server updated, and I even see that there is way to automate this update. My question is, is it necessary to restart ...
26
votes
2answers
98k views

Where do installed RPMs go?

I download and install packages on my Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server 6 machine using YUM package manager in command-line mode. When I install apk files on my Android phone, they go to /data/app ...
25
votes
4answers
16k views

Transaction check error in installing vim?

I recently updated my fedora to 20 and wanted to install vim.but running sudo yum install vim returned this error: Transaction check error: file /usr/share/man/man1/vim.1.gz from install of vim-...
22
votes
2answers
39k views

Yum update error on CentOS 5.6

I have CentOS 5.6 on my laptop. When I type yum update, I get the below error: Loaded plugins: fastestmirror Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile YumRepo Error: All mirror URLs are not using ...
22
votes
2answers
1k views

Why don't package managers have per-user installations and registries?

Both Apt and DNF/Yum, the two most popular package management schemes for Linux distributions to my knowledge, only support system-wide installation of packages: Files owned by root, binaries go in (/...
20
votes
5answers
67k views

Unable to Pull EPEL repository Metadata

Installing Nginx on Scientific Linux according this documentation fails: [vagrant@localhost ~]$ sudo su -c 'rpm -Uvh http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epe l/6/x86_64/epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm' ...
20
votes
3answers
138k views

How do I install the stock CentOS repositories?

I have a situation where the stock repo files that should exist in /etc/yum.repos.d/ (like centos-base.repo) are not present. I need to get them installed. I am sure this is simple, but after hours of ...
19
votes
3answers
9k views

Is there a way to install and remove packages in a single yum command?

Is there a way to add and remove packages at the same time with a single yum command? For example, installing postfix and removing sendmail without running two separate commands/transactions.
19
votes
4answers
17k views

Duplicating a Yum-based Linux installation

Given an installation based on Yum (specifically in my case, a Scientific Linux 5.1 x86_64 installation), how would I duplicate the installed programs and utilities to a new machine based on Fedora ...
19
votes
1answer
149k views

Install Apache 2.4 on CentOS using yum

I need Apache 2.4 in CentOS because with Apache 2.2 mod_proxy_wstunnel is not possible. I have tried this, but unfortunately its for RHEL. After installing, I can't execute the Apache 2.4. Can anyone ...
19
votes
3answers
105k views

why can't I install packages with rpm? I get “transaction lock” [closed]

I'm having problems with yum and I am trying to re-install it. I've download yum.3.2.0-40-el6.centos.noarch.rpm. When I try: $ rpm -ivh yum.3.2.0-40-el6.centos.noarch.rpm I get: error: can't ...
18
votes
1answer
23k views

What's the difference between software update and upgrade?

Someone says "update" is for small changes and "upgrade" is for big changes. I am very much confused about software update and upgrade. And when I should use update vs. when I should use upgrade. ...
17
votes
1answer
57k views

Difference between yum update vs yum install

While working with the rpm command I noticed that if I installed some-package-1.0 and then performed another rpm -ivh some-package-1.1 both packages will be listed when I do a rpm -qa | grep some-...
17
votes
2answers
71k views

How to install dependencies of an rpm package without installing the package itself? (rhel/fedora)

I have a set of packages (*.rpm). For each package I can do rpm -qRp <package> to list requires, but I would like to install them (those requires) without installing the packages themselves. ...
17
votes
2answers
17k views

Reinstalling packages with missing/corrupt files

Following an unclean shutdown and a colourful fsck, a whole bunch of files have gone missing. The output of 'rpm -Va' is several hundred lines long (mostly missing files but also some checksum and ...
16
votes
10answers
82k views

Cannot enable network after CentOS 6.3 fresh install

I am trying to perform a fresh CentOS 6.3 installation then run various yum commands such as yum install httpd. The installation runs fine, however I cannot run any network based commands like yum I ...
16
votes
4answers
40k views

CentOS: Install packages listed in a text file?

I have an existing CentOS installation which I'd like to install extra packages to. The packages to be installed were supplied to me in a list, one package per line, which looks like: .... ...
16
votes
4answers
1k views

How to know what name to type to launch a program after installing it with yum/rpm?

I just installed a rpm using the following command: yum localinstall ./FoxitReader-1.1-0.fc9.i386.rpm Now, this did the trick and I could launch the app using: FoxitReader & What if ...
16
votes
4answers
22k views

Package bash-completion missing from Yum in CentOS

I am trying to get tab-completion working in Yum in CentOS 6 (so I can do something like yum install firefo<TAB> and get back firefox), and I have found many tutorials which say to simply do yum ...
15
votes
1answer
14k views

How do I find package URLs with Yum?

I want to update my system (Fedora) with Yum, but I want to use aria2 to download the packages. There was something in pacman that you could use to get the update URLs (and put all links in a file.) ...
15
votes
6answers
113k views

How to add a repository on Fedora?

With one repository I did it like this (as root): # cd /etc/yum.repos # wget https://some.repo.example.org/foo/bar/Fedora_14/foo_bar.repo # grep enabled foo_bar.repo enabled=1 Is this the ...
15
votes
7answers
7k views

How to replicate installed package selection from one Fedora instance to another?

I have a Fedora system (A) where I have installed some packages over the time. Now I want to install Fedora on another computer (B) and I want to install the same packages on it. In Debian terms I ...
14
votes
2answers
5k views

Should you run automatic updates

I'm running production Centos web servers. I want to know what is best practice for running updates. Should I automate this with yum-cron or yum-updatesd? Or is there a danger of updates breaking ...