Questions tagged [wayland]

A display server protocol that is intended to replace the X Window System. Wayland is a rewrite from the ground up of the Linux graphical display subsystem.

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votes
10answers
144k views

How to know whether Wayland or X11 is being used

So I just installed the latest Kali Linux on my laptop which was based on Debian 7 (oldstable). I then dist-upgrad-ed the whole thing to Debian 8. I've always wanted Wayland instead of X11, so I ...
25
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2answers
3k views

What is Wayland?

I was looking for a lightweight X server, but failed to find one. Then I found out about Wayland. I says that it aims to coexist with X, but can run standalone. When I try to compile it, it needs ...
20
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1answer
5k views

Does Wayland use XKB for keyboard layouts?

As XKB is part of X window, is it XKB used in Wayland as well? If so, is there any utility planed to replace XKB at some point? In weston, setxkbmap does not work obviously. What is the currently ...
18
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4answers
11k views

How to customise keyboard mappings with Wayland

I use Linux on a Macbook with a UK/GB keyboard and I customize the keymap to solve some problems Apple's weird keyboard layout causes. I use xmodmap to do this. I'd like to try Wayland, but xmodmap ...
15
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2answers
1k views

How to identify window by clicking in Wayland

I'd like to identify which process a window belongs to in Wayland. Is there anything like xprop for X that allows the user to pick a window by clicking and outputs all window details, including PID?
13
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2answers
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How can I run a graphical application in a container under Wayland?

When I used an X11 desktop, I could run graphical applications in docker containers by sharing the $DISPLAY variable and /tmp/X11-unix directory. For example: docker run -ti -e DISPLAY=$DISPLAY -v /...
12
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1answer
1k views

Why need drivers for both x server and the linux kernel?

Can someone explain why two sets of drivers are needed, one in the Linux kernel and one in X? I understand that the device drivers are in the kernel, but what is the role of those in the xserver? ...
12
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2answers
3k views

Set environment variables for gnome on wayland and bash on virtual terminals (or ssh)

Gnome 3.22 uses wayland by default. Gnome on wayland does not read ~/.profile (or ~/.bash_profile or /etc/profile). See https://bugzilla.gnome.org/show_bug.cgi?id=736660. I have my initialization ...
10
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1answer
3k views

Touchpad scrolling is very jumpy on Wayland

I've just switched from Xorg to Wayland, which means I've also switched to libinput. I'm also using GNOME 3 and GDM. Since switching, scrolling has become very jumpy. As I drag two fingers ...
10
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1answer
541 views

How can I minimise all GNOME/Wayland windows from the command line?

Before switching to Wayland I would minimise all GNOME Shell windows with the following command: wmctrl -k on ...but both wmctrl and xdotool are X11-only applications. What CLI command can I use to ...
9
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3answers
4k views

Configure extra mouse buttons under Wayland

I use a 10-button mouse (Logitech M705). Under X11, I was able to configure one of the extra buttons to behave as a second middle-click by modifying files in etc/X11/xorg.conf.d. Under Wayland, this ...
9
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3answers
3k views

How to zoom into my desktop but maintain high resolution for fonts etc?

I recently bought a 4K screen (or UHD i.e. 2160p to be exact) and use it on my tower running Arch Linux. As a window manager I use awesome which runs on top of compton for tear-free compositing, as ...
9
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1answer
2k views

Real GNOME Wayland session

I'm trying to test a "real" wayland gnome session. I know that not all applications can run on Wayland natively (for this we have XWayland) but at least I would like to have GTK+ applications to do so....
8
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3answers
13k views

Fedora 25 is NOT using wayland by default!

For some reason my Fedora 25 FRESH install is not using wayland by default. I know this because of $: loginctl show-session 3 -p Type Type=x11 If I was using Wayland by default that should say ...
8
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3answers
2k views

What is the Wayland equivalent of xinput list?

I am running a userspace driver for a /dev/uinput device in a Wayland desktop session. The instructions suggest running xinput list to confirm that the device is detected. Of course, xinput is an X....
8
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2answers
5k views

Display Server vs. Window Manager vs. Graphics Driver?

I am trying to sort my understanding of the different part of graphics on Linux, and I am confused as to the roles played by each of the following concepts. Display Server Window Manager Graphics ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

Transporting Xbindkeys/Keyboard Shortcuts to Wayland?

