Questions tagged [vim]

vim (Vi IMproved) is a text editor supporting different editing modes.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
165
votes
12answers
223k views

What is `^M` and how do I get rid of it?

When I open the file in Vim, I see strange ^M characters. Unfortunately, the world's favorite search engine does not do well with special characters in queries, so I'm asking here: What is this ^M ...
22
votes
2answers
7k views

why inode value changes when we edit in “vi” editor?

When I edit a file in "vi" editor the inode value of the file is changing. But when edited with cat command the inode value is not changing.
50
votes
3answers
51k views

tmux, TERM and 256 colours support

Introduction My question arises from the necessity of understanding why I have now (after multiple trials) Terminal and tmux supporting 256 colours and tput colors telling me there are only 8 of them....
27
votes
4answers
17k views

How to fix Ctrl + arrows in Vim?

I am using Putty -> Suse box -> vim 7.2 combo for editing and want to remap Ctrl + arrows combo to a particular task. But for some reason, Vim ignores the shortcut and goes into insert mode and ...
148
votes
8answers
146k views

Copy text from one tmux pane to another (using vim)

I have two files opened in vim, each in one tmux pane. I would like to copy let's say 10 lines from one file to another. How can I accomplish this not using the mouse's Copy -> Paste ?
19
votes
5answers
4k views

How to scroll large datafile while keeping header

Suppose I have some large datafile, which overflow the screen in both vertical and horizontal direction. How can I browse this file, while the header-lines stay on the screen? For the moment, I am ...
35
votes
4answers
9k views

How to invoke vim editor and pipe output to bash

Sometimes I need to write text and then pipe that text into another command. My usual workflow goes something like this: vim # I edit and save my file as file.txt cat file.txt | pandoc -o file.pdf # ...
32
votes
2answers
21k views

What is meant by a shell is in “vi” mode or “emacs” mode?

This question follows directly from the answer. In this case I am specifically unable to understand the part which says: In that regard, its behaviour is closer to emacs' than with bash(readline)/...
36
votes
4answers
20k views

Why do Vim colors look different inside and outside of tmux?

Environment: Fedora 25 (4.9.12-200.fc25.x86_64) GNOME Terminal 3.22.1 Using VTE version 0.46.1 +GNUTLS VIM - Vi IMproved 8.0 (2016 Sep 12, compiled Feb 22 2017 16:26:11) tmux 2.2 I recently started ...
14
votes
4answers
4k views

vim: create file with +x bit

Is there any way to set +x bit on script while creating? For example I run: vim -some_option_to_make_file_executable script.sh and after saving I can run file without any additional movings. ps. I ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

What does the '!' really do when it's added to an ex command (:wq! | :w! | :q! )?

I understand that it means force to do something. When doing $ vim -R file I enter in read-only mode, but this works as preventive mode only -R Readonly mode. The 'readonly' option will be set ...
72
votes
5answers
19k views

Becoming root from inside Vim

Sometimes I start editing configuration files in /etc using Vim, but forget to use sudo to start Vim. The inevitable result then is that after finishing my edits I encounter the dreaded notice that I ...
48
votes
4answers
32k views

less command and syntax highlighting

I need to use the less command with the syntax highlighting of the vim command for python, C, bash and other languages. How do I apply syntax highlighting colors according to vim colors for less ...
39
votes
3answers
3k views

How does vim steal root owned files?

Witness the following: sh-3.2$ mkdir testcase sh-3.2$ cd testcase sh-3.2$ sudo touch temp sh-3.2$ ls -al total 0 drwxr-xr-x 3 glen staff 102 19 Dec 12:38 . drwxr-xr-x 12 glen staff 408 19 Dec ...
46
votes
6answers
15k views

Replacing Multiple blank lines with a single blank line in vim / sed

Question more or less says it all. I'm aware that /^$/d will remove all blank lines, but I can't see how to say 'replace two or more blank lines with a single blank line' Any ideas?
21
votes
9answers
17k views

Commenting out multiple lines of code, specified by line numbers, using vi or vim

I have learned from this Stack Overflow question that it is possible to use vi/vim to comment out a specified range of line numbers. For example, suppose I have the following bash script: #!/bin/...
13
votes
2answers
12k views

Can vim display ASCII characters only, and treat other bytes as binary data?

