Questions tagged [system-installation]

Use this tag for questions related to the initial installation of Unix-like operating systems. When installing extra software on a running system, use the "software-installation" tag.

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94
votes
15answers
86k views

How do I find how long ago a Linux system was installed?

How can I find the time since a Linux system was first installed, provided that nobody has tried to hide it?
77
votes
10answers
48k views

Is it good to make a separate partition for /boot?

I've seen some people make a separate partition for /boot. What is the benefit of doing this? What problems might I encounter in the future by doing this? Also, except for /home and /boot, which ...
47
votes
2answers
89k views

CentOS 6 “Default” Installation Options

Can someone tell me the difference between a Desktop Install, a Basic Server install, and a Minimal Install? During installation, it doesn't give a description and I can't find documentation on it ...
43
votes
12answers
72k views

Find out if the OS is running in a virtual environment [duplicate]

Is there any way to find out if the OS I'm running (actually installing) is running in a VMWare machine. I need to disable ntp settings if the automated install is done on a virtual machine but keep ...
30
votes
3answers
68k views

What is the “Bootable flag” option when installing a distro?

Is the "bootable flag" needed in today's distributions? If not, then why is it still in the installers? What is it exactly?
29
votes
2answers
179k views

How to create a bootable Debian USB drive using Windows

I am running Windows 10 and am starting to learn how to boot from USB devices. I have a 16GB USB (USB 3.0) drive and I want to do the following: Make the 16GB USB drive run Debian Linux. Keep ...
26
votes
4answers
7k views

Why is Perl installed by default with most Linux distributions?

Why is Perl installed by default with most Linux distributions?
25
votes
1answer
2k views

Pre-encryption wipe, why?

I wanted to know why, before encrypting and installing itself on the drive , Kali : wiped the whole drive filled the drive with 0s filled the drive with 1s filled the drive with Random data wiped the ...
24
votes
3answers
6k views

How to automate Linux server configuration?

Is there any way to automate Linux server configuration? I'm working on setting up a couple of new build servers, as well as an FTP server, and would like to automate as much of the process as ...
24
votes
3answers
214k views

How to fix boot into initramfs prompt and “mount: can't read '/etc/fstab': No such file or directory” and “No init found”?

Installing a new system using a GPT partitioned disk dedicated to a single partition, ext4 formatted, extlinux (version 4.05) as bootloader, Ubuntu Core version 13.10 amd64 as rootfs, and Ubuntu linux-...
22
votes
6answers
2k views

Can you install Linux on a Raspberry Pi without needing an HDMI-display?

I recently bought a Raspberry Pi 2, Model B. I am intending to mostly connect to it over the local WLAN or Ethernet, using a SSH connection from my main computer. However, right now I have a ...
21
votes
8answers
103k views

CentOS 7 Installation Failed

After hearing the news that CentOS 7 had been published, I decided to install it on my computer. I downloaded the ISO image from the CentOS official website (the one named CentOS-7.0-1406-x86_64-DVD....
20
votes
2answers
58k views

Installing Debian without GUI for a web server

I'm unfamiliar with Debian (obviously), so I downloaded the live ISO thinking it might help me out. From the live GUI, I doubled click on the install icon on the desktop and proceeded - it gave me a ...
18
votes
1answer
21k views

Swap partition in LVM?

I was wondering if putting the swap partition into a logical volume group has any drawbacks (e.g. performance), or would it be "just the same" as having it as a separate primary/logical partition? I ...
18
votes
9answers
6k views

How can I build a custom distribution for running a simple web browser?

We are assembling some lightweight machines with the express purpose of displaying a single web page over a large screen. I need the machine to essentially boot up as lightweight and as quickly as ...
18
votes
3answers
17k views

Find out exact installation time of CentOS

I installed CentOS on my laptop about 8 month ago, and I want to know when exactly I installed it , how can I do that in CentOS 6.4 ?
18
votes
1answer
26k views

How to mount multiple directories on the same partition?

