Questions tagged [utilities]

small programs used on the command line to do a specific job

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4
votes
2answers
2k views

Where can I find some good documentation for bash printf?

man printf, info printf and printf --help are all pretty useless to me; I want an explanation of the FORMAT options. For example, I could use: printf '%s\n' foo bar and get output: foo bar From ...
4
votes
5answers
325 views

Standard unix util to split “foo.bar.baz” into “foo.bar” + “.baz”?

I want to split a string $basename, containing the output in two parts, $stem and $ext, such that: the string "${stem}${ext}" is identical to the original string $basename; either $stem or $ext may ...
0
votes
1answer
704 views

wc - setting a terminating character

I've got that far: wc --files0-from=FILE lets one get the word count of a list of files. Each entry in this list mus be terminated with an ASCII NUL character. Question: A way to set a terminating ...
1
vote
4answers
2k views

crash shell: any way to check if a command executed Successfully

I'm automating a test using crash package. Is there some thing like $?, which can be used to check if the previous command executed successfully or not inside a crash shell? For example, when ...
2
votes
1answer
516 views

Is there a text-only equivalent (no curses) of `zenity --question`?

For my mercurial commit hook, I want to run my test cases and be asked whether I really want to commit if any of the tests fail. I'm thinking something like <run-the-tests> || <ask-yes-no>...
1
vote
1answer
444 views

Is Mac OS X really SUS compliant?

Internet says that Mac OS X 10.8 has achieved certification to The Open Group UNIX® 03 standard and that it is a compliant system. But a simple test with echo seems to indicate otherwise:  a) The ...
1
vote
1answer
917 views

Install vmware-tools using yum in vmware fusion

I added vmware-tools repo [1] to my virtual CentOS box. What is the exact set of packages I have to install? The rationale is to be able to update vmware-tools using yum. Environment: Host OS: Mac ...
1
vote
1answer
5k views

using tr -t command [comprehension question]

When using tr -t command, string1 should be truncated to the length of string2, right? tr -t abcdefghijklmn 123 # abc... = string1, 123 = string2 the cellar is the safest place # actual ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

tac command's option creates strange output [comprehension question]

Say I have this file, containing nothing but a b c b a Using tac --separator=a file in BASH [on a Debian based Linux], I get this: # empty line # empty line b c ...
19
votes
3answers
3k views

Universal extractors

With an increasing number of archive/compression file formats, is there a single free/open-source command line tool to rule them all? Perhaps something with a consistent / unified set of flags? (note ...
1
vote
3answers
6k views

How to check which process is using a given file descriptor?

Somewhere in the middle of my application, the framework I'm using (ROOT) gives me the following error: *** Break *** write on a pipe with no one to read it SysError in <TUnixSystem::UnixSend>:...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

ASCII art generator

I'm looking for an ASCII art generator (text is preferred, but images will do too) in the sl style, but with text instead of trains. Any suggestion?
4
votes
1answer
147 views

Determine monthly internet transfer to detect right FUP

I live in a country where many ISP (internet service providers) have FUP (fair use policy, limit on amount of data transferred). I need to get a new connection and I would like to measure how much ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

Decomposition of path specs into longest-common-prefix + suffix

Given any two absolute Unix path specs1, one could decompose each spec as the concatenation of a longest common prefix and a specific suffix. E.g., /abc/bcd/cdf -> /abc/bcd + cdf /abc/bcd/chi/...
1
vote
1answer
724 views

lspci machine-readable format (-vmm) does not show a kernel Module/Driver line

I briefly read the manual of lspci, where I found out that there is a machine-readable format lspci output using "-m" or "-mm" or "-vmm". I need to print out the device name, the device id and the ...
1
vote
1answer
594 views

Is expect tool availabe for ARM platform

I need to get expect (tool for automating interactive applications) for the ARM platform. Is it a readily cross compiled to ARM and is it available? I tried googling but was unable to get the ...
4
votes
0answers
1k views

Are there any tools to test MTD/JFFS2 for Linux 2.4 kernels

I have some issues with a platform I support and I suspect memory problems. I wanted to check the Flash parts using some MTD JFFS2 test tools, I found a link to a bunch on this site. However they ...
4
votes
1answer
5k views

Where does the “export” command come from?