I already know vim -b, however, depending on the locale used, it displays multi-byte characters (like UTF-8) as single letters. How can I ask vim to only display ASCII printable characters, and ...
19
votes
4answers
11k views

How to get vim to work with tmux properly?

I'm trying to figure out how to get vim and tmux play together. My problem is: When I use xterm-256color I get vim to work nicely, but the background doesn't render properly. I fixed this by using ...
14
votes
1answer
7k views

Why is vim frozen?

I have two different machines (home and work) running Ubuntu 18.04. Last night vim froze at home. I was in insert mode and typing and went to save (esc :w) and nothing happened. The status bar still ...
13
votes
2answers
6k views

Best way to upgrade vim/gvim to 7.3 in Ubuntu 10.04?

I have to use Ubuntu 10.04 at work, and can't upgrade it. I'm using Vim/gVim 7.2. I want to upgrade it to 7.3 (with Python and Ruby extension support). Which is the best way? Add an entry in sources....
3
votes
0answers
376 views

How to use `gnome-terminal` with new client/server architecture as wrapper?

Anyone knows how to accommodate for new gnome-terminal-server magic? Before gnome-terminal got its new "client/server" architecture I used to use it as vim wrapper with great success for many years. ...
377
votes
3answers
219k views

refresh changed content of file opened in vi(m)

I have a config-file that I keep open in vim, but that sometimes gets changed on disk, without these changes being reflected on the terminal. Can I refresh the content on the screen without closing ...
331
votes
2answers
198k views

Ctrl-s hang terminal emulator?

I came across a sentence in vimdoc: Note: CTRL-S does not work on all terminals and might block further input, use CTRL-Q to get going again. and this key indeed hangs my vim. I was ...
178
votes
11answers
228k views

How can I edit multiple files in VIM?

I know I can open multiple files with vim by doing something like vim 2011-12*.log, but how can I switch between files and close the files one at a time? Also, how can I tell the file name of the ...
91
votes
11answers
120k views

How to copy text from vim to an external program?

I'm trying to copy-paste some text from vim. I'm doing v to enter visual mode, then y once I selected my block. It appears to copy the text into vim's clipboard, because p will paste it. But in ...
90
votes
6answers
56k views

How do I remotely edit files via ssh?

I have to edit some files placed on some server I could reach via ssh. I would prefer to edit these files in customized vim on my workstation (I have not rights to change vim settings on remote ...
112
votes
2answers
10k views

Is Vim immune to copy-paste attack?

You should never paste from web to your terminal. Instead, you should paste to your text editor, check the command and then paste to the terminal. That's OK, but what if Vim is my text editor? Could ...
74
votes
7answers
12k views

How many shells deep I am?

Problem: Find how many shells deep I am. Details: I open the shell from vim a lot. Build and run and exit. Sometimes I forget and open another vim inside and then yet another shell. :( I want to ...
66
votes
9answers
31k views

How to find out which file is currently opened in vim?

This may sound trivial but, on more than one occasion, I have found myself having forgotten which file in vim I have open (e.g. when I am looking through different log files and such) and the only way ...
62
votes
3answers
40k views

How to make Vim display colors as indicated by color codes?

In short, I'm in an effort to replace less with vim (vimpager). I have settings for scripts to spit out colors (and bold and everything nice) whenever they can. less understands the color codes and ...
40
votes
4answers
49k views

Vim - how to replace one new line \n with two \n's

In vim editor, I want to replace a newline character (\n) with two new line characters (\n\n) using vim command mode. Input file content: This is my first line. This is second line. Command that I ...
23
votes
3answers
16k views

How to automatically strip trailing spaces on save in Vi and Vim?

