Questions tagged [ubuntu]

Please don't use this tag just because your system is running Ubuntu. Use it _only_ if your question is somehow specific to Ubuntu only. Note that https://askubuntu.com is specifically dedicated to Ubuntu questions.

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73
votes
2answers
94k views

How do I run 32-bit programs on a 64-bit Debian/Ubuntu?

I have a 64-bit (amd64 a.k.a. x86_64) Debian or Ubuntu installation. I need to run 32-bit (i386/i686) programs occasionally, or to compile programs for a 32-bit system. How can I do this with a ...
86
votes
3answers
386k views

SSH login with clear text password as a parameter? [duplicate]

I need to login to a user that I've created on a remote host running Ubuntu. I can't use an ssh key because the ssh login will happen from a bash script ran within a server that I won't have access to ...
53
votes
8answers
27k views

Run script on screen lock/unlock

I'd like to run a screen if the Gnome session is locked and unlocked. Is there a way that I can intercept this and perform certain actions when the desktop is locked or unlocked?
4
votes
2answers
12k views

init.d script not being run on boot

My script is not running on boot in a vagrant box under Ubuntu. My script looks like this - #!/bin/bash # /etc/init.d/mailcatcher ### BEGIN INIT INFO # Provides: scriptname # Required-Start: $...
5
votes
3answers
8k views

Ways to update Ubuntu (debian-based distros) offline

What is the easiest way to update/upgrade an offline Ubuntu machine with the help of a Windows machine that has internet access? This question also applies to installing new packages offline and not ...
268
votes
16answers
812k views

How do I set my DNS when resolv.conf is being overwritten?

Most of the info I see online says to edit /etc/resolv.conf, but any changes I make there just get overridden. $ cat /etc/resolv.conf # Dynamic resolv.conf(5) file for glibc resolver(3) generated by ...
70
votes
3answers
65k views

What does adduser do that useradd doesn't?

In addition to the more widespread useradd, Debian based systems also contain an additional adduser command which provides a higher level interface for adding users and some related tasks. There are ...
4
votes
4answers
8k views

How to recover a file just deleted [duplicate]

I just deleted a file in Nautilus with Shift+Delete, which warned me that "If you delete an item, it will be permanently lost." I wonder if there is no way to recover the file? My OS is Ubuntu 10.10.
2
votes
1answer
5k views

How to start 2FA-using OpenVPN with systemd?

I have openvpn config that users 2 factor authentication. If I start it manually, by running: /usr/sbin/openvpn --writepid /run/whatever --cd /etc/openvpn/ --config /etc/openvpn/work.conf it asks ...
9
votes
2answers
4k views

Is it possible to install a linux desktop environment from a live cd?

My question is about Linux in general but lets suppose my ubuntu isn't working property, booting in tty or whatever. I have no internet connection but I have ubuntu live cd. Is it possible to ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

SSH tunnel through middleman server - how to connect in one step (using key pair)?

My question is basically how to turn my existing two steps into one step. I have a working SSH tunnel set up between two computers using a middleman server like this: Kubuntu_laptop--->nat_fw---&...
0
votes
2answers
604 views

systemd cannot find PID file after YAJSW wrapper startup

I have a systemd startup script for a forking service (let's call it foo) based on YAJSW (Yet Another Java Service Wrapper). The relevant part of the .service file looks like this: ExecStart=/opt/foo/...
25
votes
8answers
88k views

How do I work with GUI tools over a remote server?

I have an Ubuntu server running on EC2 (which I didn't install myself, just picked up an AMI). So far I'm using putty to work with it, but I am wondering how to work on it with GUI tools (I'm not ...
13
votes
2answers
11k views

Are driver modules loaded and unloaded automatically?

On Ubuntu 14.04, I found that when I don't plug in my external wireless adapter, its module rt2800usb is still shown in lsmod. when does automatically loading a driver module happen? Is it when the ...
7
votes
2answers
777 views

Is there a command that outputs ONLY the packages explicitly installed by the user? (ubuntu/debian)

I have tried searching for this but there seems to be no command that can output a list of packages (ideally in Ubuntu) that I have installed, not including any dependencies.
24
votes
4answers
32k views

How to execute a shellscript when I plug-in a USB-device

I want to execute a script when I plug in a device in my Linux machine. For example, run xinput on mouse or a backupscript on a certain drive. I have seen a lot of articles on this, most recently ...
24
votes
2answers
317k views

Recovering from 'grub rescue>' crash [closed]

Originally posted to AskUbuntu.com ... AskUbuntu has adopted a policy of closing questions about EOL (End Of Life) versions. There's a vocal contingent to remove them as well. To prevent ...
15
votes
4answers
44k views

Ubuntu Server Continuously “goes to sleep”

I am running a web server at home using Ubuntu 11.4 (maybe? I can't 100% recall) on an older AMD 2400+ desktop with 1 or 2 GB of RAM. Sorry I can't recall the details 100%. Anyway, I have a KVM ...
43
votes
1answer
13k views

What is $debian_chroot in .bashrc?