I am installing an SSD and would like to put / on the SSD and /home, /var, and /tmp on the HDD. My current distro is Kubuntu but I would not mind trying another distro if this procedure can be ...
16
votes
3answers
7k views

Find filesystem of an unmounted partition from a script

I'm writing a custom automated install using AIF (Arch Installation Framework), and I need to find the filesystem on a partition given a partition. So far I have this: grok_partitions () { local ...
15
votes
2answers
44k views

Installation Step Failed (installing the system) - Kali Linux [closed]

I am trying to install Kali Linux on a Virtual Machine using Virtual Box on an OS X host. The only issue is I get this error: Here are logs of my errors: hardware-summary partman syslog I had my ...
15
votes
10answers
98k views

How to install CentOS 6 via USB mass storage device?

I want to install CentOS 6.2 on a laptop (Thinkpad R40) which comes without CD/DVD-drive but with USB 2.0 ports. It seems that CentOS does not provide ready-to-use dd-able USB images for installation....
13
votes
5answers
59k views

How to install Debian from USB? (Using full size image not netinstall)

I learned of a way to install Debian from USB using the netinstall image, which is fine. However it means I have to spend hours and hours downloading packages to do the install. Is there a way I can ...
13
votes
2answers
2k views

How do I install syslinux/extlinux to a disk image file without requiring root privileges

I have built a home-grown Linux distribution, and I can make the complete disk image file as a non-root user with one exception -- installing the boot loader. I'm using syslinux (actually extlinux), ...
13
votes
1answer
6k views

Move a Linux installation using btrfs on the default subvolume (subvolid=0) to another subvolume

When doing a installation to a root btrfs filesystem, many Linux distributions install to the default subvolume. If left unmodified, this layout will force any snapshots or subvolumes to be created ...
12
votes
6answers
3k views

Aggressively fsck a disk before install

I have an old HP Athlon machine I use for testing software under the old processor. We have frequent brown outs, and after the last one the disk was a mess. It was so bad I could not run fsck and ...
12
votes
5answers
35k views

Create a Bootable (UEFI GRUB) USB for Ubuntu & Windows 7 Install

I want to create a Bootable EFI USB to install Ubuntu & Windows 7 (maybe with utilities like PartedMagic). I did that using MultiSystem previously. However, I am using GPT and Windows install ...
12
votes
1answer
384 views

Partitioning done incorrectly?

Long story short, we had issues installing linux on this system. It magically decided to work, but now I'm unsure about the hard drive partitioning. One hard drive has linux installed on it and the ...
12
votes
3answers
774 views

First FreeBSD install. Is there anything I should know about differences between Linux and BSD?

I want to install FreeBSD today on a spare HDD I have lying around. I'd like to give it a trial run, learn a few things, and if it suits me I'll replace my current Ubuntu 10.10 'server/NAS/encoding ...
11
votes
1answer
10k views

Creating a bootable Linux installation USB without unetbootin

I want to install Scientific Linux from USB. I don't know why unetbootin doesn't work but I am not curious to find out: after all, I transferred to Linux from Windows to see and learn the underlying ...
11
votes
3answers
18k views

arch linux- error:failed to get canonical path of 'airootfs' (grub to USB installation)

I'm trying to install arch-linux for the first time. everything was OK till I tried to install "grub" boot-loader to a USB drive. I am working by the WIKI ARCH LINUX guide. both of this commands ...
10
votes
2answers
3k views

31 Debian CDs — Why? and which do I need for a vanilla desktop install?

I've been using Linux (Ubuntu) for a couple of months now, and I want to try Debian to see how different it is. Well, I've already found a couple of differences.. The first one that Debian-Live ...
10
votes
4answers
59k views

USB booting to installing Linux on a new Lenovo laptop

I recently got a Thinkpad T440s with Windows 8.1 for my job, and since most of my work is done under Linux I am going to install Ubuntu on it, so that I can dual boot. The problem is that it won't ...
10
votes
4answers
8k views

What should I do before dual-booting Windows 7 and Debian on EFI?

I'm about to purchase an Asus motherboard with EFI firmware and wanted to prepare myself for installing Windows and Debian once the hardware arrives. I was hoping that someone who has gone down this ...
10
votes
1answer
21k views

GRUB and LILO both fail to install to NVMe hard disk when installing Debian

I'm trying to install 64-bit Debian stable on a Lenovo Thinkpad. When I get to the installation step that installs the bootloader, I get this message: An installation step failed. You can try ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

How do I boot from ISO file stored on hard disk?