Why doesn't the whereis command give any information about the export command? How does the export command work even if the shell path variable is set to null?
15
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4answers
42k views

touch: cannot touch file: No such file or directory [duplicate]

I am getting the error: touch: cannot touch `/opt/tsrm/compliance/cme/log/20121207.log`: No such file or directory on the touch command: touch $LOGFILE I also checked the link: touch: cannot touch ...
2
votes
1answer
226 views

How to change the current directory graphically using the keyboard only?

There was a program named NCD (Norton Change Directory) a few years ago that did a good job at helping me change directory back in the DOS days. This programs displayed a tree, and you could navigate ...
2
votes
2answers
481 views

Is there a good FOSS utility for converting machine code to assembly or even C?

If I buy a piece of x86 32-bit or 64-bit software but I don't receive the source code, and I need to modify the software, I'll need to convert the machine code back into a high level language or at ...
22
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2answers
19k views

Does hexdump respect the endianness of its system?

On my machine I get the following output when I run these commands: $ echo foos > myfile $ hexdump myfile 6f66 736f 000a The output from hexdump is little-endian. Does this mean that my machine ...
26
votes
4answers
21k views

I try to add passwords to the “pass” password manager. But my attempts fail with “no public key” GPG errors. Why?

I am trying to install Pass: the standard Unix password manager, however, when I try to add passwords to the appliation I get these errors gpg: Kelly's Passwords: skipped: No public key gpg: [stdin]: ...
14
votes
1answer
2k views

Understanding the output of the `who -a` command

I am asking this question because, while there are many answers on the internet showing that who -a is an option, nobody explains how to read the output. If you could provide a link to an online site ...
29
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4answers
5k views

Can a file that was originally sparse and then expanded be made sparse again?

I know that copying or transferring what was originally a sparse file without using a utility that understands sparse files will cause the 'holes' to be filled out. Is there a method or utility to ...
1
vote
2answers
624 views

Clear the screen and show a banner

I need a text banner on a screen which is projected all the time. The screen is connected to a PC with tmux on it. Example of text "banners": figlet $(fortune) or toilet "$(cowsay $(fortune))" ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Change Directory and List Files [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Make cd automatically ls I think that it would be very useful to have a unix utility that combines 'cd' and 'ls' so that when you change your directory, it automatically lists ...
245
votes
3answers
128k views

What is the difference between curl and wget?

I am keen to know the difference between curl and wget. Both are used to get files and documents but what the key difference between them. Why are there two different programs?
3
votes
3answers
706 views

Are there any utilities to quickly add, list and remove command aliases?

I'd like to be able to quickly, on-the-fly add (and list/remove) command aliases so that they persist between shell restarts (as if they were added to .bashrc). Are there any ready utilities/scripts/...
3
votes
2answers
255 views

Peer to peer~ish LAN storage

I have a distributed application that consists in a main CMS server where "human" users can upload videos, pictures (media content, basically) and a bunch of "players" that play those videos or ...
13
votes
3answers
12k views

Are there alternatives for `dd`?

What other tools should I use to read and write files with truncation, seeking and skipping. dd's command line options seem inconvenient and foreign and I don't like choosing between slow, but precise ...
8
votes
4answers
15k views

cp or rsync, is cp really worth it?