I am currently using several dozen keyboard shortcuts in xfce4 using xbindkeys. I want to switch to Wayland though for window management. Question: Does xbindkeys work in Wayland? If not, how does ...
8
votes
1answer
5k views

Modify mouse wheel and touchpad two-finger scrolling speed

I'm running GNOME 3 on Fedora 25, which uses Wayland as opposed to Xorg. I'm having trouble finding a way to modify my mouse wheel scroll speed and touchpad scroll speed without affecting mouse/...
8
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3answers
1k views

Gnome 3 keybindings in source ? Where are ctrl-c … (cut, copy and paste) defined?

After upgrading and getting the last version of Gnome+Wayland, it kind of mostly broke Autokey (even login with Gnome3 on Xorg). After so much time spent trying to get Command+c to copy instead of ...
8
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0answers
2k views

Virtual Machine Manager wants to inhibit shortcuts - again and again - on Wayland

I've recently reinstalled my workstation with Fedora 27, and since doing so, virt-manager has been doing one strange thing. Every time I open a VM console and then move the mouse into the window, a ...
7
votes
1answer
3k views

Wayland Scaling

Im playing around with wayland (on Fedora 24) and multi-dpi screens. With X I am settings my secondary non HDPI screen to scaled with xrandr --output eDP-1 --auto --output DP-1-8 --auto --panning ...
6
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2answers
2k views

Keyboard emulation in Wayland

Is there a way to make xdotool or xte or any other alternative to work in Fedora 26? I'm trying to emulate keypresses (using xbindkeys), e.g. pressing Alt+B would emulate pressing Ctrl+Shift+B. But ...
6
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2answers
1k views

Replacing the SSH agent in GNOME Shell, Wayland, and SystemD

I'm using Fedora 24 (amd64), which is running GNOME 3/GNOME Shell as a desktop environment, using Wayland as the display server, and SystemD as the init. Pretty standard, out of the box, this is the ...
6
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1answer
2k views

What is the difference between a windowing system and a window manager?

What is the difference between a windowing system (for example X11, Wayland) and a window manager (Awesome, Compiz, OpenBox)?
6
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1answer
1k views

Wayland and full-screen apps

Will Wayland, unlike X, be able to "know" about a full screen app, and not fire up the screensaver? I remember reading up on this, and X (or present KWin/Compiz) cannot know or be told when to hold ...
6
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2answers
6k views

wayland and remote desktop

apparently Fedora 25, even if in alpha state (not for long, beta comins soon) is doing extremely well with Wayland enable by defaut. I wonder if there's any graphical/easy_to_setup solution out there ...
6
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1answer
730 views

How to lock mouse and keyboard under Wayland

Pyxtrlock is a program to lock a workstation while still displaying the screen. That is, keyboard and mouse can not be used until a password is typed on the keyboard, but the contents of the display ...
5
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3answers
2k views

What is keeping Wayland from overthrowing X in Linux? [closed]

Everyone agrees that Wayland is better than X11 for your usual desktop. Why is X then used by every major distro? Is it bugs, little compatibility from apps (is that even an issue?) or something else?
5
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4answers
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Is it possible to completely turn off nvidia GPU to be able to run wayland?

I'm about to buy a new laptop that is being used with Linux only. Unfortunately finding a Linux laptop is not simple at all, and it seems the only option I found includes a nvidia Quadro M1200 and an ...
5
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2answers
4k views

Restarting Gnome Shell 3.28.1 on Fedora 28

Running newer versions of Gnome (on Wayland), you can't restart the shell with Alt+F2, entering r & then Enter - which used to restart the shell without logging the user out of the session. More ...
5
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2answers
3k views

Keyboard Layout with Sway on Fedora (Wayland)

I have recently installed Fedora 27 which I find quite nice, I like the Gnome Desktop, but for working I definitely prefer a tiling window manager. I would like to use Sway because I was using i3 ...
5
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2answers
1k views

How to disable Internal Keyboard on Fedora 26 (Wayland)?

I installed Fedora 26 and noticed that the Internal keyboard is behaving a bit weird. Keys are getting pressed all the time. I use an external keyboard, so I can do without the built-in one. P.S : ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

How do I see the logs for the Xwayland server started by Gnome?