Is there a .vimrc setting to automatically remove trailing whitespace when saving a file? Ideally (to be safe) I would like to only have this functionality for certain files, e.g. *.rb
19
votes
1answer
5k views

tmux, Vim and Solarized

Premises Browsing around tmux, Vim and Solarized I can find lots of complains about 256 colours and "user experience". Well, I'm having the opposite "problem", i.e. Vim works well with a full ...
13
votes
4answers
18k views

Vim :s replace first N < g occurrences on a line

In vim, I sometimes have occasion to replace the first few occurrences of a match on a line, but not every one like g would. e.g.: a a a a a to b b b a a I know I could use :s/a/b/[enter]:[up][...
11
votes
3answers
2k views

How to do a text replacement in a big folder hierarchy?

I want to search and replace some text in a large set of files excluding some instances. For each line, I want a prompt asking me if I need to replace that line or not. Something similar to vim's :%s/...
34
votes
4answers
79k views

What causes swap files to be created?

As part of the program I wrote, I constantly read and write data from files. I noticed that as part of doing so, I am inadvertently creating swap .swp files. What do you think is going on? What would ...
21
votes
8answers
16k views

Preserve modified time stamp after edit

For files within a specific folder, I would like vim to never touch "modified" timestamp at all. The background is that I use Bloxsom for blogging, which uses plain text files in ~/bloxsom as source ...
18
votes
9answers
29k views

Compiling code from vim

New to vim and and I want to be able to compile code from within vim without running a new terminal and calling the compiler. How do I go about doing this? Note that this requirement is not ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

Stop vim pasting selections as text!

I have been using VI and VIM for years (30 or more) (in xterms, not its own window, gvim) and I have a huge library of vim commands that I give vim using the mouse middle button as a selection. For ...
6
votes
5answers
5k views

Vim: copy, then paste more than once

I use the highlight mode in vim to copy a few characters. I then want to paste more than once. My current technique does not work well. Sample text: Linux Solaris Irix HP-UX Suppose I want to copy ...
8
votes
3answers
18k views

“No protocol specified” when running vim with sudo

Recently I start to get "No protocol specified" when using sudo vim. It's just a warning I guess, because everything was working normally (I can open, edit and save files). The message doesn't appear ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Neither `less` or `less -X` clear screen on exit

Neither less or less -X clear screen on exit. At the same time, vim does.... Env iTerm2, protocol mosh, server Centos + tmux + zsh iTerm2: report term as xterm-256color tmux: set -g terminal-...
16
votes
2answers
7k views

What happens if I use vi on large files?

Though we were instructed not to, a colleague of mine used vi to view a large text file (server.log 3.5 GB). This filled up /var/tmp and caused some problems on the server. What caused this? Why ...
16
votes
3answers
8k views

Match word containing characters beyond a-zA-Z

To match a word one can use \v(\w+) From the vim help :h \w: \w word character: [0-9A-Za-z_] This works exactly as described in the manual. However, I want to match words that contain characters ...
13
votes
1answer
5k views

Type from right to left

Is there a command to make Vim type from right to left? If not us any one aware of this plugin?
12
votes
3answers
5k views

How to allow Page Up in GNU Screen?

I use Vim to edit text files on Linux. Commonly I connect to remote Linux machines using PuTTY from Windows. I use GNU Screen commonly as well. When using Vim inside Screen I am unable to use the ...
8
votes
2answers
4k views

Exiting block insert mode with Ctrl-C

In vim, if you are in block insert mode (Ctrl-V, Shift-I) and exit using Ctrl-C (instead of Esc), it cancels the block edit (and only edits the first row). Why is this? In almost all other contexts, ...
8
votes
3answers
4k views

Any way to provide a separate vimrc file just for 1 session

I would like to know, if there is a way in vim/vi to provide a different vimrc file. I am looking at managing 2 different vimrc files. For the contents I checkout/checkin in version control I want to ...
5
votes
6answers
2k views

vi shows as vim

When I type vi into a terminal it shows the following display: Note that it says vim not vi, I'm sure I haven't downloaded vim yet and that this is actually vi not vim: for example the arrow keys ...
3
votes
3answers
409 views

sed regular expression behaving differently than in vim and perl?

Here's a sample 'test.txt' abcdX1yad45das abcdX2fad45das abcdX3had45das abcdX4wad45das abcdX5mad45das sample desired output: X1yad X2fad X3had X4wad X5mad I could get it working in vim with: :% s/...