I hope this does not count as a question without a real answer, as I can't seem to find a good reason to use cp(1) over rsync(1) in virtually all circumstances. Should one typically favour rsync over ...
88
votes
15answers
41k views

A standard tool to convert a byte-count into human KiB MiB etc; like du, ls1

Is there a standard tool which converts an integer count of Bytes into a human-readable count of the largest possible unit-size, while keeping the numeric value between 1.00 and 1023.99 ? I have my ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Monitor directory and if a file is requested then rsync on demand

Is there a tool that monitors a certain directory and if a program tries to access a file in that directory, the program loads that file from another place transparently for any application that tries ...
3
votes
2answers
4k views

Phrase Express Equivalent for Linux?

Is there some sort of auto text-insertion program with macros, similar to PhraseExpress for Windows in Linux? In case you've never seen this application it offers the following features: Organize ...
4
votes
2answers
5k views

How to change the default line length for od and hexdump

Is there any way to change the default line length for the od and hexdump commands? Can't see anything apropriate in the man pages.
0
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3answers
209 views

CLI & Markup language

I often find myself editing files for my personal use that are plaintext. Either those are notes, annotations in project directories or sometimes the output of programs that I annotate. However, ...
3
votes
2answers
29k views

List of available command options?

I'm currently setting up my first web server without a control panel and so far things are going pretty good! I was just wondering if anyone could direct me to somewhere that explains all of the ...
1
vote
3answers
367 views

line count on all the PHP scripts within my webroot with wc

How can I do a line count on all the PHP scripts within my webroot? I am trying something like this below to no avail: wc -l *.php
11
votes
2answers
4k views

Alternative to watch which support colors

I have a command (phpunit) which has a colored output. According to the watch, command I should be able to use the --color flag to allow color rendering to pass through. However, this isn't working. ...
2
votes
4answers
705 views

xsel < /tmp/xselection not working in script

I'm trying to use the following script: #!/usr/bin/env bash # Edit xselection in gvim xsel > /tmp/xselection gvim /tmp/xselection xsel < /tmp/xselection But the final line does not seem to be ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

Why doesn't uname -a return a useful identifier

I typed the command uname -a into my college's server and got this: 2.6.18-274.3.1.el5 #1 SMP Tue Sep 6 20:14:03 EDT 2011 i686 i686 i386 GNU/Linux Are they trying to hide the version of Linux that ...
68
votes
4answers
25k views

Fix or alternative for mktemp in OS X

I'm looking at a bash script someone else wrote that uses mktemp: TEMP=`mktemp --directory` However, this line does not work on my machine (OS X 10.6). How would I fix this line so that it is cross-...
23
votes
4answers
2k views

Are Linux utilities smart when running piped commands?

I was just running a few commands in a terminal and I started wondering, does Unix/Linux take shortcuts when running piped commands? For example, let's say I have a file with one million lines, the ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Interactive tree command

Is there any version of tree command that displays file structure as a tree structure, but in a way that I can interactively walk trough? Why do I need it exactly - I am trying to simulate TextMate ...
9
votes
3answers
15k views

file block size - difference between stat and ls

I've noticed that when I do a: ls -ls file It provides block count, say 8 blocks. When I do: stat file I notice that the block count is 16, twice the number given by ls. The block size on my ...
13
votes
2answers
552 views

`test` and `[` - different binaries, any difference?

I noticed while answering another question that test and [ are different binaries, but the [ manpage pulls up test's. Besides the requirement for an ending ], is there any difference? If not, why are ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

Listing a hardrive partition by blocks using LBA

Most hard drive and partition inspection tools seem to list the items using sectors, head.. etc. From another question I was told that these are virtual because they have to be converted from lba, ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

How to plot the output of a command

How can I plot the output of this command line with GNUPlot? What should the diagram script look like? I want a histogram. wget -O - -o /dev/null http://www.stackoverflow.com/ | cat | cat | sed "s/&...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

Set alignment of numeric columns when columnating data

I use column -t to format data for easy viewing in the shell, but there seems to be no option to specify column alignment (e.g. align to the right). Any Bash one-liners to do it? I have arbitrary ...