Questions tagged [xkb]

xkb is the abbreviation for the X Keyboard Extension used to describe and configure differ keyboard layouts, etc. under X11.

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76
votes
6answers
125k views

How to get keycodes for xmodmap?

I'm trying to use xmodmap to remap Alt / Super keys on Dell L100 keyboard, and have trouble getting the keycodes. For instance, using xev doesn't give me keycode for Alt FocusOut event, serial 36, ...
61
votes
12answers
61k views

How do I get current keyboard layout?

I'm wondering is there any command line tool, that returns current keyboard layout. I have XkbLayout set to us, ru. Update: setxkbmap returns layout settings, not selected layout. E.g.: $ setxkbmap ...
48
votes
5answers
38k views

List all valid kbd layouts, variants and toggle options (to use with setxkbmap)

Is there a way from command line to retrieve the list of all available keyboard layouts and relative variants? I need to list all the valid layout/variants choices to be used then from setxkbmap. ...
33
votes
2answers
2k views

Remapping keys that generate multiple scan codes

I have a ThinkPad W540. On its keyboard there are four multimedia keys above the numpad. Two of those keys generate keycodes (and, apparently, scancodes) that correspond to combination of keys, Win_L +...
32
votes
2answers
21k views

Other than Alt + Shift to switch keyboard layout, any other Xorg key combinations?

All I can find about XkbOptions was: Option "XKbOptions" "grp:alt_shift_toggle" Seems I can only use alt+shift combination to switch keyboard layout, any other keys that I can use ?
27
votes
5answers
17k views

Swap alt and super

I have a Macbook Air that runs Linux. I want to swap the alt and super keys in both sides of the keyboard with each other. How do I do this with cli tools? Update Following Drav Sloan's answer I ...
25
votes
3answers
9k views

How to remap the Context Menu key to the Super key

This keyboard has only one super key, so I want to remap the menu key to make up for that.
25
votes
1answer
3k views

Shortcut keys that are independent to keyboard layout

Is there a way to define an association of a particular physical key of the keyboard to some action, independently of the letter that this key is associated to in any layout? Example: In most ...
22
votes
3answers
16k views

How to prevent the caps-lock toggle effect, without remapping or disabling it?

I have an X11 program that grabs caps-lock, and uses it. The problem is, I want to disable the regular caps-lock toggling, but doing so seems to disable the key. So whatever X11 gets for a caps-lock ...
22
votes
1answer
5k views

Does Wayland use XKB for keyboard layouts?

As XKB is part of X window, is it XKB used in Wayland as well? If so, is there any utility planed to replace XKB at some point? In weston, setxkbmap does not work obviously. What is the currently ...
20
votes
1answer
3k views

Switch between numbers and symbols on caps lock

Is it possible to set caps lock to switch between inserting numbers and the symbols they normally trigger when one holds shift? e.g. when you normally press the 9 key, you get a ( unless caps lock is ...
17
votes
2answers
16k views

Use setxkbmap to swap the Left Shift and Left Control

Is it possible to swap the Left Shift and the Left CTRL keys using setxkbmap instead of xmodmap? EDIT I have switched to Fcitx, which works way much better with my keyboard layout and customized ...
15
votes
5answers
16k views

How to permanently swap esc and caps lock in xfce / xubuntu?

I followed some post a while ago, and it said to make an ~/.xmodmap file like so: ! Swap caps lock and escape remove Lock = Caps_Lock keysym Escape = Caps_Lock keysym Caps_Lock = Escape add Lock = ...
14
votes
1answer
4k views

Remapping both Caps Lock and Shift+Caps Lock in xkb

I am trying to configure xkb such that Caps Lock is mapped to the Compose key and Shift+Caps Lock functions as the traditional Caps Lock. I put the following in a new file called /usr/share/X11/xkb/...
14
votes
3answers
3k views

Remapping power key to delete

I have a macbook pro running Ubuntu 13.10 with FluxBox. Unfortunately, the power button is physically above the backspace where I would expect the delete key to be in. In OS X, the PowerKey program ...
13
votes
2answers
3k views

Custom xkb layout in which one key creates two unicode code points

I am writing a new custom keyboard layout for Xorg, but there is one particular glyph which does not exist in Unicode. It is, however, easy to create it by using a standard letter plus a combining ...
12
votes
8answers
14k views

Map Caps Lock to Control in Linux Mint

I am running the latest version of Linux Mint with Cinnamon. I'm trying to map Caps Lock to Ctrl, but I cannot figure out how to do it. All web searches I've done have led me to older versions of ...
12
votes
4answers
21k views

How do I change currently selected keyboard layout from command line?

