Questions tagged [system-installation]

Use this tag for questions related to the initial installation of Unix-like operating systems. When installing extra software on a running system, use the "software-installation" tag.

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10
votes
4answers
8k views

What should I do before dual-booting Windows 7 and Debian on EFI?

I'm about to purchase an Asus motherboard with EFI firmware and wanted to prepare myself for installing Windows and Debian once the hardware arrives. I was hoping that someone who has gone down this ...
4
votes
3answers
10k views

How Smooth is Upgrading Linux kernel in Debian 8.5?

I would like to upgrade my Linux kernel to 4.7 in Debian 8.5, since it has significant better Skylake 6th generation support than the current linux kernel. In Ubuntu 16.04, the upgrade is easy. ...
16
votes
3answers
7k views

Find filesystem of an unmounted partition from a script

I'm writing a custom automated install using AIF (Arch Installation Framework), and I need to find the filesystem on a partition given a partition. So far I have this: grok_partitions () { local ...
18
votes
9answers
6k views

How can I build a custom distribution for running a simple web browser?

We are assembling some lightweight machines with the express purpose of displaying a single web page over a large screen. I need the machine to essentially boot up as lightweight and as quickly as ...
30
votes
3answers
68k views

What is the “Bootable flag” option when installing a distro?

Is the "bootable flag" needed in today's distributions? If not, then why is it still in the installers? What is it exactly?
10
votes
2answers
3k views

31 Debian CDs — Why? and which do I need for a vanilla desktop install?

I've been using Linux (Ubuntu) for a couple of months now, and I want to try Debian to see how different it is. Well, I've already found a couple of differences.. The first one that Debian-Live ...
24
votes
3answers
214k views

How to fix boot into initramfs prompt and “mount: can't read '/etc/fstab': No such file or directory” and “No init found”?

Installing a new system using a GPT partitioned disk dedicated to a single partition, ext4 formatted, extlinux (version 4.05) as bootloader, Ubuntu Core version 13.10 amd64 as rootfs, and Ubuntu linux-...
18
votes
1answer
26k views

How to mount multiple directories on the same partition?

I am installing an SSD and would like to put / on the SSD and /home, /var, and /tmp on the HDD. My current distro is Kubuntu but I would not mind trying another distro if this procedure can be ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

How do I boot from ISO file stored on hard disk?

I know that I can create/burn bootable CD/DVD or live USB and can boot/install from it. But suppose I am currently running GNU/Linux and I've ISO file of another GNU/Linux that I want to install on my ...
47
votes
2answers
89k views

CentOS 6 “Default” Installation Options

Can someone tell me the difference between a Desktop Install, a Basic Server install, and a Minimal Install? During installation, it doesn't give a description and I can't find documentation on it ...
29
votes
2answers
179k views

How to create a bootable Debian USB drive using Windows

I am running Windows 10 and am starting to learn how to boot from USB devices. I have a 16GB USB (USB 3.0) drive and I want to do the following: Make the 16GB USB drive run Debian Linux. Keep ...
10
votes
1answer
21k views

GRUB and LILO both fail to install to NVMe hard disk when installing Debian

I'm trying to install 64-bit Debian stable on a Lenovo Thinkpad. When I get to the installation step that installs the bootloader, I get this message: An installation step failed. You can try ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Installing firmware blob for Intel Wifi USB pen

I have installed Debian 8/Jessie minimal ISO on my laptop. I get error message during system installation: Some of your hardware needs non-free firmware files to operate. The firmware can be ...
3
votes
2answers
102 views

Installing Linux on hard disk that will be used by another computer with different hardware

I was given a laptop with a totally dead display. I do not want to pay to replace the broken display, but I would like to use the laptop as a server and connect to it via SSH to control it. I have ...
2
votes
3answers
15k views

mounting problem during installation of archlinux on dell xps one

I've been trying to install archlinux on xps one. the screen doesn't work because it has intel g45/g43 express chipset. I had to use nomodeset option as mentioned in the installation guide. Arch ...
-1
votes
1answer
5k views

no wifi adapter detected by Bodhi

Installed bodhi-4.5.0-64 onto a 2008 Macbook, 4.1 and am not seeing wireless options. Do I need to install something from apt first in order for Bodhi to pick up the built-in wifi adapter? The "...
95
votes
15answers
86k views

How do I find how long ago a Linux system was installed?