I know that I can create/burn bootable CD/DVD or live USB and can boot/install from it. But suppose I am currently running GNU/Linux and I've ISO file of another GNU/Linux that I want to install on my ...
10
votes
4answers
6k views

Migrating from Ubuntu to Debian

I'm a long term Ubuntu user who is considering migrating from Ubuntu to Debian (mainly because of Unity and the fact that my school has a Debian mirror). I haven't installed Debian on a system before. ...
10
votes
2answers
5k views

What should I be aware of when installing Linux on a Mac?

I have a Macbook Pro and I am loving it, though I still miss my Linux box, there are many things I need which are not completely compatible with Mac OS X. I heard many stories about installing Linux ...
10
votes
1answer
328 views

How to manually install linux on a USB?

I have been using unetbootin to create bootable Linux USBs. I want to do this manually using command line. What is the procedure that unetbootin uses to prepare a bootable USB? How would you go ...
10
votes
5answers
393 views

Will I have to wipe my disk if I install linux?

I want to experience Linux standalone and want to replace my windows 7 with it. My question is: Will I have to wipe my whole data If I install Linux on my notebook replacing windows?
9
votes
4answers
39k views

How to create a bootable Linux installation USB from an ISO in OS X?

I downloaded the ISO for Debian's net installation to a computer running OS X. I want to put the data from the ISO onto a USB, so that I can install Debian on another laptop (not an Apple laptop). ...
9
votes
1answer
19k views

`Error: no such device…` after installing Arch Linux

I've seen many threads about this error but I couldn't find a solution. I've installed Arch Linux alongside Windows 8. (Dual Boot). I followed this video exactly but am getting the error below at 20:...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

archlinux aif command not found

I started Archlinux after grub and I see a [root@archiso ˜]# command bash. The installation guide tells me to either type /arch/setup or aif -p interactive to start the interactive installation ...
9
votes
4answers
537 views

What are your best practices and future plans for deploying unixoid desktops? [closed]

I have been setting up Linux desktops for a non-profit radio observatory. For me, this was the first time I had to think about "deploying" several identical machines, centralizing login, home ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

Install new kernel in PowerPC debian

I compiled a new kernel image on x86 using cross compiler with these commands (source): $ cp arch/powerpc/configs/pmac32_defconfig .config $ make ARCH=powerpc menuconfig $ make ARCH=powerpc ...
9
votes
2answers
5k views

Problem Installing UBUNTU 14.04 (AND Mint 16, which is based on UBUNTU 13.10) as dual boot on RAID 0 with Windows 8.1

Ok, I know that there is https://askubuntu.com/questions/455511/dual-boot-ubuntu-14-04-and-windows-7-on-fakeraid-installation-error-question-m#new-answer?newreg=f2b8bde40c8947f8ac8e3cedec0d1964 and ...
8
votes
1answer
4k views

what does “Read Swap Header failed: Success” mean?

I'm trying to install Arch Linux (from the 2014-04-01 snapshot). I've made a swap file and tried to swapon it, but I got an error(?) message I don't understand. I've executed fallocate -l 512M /mnt/...
8
votes
5answers
16k views

/sbin/init does not exist - Bailing out, you are on your own. Good luck

I'm trying to install arch linux. When I boot up, it gives me the message found below. ERROR: Root device mounted successfully, but /sbin/init does not exist. Bailing out, you are on your own now. ...
8
votes
3answers
4k views

How does the CentOS installation work from the inside?

I am trying to understand the content of a Linux distribution's ISO image file and how the installation process take place. Here I am specifically talking about CentOS 6.4 in its minimal version. So ...
8
votes
8answers
43k views

Oh no! Something went wrong! While starting the system after installing Kali Linux

I am trying to install a virtual machine running Kali (Formerly backtrack) 1.0.7 In 64 bit. My host machine is a 64 bit MacBook pro running 10.7.5. I am using Oracle VirtualBox version 4.3.12. The ...
8
votes
3answers
16k views

After Arch Linux install it just shows the text “No bootable device found”

I've been trying to install Arch Linux. After the installation, it shows the BIOS screen and after that there just comes a message that says "No bootable device found". I have retried the whole ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

Grubby fatal error in Linux kernel installation

I have compiled Linux kernel 2.6.24.6 from source (without problem) and tried to install it. Specifically, after unpacking the Linux source code, I did make && make modules to compile. Then ...