I have my keyboard layouts (two of them) and switching between them configured via the following command: setxkbmap -layout us,ru -option -option "grp:lctrl_lshift_toggle,ctrl:nocaps" Now I want to ...
12
votes
1answer
7k views

Where is Xkb getting its configuration?

Is there a way to query where xkb is getting its configuration from? Under ArchLinux I have /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/00-keyboard.conf with: Section "InputClass" Identifier "system-keyboard" ...
12
votes
1answer
3k views

Declare a new modifier key with XKB

I'm trying to create a one handed keyboard layout and want to use Hyper to produce special keys when I press some keys. For example, when I press Hyper_L and B, I want XKB to produce ...
12
votes
1answer
5k views

Where do find information about xkb_symbols (i.e. dead_acute, KP_1, Delete, Down) [closed]

Where can I find a list of the xkb_symbols and their meaning? To clarify let me give some examples for xkb_symbols: dead_acute dollar Down Delete adiaeresis Adiaeresis dead_circumflex KP_0 (KP_ ...
12
votes
1answer
810 views

Numpad emulation

My new laptop (Dell Inspiron 5578) has no numeric pad. Many laptops without dedicated numpad keys have numpad accessible through Fn, but not this one. When I run xev and try to use traditional Fn ...
11
votes
1answer
3k views

CapsLock as modifier key for application keymaps

I am developer and currently I am using Ubuntu Linux with PyCharm IDE for development of website. In order to improve typing performance I consider change CapsLock to Hyper_L and assign it to mod3 ...
11
votes
5answers
11k views

How can I make Ctrl + Alt act like Alt gr in Ubuntu?

I recently switched to Ubuntu on my laptop and one thing that almost got me to switch back to windows is the fact that I can't make Ctrl + Alt to act like Alt gr. I have programmed in several years ...
10
votes
2answers
4k views

Override a few keycodes with XKB

I want to shuffle a few keys around with XKB. (Why? On a laptop where some keys are inconveniently located.) I currently use xmodmap: keycode 110 = Prior keycode 115 = Delete keycode 112 = Next ...
10
votes
4answers
8k views

How to display the current keyboard layout?

Is there a utility that allows to graphically display the current keyboard layout? This can be useful, for example, when writing in a foreign language and having the physical keyboard only ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

xkb: make ctrl+backspace behave as delete

How can I map Ctrl+Backspace to behave as Delete key with xkb? I can remap a single key on /usr/share/X11/xkb/symbols/pc but can't figure out how to do the combination. My OS is Ubuntu 15.04
10
votes
3answers
1k views

Turn off Caps lock when Escape is pressed

Is there any way to disable CapsLock whenever Esc is pressed. Yes, I use VIM! I actually have an alternative all-caps keyboard layout on Ctrl-6 but I find it cumbersome and would prefer to just have ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

How can I autoload xkb customisations in GNOME?

Following up on my question about customising key mappings in Wayland I've found out that xmodmap is apparently deprecated, but xkb "should work" in Wayland. Unfortunately, xkb is much more ...
9
votes
3answers
6k views

How to re-enable the caps lock key?

I am currently setting up my default keyboard layout like this: setxkbmap -layout us -variant dvorak -option ctrl:nocaps,[...] It disables the caps lock key and makes it an additional ctrl key, ...
9
votes
1answer
3k views

Create and set custom keyboard layout

I want to create and set a custom keyboard layout with setxkbmap. I created a file in ~/.xkb/prog with this content: partial default alphanumeric_keys xkb_symbols "basic" { include "latin(type4)" ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

How do I *un*set an option in `xkbmap`?

I would like to disable the Ctrl-Alt-Backspace combination using a command line tool, without root priviliges. I know I can use setxkbmap to enable “zapping” with the option terminate:ctrl_alt_bksp. ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

How to remap keyboard keys based on how long you hold the key

I would like to remap the keys on my number pad so that they behave differently depending on how long the key is pressed. Here's an example: If I hold the Numpad 9 key down for less than 300ms it ...
9
votes
3answers
882 views

How to allow chords of keyboard keys to change the keymap temporarily?