How can I find the time since a Linux system was first installed, provided that nobody has tried to hide it?
21
votes
8answers
103k views

CentOS 7 Installation Failed

After hearing the news that CentOS 7 had been published, I decided to install it on my computer. I downloaded the ISO image from the CentOS official website (the one named CentOS-7.0-1406-x86_64-DVD....
10
votes
2answers
5k views

What should I be aware of when installing Linux on a Mac?

I have a Macbook Pro and I am loving it, though I still miss my Linux box, there are many things I need which are not completely compatible with Mac OS X. I heard many stories about installing Linux ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

How to install and configure FreeBSD without internet access?

After installing FreeBSD we would like to use following commands to install additional packages. pkg pkg install nano pkg install xorg pkg install mate-desktop mate pkg install slim The above ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Install Linux from Linux

I recently purchased an external USB hard drive and wanted to use it as a portable boot drive. I installed Linux Mint 18.1 on it and got everything working. Then I started to think about using that ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

How to safely replace one Linux distribution with another one via SSH?

I'm intending to replace a NAS's Custom Linux with Arch Linux (details at the bottom), of course wishing to preserve all user data and (due to the SSH-only headless access) attempting to be fool-proof ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

How to install Linux distro to a second hdd from within a running Linux Desktop Environment?

More specifically, I am running Fedora18 on my main HDD. I have a second HDD in the "UltraBay" slot of my ThinkPad W520--eSata connection. Is there a possibility to avoid creating a LiveCD/USB, ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

What are the different CD's & DVD's for?

I'm planning to install Debian on my home server. It will be running some services like Teamspeak 3, gaming servers, Samba, etc... No business services like DHCP, DNS, ... needed. So as this is my ...
1
vote
1answer
4k views

How to find missing firmwares in Zenbook?

This answer motivates me to find missing firmwares in my ultrabook, because I am experiencing difficult typing with many artifacts (here about unable to calibrate typing speed) and CPU up-downs now in ...
4
votes
3answers
206 views

Figuring out what OS is on which partition?

So I have both Ubuntu and Crunchbang installed on my laptop, and I'm trying to figure out which one is on which partition. I'm going to install another OS (probably BT) and need to know what ...
4
votes
1answer
15k views

Got a black screen while booting archlinux installation program

While booting the installation program (via USB), the screen goes black, it looks just like the screen has been switched off. The laptop is a Lenovo Ideapad z475 and, as per the "Beginners' Guide", I'...
3
votes
2answers
741 views

Minimal install of Ubuntu

I'm fairly new to linux but I want to install it on my chromebook with crouton. Is there a way to install something like lubuntu or xubuntu without any of the software normally bundled? For example, I ...
1
vote
1answer
569 views

Linux Mint 17.3 installer claiming that drive doesn't have enough space

I'm currently trying to install Linux Mint alongside Windows 10 on a Dell XPS 13. I created a bootable USB drive with the Mint 17.3 iso using Rufus. I have been able to boot from the drive but haven't ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

how partition for OpenSuSE dual-boot

Currently I'm running Ubuntu 14.10 and have quite a bit of free space on this disc: thufir@doge:~$ thufir@doge:~$ sudo fdisk -l Disk /dev/sda: 465.8 GiB, 500107862016 bytes, 976773168 sectors Units:...
1
vote
1answer
3k views

RHEL Installation issue with UEFI on HP Compaq Desktop

I have bought a new Desktop HP Compaq Elite 8300 SFF. It came with Windows 7 Pro installed. Now I want to install Linux (RHEL) by dual booting it. I have successfully shrinked the partition and ...
1
vote
2answers
70 views

back-up: which patitions to back-up before upgrading/reinstalling

I have Ubuntu13.04 on my laptop. I have to upgrade it to the next release or else I would install a fresh release after deleting my current system. I have already installed and configured my current ...
1
vote
1answer
693 views

How to install CentOS 7 into a directory (without booting an install system)?

I have a Linux system and I wish to install CentOS 7 alongside it. The problem is that I cannot boot from an install medium. Can I install CentOS without the installation system, or start the ...
77
votes
10answers
48k views

Is it good to make a separate partition for /boot?