I am using Fedora Workstation 27. Specifically, gnome-session-3.26.1-1.fc27.x86_64. I know that Xwayland only serves X11 applications, while native Wayland apps are served directly by gnome-shell. ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Enable scrolling with trackpoint+middleclick on wayland

I installed Fedora 25 on my Thinkpad E470 and the Trackpoint works well. But I cannot use the middle button (the button between left and right mouse click) to scroll. Referring to this source it ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

Setting environment variables for Gnome on Wayland session only

I'm testing GNOME 3.14 on Wayland on ArchLinux and I would also like to test GTK+ on Wayland. To do so, I can set the following two env variables from terminal export GDK_BACKEND=wayland ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

libinput-gestures two-finger swipe?

I run arch on a macbook, still dual-booting into macos from time to time. The hardest thing I've hade to re-train muscle memory wise is the "swipe right to go back in the browser"-feature from macos. ...
5
votes
1answer
653 views

How to lock screen on lid closing using systemd?

I am running Sway on Fedora 26 and want my laptop to be locked when I close my screen. I changed HandleLidSwitch to lock in /etc/systemd/logind.conf and ran systemctl restart systemd-logind after that....
4
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2answers
7k views

Linux distro running entirely on Wayland (no X11)?

As of 2017, is there a distro that doesn't have X11 server installed and instead uses Wayland? I don't want to boot into text-mode, I want to boot into graphical mode without X11.
4
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3answers
12k views

Gnome defaults to wayland; how can I go to back to X11? [closed]

I updated Gnome to the newest version and I realized that wayland has been installed as the default window manager. I have many problems with it, so how do I go to back to X11? I'm using Arch. //...
4
votes
1answer
7k views

Cannot enable HiDPI from Gnome Tweak Tool?

In past Fedora releases, the Gnome Tweak Tool can be used to turn on HiDPI for Retina displays. However, I found the option missing in Fedora 27 (at least for the beta version I’m using, but it doesn’...
4
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1answer
2k views

How to set device-specific mouse settings in Wayland under Libinput (Debian Gnome)?

I am running a Thinkpad T470. I often dock this, meaning I have 3 mouse input devices (external Microsoft mouse, Trackpoint, and Trackpad). I'm running Debian 10 (Testing - Buster) using Gnome under ...
4
votes
1answer
5k views

Debian Stretch: How do I make Wayland the default?

I am running Debian Stretch 9.1 with GNOME 3 as the desktop environment and GDM for session management. I tried GNOME on Wayland from GDM (gear icon) and it works very well. I would now like to ...
4
votes
2answers
6k views

Fedora 25, Wayland, and HiDPI display

I just upgraded my ThinkPad T560 from Fedora 24 to Fedora 25. On Fedora 24, I used these commands: $ xrandr --output eDP-1 --scale 1.25x1.25 $ xrandr --output eDP-1 --panning 3600x2025 to set up ...
4
votes
1answer
4k views

How to configure gdm for login into a sway session?

I have installed sway window manager on Fedora 27. The system uses gdm as its login manager. But gdm does not provide sway for selection as the login session. Only Gnome, which is also installed on ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

How to reverse the direction of Touchpad two-finger scrolling in Wayland Gnome?

I cannot find anything in Settings > Mouse and Touchpad for the change. My X11 configs do not work here because I am using Wayland. OS: Linux Debian Stretch 9.1 Gnome: 3.22 Wayland: 1.12
4
votes
1answer
1k views

How to use Xfig on high DPI screen?

On a high DPI screen, lines in Xfig are very thin. Is it possible to scale the lines, or the entire Xfig UI? Note that I don't want to scale the entire desktop. Other application UIs are legible on ...
4
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1answer
340 views

Can I run wayland application in X?

Is there's wayland server running as X11 client? Like XWayland but reversed.
4
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3answers
6k views

How can I activate/configure a screensaver in Wayland/GNOME?

I am using Fedora 25 with Wayland and GNOME. How can I configure a screensaver? I assume xscreensaver does not work and I could install gnome-screensaver, but there is no configuration interface - or ...
4
votes
1answer
694 views

What is the equivalent of xset led 3?

I am using gnome on wayland on arch. I used to start my keyboards leds with xset led 3. How can this be accomplished while using wayland?
4
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1answer
223 views

How can I tell if a memory leak is in user space or kernel space?

I have a large multi-threaded open source application which uses proprietary OpenGL libraries, Wayland Weston, and a proprietary graphics driver in the Linux kernel. The drivers are currently under ...