I have really gotten used to the "Simultaneous Vi Mode" functionality of KeyRemap4MacBook which lets you press and hold the s and d keys simultaneously and then use the h, j, k, and l keys as the ...
9
votes
1answer
712 views

Map a symbol to a specific key

I have the following problem: I use the intl variant of gb keyboard layout, i.e., what you get with: setxkbmap -layout gb -variant intl I use gmail in Firefox, and for some reason, the gmail ...
9
votes
2answers
4k views

how to bind AltGr to <Ctrl> + <Alt>

I am trying to create a linux equivalent of Ergonomic Telugu Keyboard layout called Sarala (Hard la). I have been able to map all the keys so far. The layout uses the following key combinations for ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Openbox overwrites xmodmap configuration

I am setting up openbox on my laptop running Linux Mint 13. I want my Caps Lock key to act as an additional control key. I put the required settings in my ~/.Xmodmap file and checked it by running ...
8
votes
3answers
8k views

how to assign another modifier to Alt key for X11?

Aim: I would like to assign Alt to CapsLock-key, and Meta to Alt-key. But in such way, Alt-key would no longer be recognized as Alt, and CapsLock-key would no longer be recognized as CapsLock. ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

How can I make backspace act as escape using setxkbmap?

There seem to be several options for setxkbmap such as -option caps:backspace which makes caps a backspace. However I cannot seem to find an option that makes backspace an escape key. How do I create ...
8
votes
3answers
5k views

Script to toggle setxkbmap

I would like a bash script that toggles between: setxkbmap se and setxkbmap us. Then my intentions are to map that script to CtrlEsc through the Keyboard > custom shortcuts. The point is that I ...
8
votes
1answer
194 views

XKB multi-layout layout specific Capslock behaviour oddity

I have two custom keyboard layouts, one a modified version of the us (which I have called vi,) one a modified version of the dk (which I have called da.) Both are registered properly, and work. After ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

xorg.conf XkbOption ignored for terminate:ctrl_alt_bksp to restart X

I want Ctrl+Alt+Bksp to restart X, so I created an xorg.conf rule: /usr/share/X11/xorg.conf.d/53-zap.conf: Section "ServerFlags" Option "DontZap" "false" EndSection Section "InputClass" ...
7
votes
4answers
4k views

Create xkb configuration from xmodmap

I have a custom xmodmap file I use, including useful multi-language diacriticals, english quotes, dashes &c. I want to use this map with kmscon, so I need to create a xkb configuration from it. Is ...
7
votes
1answer
3k views

Map Super+[Left|Right] to Home/End

How do I map key "Super" so, when combined with Left/Right, it produces keycode Home/End? My current setxkbmap: setxkbmap \ -model pc105 \ -layout 'us(dvorak-intl),us(alt-intl)' \ -option \ -...
7
votes
1answer
954 views

Multiple modifier layers with XKB (on a japanese keyboard)

I have the following keyboard (HHKB JP). I'm using Lubuntu 14.04, and I've edited /usr/share/X11/xkb/symbols/us to implement a custom layout. Now, I want to use the following keys as 5th, 6th, 7th, ....
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Fully Disable PrntScr Key

I recently came across a Linux feature I have never seen before, where pressing the PrntScr button on the keyboard prints a physical piece of paper with the contents of my console. I really need to ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Programmatic way to install xkb keyboard layout

I have a new keyboard layout that is working so far. I want to ship this to users who most probably will have minimal knowledge of Linux. Trouble is to install this layout I have to do a lot of copy ...
7
votes
1answer
973 views

I've just deleted my /usr/share/X11/xkb/symbols directory and restarted, how come I can still type?

I'm running Linux Mint and I'm trying to edit my symbol files but none of the changes stick - I've tried restarting X and restarting the computer. Eventually I got frustrated and tried deleting the ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

Multiple XkbOptions in xorg.conf

how should I write multiple XkbOptions in xorg.conf? I've tried "option,option,option", "option, option, option", "option option option" and none of these worked - only the first option was executed.
6
votes
2answers
3k views

Is there a way to remap the AltGr key to Ctrl with setxkbmap?

I've already checked the option section in /usr/share/X11/xkb/rules/base.lst but I didn't find an entry for AltGr...