I've seen some people make a separate partition for /boot. What is the benefit of doing this? What problems might I encounter in the future by doing this? Also, except for /home and /boot, which ...
43
votes
12answers
72k views

Find out if the OS is running in a virtual environment [duplicate]

Is there any way to find out if the OS I'm running (actually installing) is running in a VMWare machine. I need to disable ntp settings if the automated install is done on a virtual machine but keep ...
26
votes
4answers
7k views

Why is Perl installed by default with most Linux distributions?

Why is Perl installed by default with most Linux distributions?
13
votes
1answer
6k views

Move a Linux installation using btrfs on the default subvolume (subvolid=0) to another subvolume

When doing a installation to a root btrfs filesystem, many Linux distributions install to the default subvolume. If left unmodified, this layout will force any snapshots or subvolumes to be created ...
2
votes
2answers
16k views

How to create a customized distribution based on Debian?

I need to create a network with a small group of users. I thought about using Debian distro within computers. To automate it, I searched for automatic installation and customization tools for Linux ...
5
votes
4answers
35k views

Partition scheme for installation of Debian

I'm installing Debian Wheezy on a 50 GB partition of a 500 GB Seagate SATA hard disk with 2 GB RAM. I want to use following partition scheme, but stuck at: How much (in percent) of disk space should ...
9
votes
4answers
39k views

How to create a bootable Linux installation USB from an ISO in OS X?

I downloaded the ISO for Debian's net installation to a computer running OS X. I want to put the data from the ISO onto a USB, so that I can install Debian on another laptop (not an Apple laptop). ...
25
votes
1answer
2k views

Pre-encryption wipe, why?

I wanted to know why, before encrypting and installing itself on the drive , Kali : wiped the whole drive filled the drive with 0s filled the drive with 1s filled the drive with Random data wiped the ...
5
votes
1answer
16k views

debian installer error “Your installation CDROM couldn't be mounted” [closed]

UPDATE: I found a solution: after the installer demands the CD-ROM, take the USB out of the port and then reinsert it. Scan again for the CD-ROM and the USB drive will be recognized. The ...
3
votes
1answer
5k views

How to install windows 7 after fedora 16 [closed]

I have Fedora 16, but I want to play games, and I´m considering installing Windows 7. I need to be able to dual boot these two OS. Is there something special I´m supposed to do, or it will work like ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

How do I install another distro on a linux DVR

I was fiddling with an old DVR and discovered it had telnet unblocked. So I ran ncrack and after gaining access started looking around. It seems to be running some custom version of Linux. Not many ...
3
votes
2answers
48 views

Installing Arch onto a USB key from QEMU emulation, but all efivar files missing

I am really new to this, and I tried to install archlinux (from the official Arch ISO: here) onto a 128GB USB 3.1 Samsung key (this one) using the x86 emulator QEMU on MacOS. I finished installing ...
20
votes
2answers
58k views

Installing Debian without GUI for a web server

I'm unfamiliar with Debian (obviously), so I downloaded the live ISO thinking it might help me out. From the live GUI, I doubled click on the install icon on the desktop and proceeded - it gave me a ...
13
votes
5answers
59k views

How to install Debian from USB? (Using full size image not netinstall)

I learned of a way to install Debian from USB using the netinstall image, which is fine. However it means I have to spend hours and hours downloading packages to do the install. Is there a way I can ...
8
votes
5answers
16k views

/sbin/init does not exist - Bailing out, you are on your own. Good luck

I'm trying to install arch linux. When I boot up, it gives me the message found below. ERROR: Root device mounted successfully, but /sbin/init does not exist. Bailing out, you are on your own now. ...
7
votes
4answers
14k views

USB set to /dev/sda instead of /dev/sdb

I've been trying to use a kickstart file to guide the Red Hat installer (RHEL6.5) without user intervention. It correctly looks for the kickstart file in /dev/sdb/fs.cfg, but because the USB is ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

When wouldn't you want to install GRUB bootloader?

During the installation of many Linux distros, it gives you the option to install the GRUB bootloader. Every single time I have installed Linux I chose "Yes" to install the bootloader, and all the ...