What is the debian_chroot variable in my bashrc file? and what is it doing here? PS1='${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)}\u@\h:\w\$ '
24
votes
1answer
13k views

What does a kernel source tree contain? Is this related to Linux kernel headers?

In books, I typically read references to the Linux Source Tree at /usr/src/linux with the usual set of subdirectories (arch, block, crypto, ...). I was expecting this tree to contain the binary files ...
6
votes
5answers
9k views

What is a symbolic link made from? Understanding the structure of symlinks

I use Ubuntu 15.10 and I'm very new in Linux. After reading in Wikipedia what is a symbolic link in general, and after executing a symlink creation command in the Ubuntu Unix-bash terminal, I ought to ...
144
votes
5answers
184k views

How can I update to a newer version of Git using apt-get?

I've just set up a new machine with Ubuntu Oneiric 11.10 and then run apt-get update apt-get upgrade apt-get install git Now if I run git --version it tells me I have git version 1.7.5.4 but on my ...
53
votes
10answers
27k views

List explicitly installed packages

In Gentoo there is the file /var/lib/portage/world that contains packages that I explicitly installed. By explicit I mean, packages that I choose, not including anything installed by default, or ...
68
votes
7answers
99k views

rsync all files of remote machine over SSH without root user?

I have this command to backup a remote machine. The problem is that I need root rights to read and copy all files. I have no root user enabled for security reasons and use sudo the Ubuntu way. Would I ...
51
votes
2answers
290k views

How to recover files I deleted now by running rm *? [duplicate]

By mistake I ran rm * on the current directory where I created many c program files. I had been working on these since morning. Now I can't take out again the time that I spent since morning on ...
66
votes
18answers
15k views

Root access that can't change root password?

We are having a little problem on a server. We want that some users should be able to do e.g. sudo and become root, but with the restriction that the user can't change root password. That is, a ...
78
votes
8answers
381k views

“Input/output error” when accessing a directory

I want to list and remove the content of a directory on a removable hard drive. But I have experienced "Input/output error": $ rm pic -R rm: cannot remove `pic/60.jpg': Input/output error rm: cannot ...
24
votes
3answers
214k views

How to fix boot into initramfs prompt and “mount: can't read '/etc/fstab': No such file or directory” and “No init found”?

Installing a new system using a GPT partitioned disk dedicated to a single partition, ext4 formatted, extlinux (version 4.05) as bootloader, Ubuntu Core version 13.10 amd64 as rootfs, and Ubuntu linux-...
33
votes
5answers
29k views

How is sudo set to not change $HOME in Ubuntu and how to disable this behavior?

On Ubuntu 12.04, when I sudo -s the $HOME variable is not changed, so if my regular user is regularuser, the situation goes like this: $ cd $ pwd /home/regularuser $ sudo -s # cd # pwd /home/...
24
votes
3answers
29k views

l, ls & la — what are the differences, and are there more of these commands?

So, through typing several commands I've found that there's not only ls, but l and la too. There doesn't appear to be any man entries on Ubuntu 12.14. They all appear to do similar things with minor ...
18
votes
2answers
8k views

How to implement package install suggestion on Debian?

I have noticed that while on Ubuntu, if I type the following: mc and it isn't installed, I get the message below: The program 'mc' is currently not installed. You can install it by typing: sudo apt-...
16
votes
1answer
12k views

How to launch an application with default “terminal emulator” on Ubuntu?

I wanted to execute some command in terminal emulator, like Konsole, but I need to make this cross-desktop. Is there some command like xdg-open, but for getting the default terminal emulator? I'm ...
14
votes
1answer
8k views

Installing two glibc alongside in debian/ubuntu

Is it possible to install and use two different glibc versions on the same machine. Where one version is only used to run legacy software, which relies on old glibc binaries? Is it possible to do ...
9
votes
4answers
8k views

How do I migrate configuration between computers with different hardware?

I want to migrate the configuration of an Ubuntu desktop to a new box with different hardware. What is the easiest way to do this? /etc/ contains machine and hardware specific settings so I can't just ...
7
votes
2answers
5k views

Why is screen seemingly doing nothing with commands passed with -X?

I've been trying to set up an automated backup system for a minecraft server, and I'm having trouble with screen, specifically when using 'screen -r sessionname -X "/var/minecraft/somebatchfile"', ...
13
votes
3answers
5k views

Why won't my xmodmap command run on startup/login?

I want to run this command every time I log in (or every time I start up, if that doesn't work): xmodmap -e 'keysym Delete = Menu' -e 'keysym Menu = Delete' I've tried many things. I put the command ...
10
votes
2answers
19k views

How do I prevent GRUB from using/starting any graphical UI?

I have a problem with an older Laptop (Fujitsu Siemens LifeBook S6010, to be precise) and an Ubuntu (10.10, Xubuntu desktop) installation (fresh install). During installation the graphics hardware ...
6
votes
2answers
9k views

Howto find my xorg.conf. Where is it?

I can't find my xorg.conf. There is no xorg.conf file by default in Ubuntu 11.04. If I run: "whereis xorg.conf" I am seeing: xorg: /usr/lib/xorg /usr/lib64/xorg /usr/include/xorg may be I just can ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Debugging Java program for changing timezone configuration file on Ubuntu

Here is a ruby script I wrote to change the timezone configuration on Ubuntu. I run it with jruby (a Ruby interpreter running in a JVM). require 'java' if ARGV.length == 0 puts "Usage: jruby ...
1
vote
1answer
24k views

realtek RTL8811AU wifi adaptor working on XUbuntu [closed]

I am setting up a pc running XUbuntu and so far it is going pretty well. I am having issues getting wifi working though. Initially I tried with my existing Netgear A6200 but was told that basically ...
0
votes
0answers
68 views

How shall I split a partition containing `/` and `/home` into two logical volumes? [duplicate]

I have a laptop running Lubuntu 18.04, with a single hard drive as a bootable disk, and two partitions on it: EFI System Partition and a bigger partition contains everything else (e.g. / an /home). $...
60
votes
14answers
309k views

mount.nfs: access denied by server while mounting on Ubuntu machines?

I have three machines in production - machineA 10.66.136.129 machineB 10.66.138.181 machineC 10.66.138.183 and all those machines have Ubuntu 12.04 installed in it and I have root access ...
36
votes
2answers
21k views

What's the difference between /usr/lib/systemd/system and /etc/systemd/system?

Before all the unit files were in /etc/systemd/system/ but now some are showing up in /usr/lib/systemd/system (<- on CentOS, or /lib/systemd/system <- on Debian/Ubuntu), what is the difference ...
24
votes
5answers
10k views

How do I make my laptop sleep when it reaches some low battery threshold?

I'm using Ubuntu, but I have i3 as my window manager instead of a desktop environment. When my battery reaches 0%, the computer will just abruptly shut down, no warning or anything. Is there a ...
50
votes
5answers
54k views

How to disable `apt-daily.service` on Ubuntu cloud VM image?

The Ubuntu 16.04 server VM image apparently starts the "apt-daily.service" every 12 hours or so; this service performs various APT-related tasks like refreshing the list of available packages, ...
41
votes
8answers
50k views

How can I play a sound when script execution is ready?

I am executing every now and then some python scripts which take quite long to execute. I execute them like this: $ time python MyScript.py How can I play a sound as soon as the execution of the ...
29
votes
2answers
36k views

What is the “/usr/local/src” folder meant for?

I wanted to put my work files (code) in /usr/local/src, but I think it's already a folder that has some other semantic meaning. What is that? Should I put source code there, or is there a better ...
23
votes
7answers
68k views

Ubuntu12.04: How to disable a daemon process at startup

I normally use service start/stop or initctl start/stop to start or stop a daemon process but now what I am looking for is to disable a daemon process from starting at startup example mysqld. ...
15
votes
4answers
101k views

How to mount/recover data on a disk that was part of a mdadm raid 1 on another machine?

Some background The disk itself was "worked on" by a friend and is said to be still intact, undamaged and still mountable/recoverable The disk was part of a software raid 1 on Ubuntu 12.04 The other ...
21
votes
3answers
54k views

How to fix intermittant “No space left on device” errors during mv when device has plenty of space?

Ubuntu 14.04 on a desktop Source Drive: /dev/sda1: 5TB ext4 single drive volume Target Volume: /dev/mapper/archive-lvarchive: raid6 (mdadm) 18TB volume with lvm partition and ext4 There are ...