Questions tagged [root-filesystem]

The root filesystem (`/`) contains the kernel and utilities needed to boot a system.

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18
votes
2answers
8k views

How is /etc/fstab accessed before root is mounted?

I was making some changes to /etc/fstab, when this chicken and egg question occurred to me - if /etc/fstab contains the instructions for mounting the file systems, including the root partition, then ...
3
votes
0answers
429 views

LVM RAID 1 for root [closed]

I have LVM RAID 1 (not mdadm RAID 1, but exactly LVM2 RAID 1) for my root partition. I would like to make my system boot without either of the HDDs where the underlying PVs of the root LVM partition ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

Login when root filesystem is full

Will I be able to login into the system if the root filesystem is 100% full? Configuration: home is not a partition but is also placed on the root (i.e. /home is a directory on the partition holding ...
1
vote
0answers
2k views

Qemu: No file system could mount root (unable to mount roofs)

In Linux, I've created the root file system (rootfs) by following commands: dd if=/dev/zero of=ramdisk.img bs=1M count=4 mkfs.ext2 ramdisk.img sudo mount -o loop ramdisk.img rootfs sudo cp init ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Adding files to Linux readonly-root

I've a netboot Linux server where the the /root is mounted as readonly. # Set to 'yes' to mount the system filesystems read-only. READONLY=yes # Set to 'yes' to mount various temporary state as ...
10
votes
3answers
4k views

Can virtfs/9p be used as root file system?

Is it possible to use a folder shared from the host to the guest via virtfs/9p as the root file system inside the guest? Loosely related to my previous question: Can virtfs/9p be used to share the ...
2
votes
2answers
22k views

How to increase the size of / with unallocated hdd space

So, I had run out of space on / (which was initially 9.3 GB). So I had some un-allocated space on my hdd (/dev/sda) that I wanted to assign to the / partition, which is also: /dev/sda1. For reference ...
2
votes
0answers
209 views

What changed between kernels 3.7 and 3.9 that affects LVM/RAID root file systems?

I'm trying to fix a (very messy) system that the user hosed by running a kernel upgrade from 3.7.10 to 3.9.6. the root file system is on an LVM volume on top of a software RAID array. The boot manager ...
3
votes
1answer
196 views

Richacl invalid argument when trying to set atributes

I've compiled a kernel to use richacls, and compiled the richacl's utility, (but not the e2fsprogs). I've mounted a loop file with richacl flags /root/fs_prueba_10mb on /media/ext4_con_richacl type ...
1
vote
2answers
661 views

Moved some files unable to use mv now

I accidently used mv mymods /* * . Now i am unable to undo it or either use any command. How do i fix that? I was in directory name /home/nginx/crap [root@somehost /home/nginx/crap]# mv mymods /* * ...
2
votes
1answer
407 views

Flashing rootfs on Embedded Linux with Limited RAM

I'm fairly new to the embedded world, so forgive me if this seems obvious. I'm working on a board based off of the AT91SAM9260. I have 256MB of flash and 64MB of RAM. The current setup flashes two ...
0
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1answer
2k views

How to put isolinux on an sd card

Hey I need to put the isolinux bootloader on an sd card but how do I properly do that?
5
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3answers
2k views

Ensure that loopback root and host are unmounted on shutdown

I'm trying to setup a Linux system that runs from an LVM-formatted image file. After some tinkering with the initramfs and boot options I managed to make it up and running by mounting the host file ...
15
votes
2answers
8k views

Is using a read only root file system a good idea for embedded setup?

I have been tasked with running Linux as an operating system on an embedded device. The target has an x86 processor and has 8 GB CompactFlash device for storage. I have managed to use buildroot to ...
1
vote
1answer
201 views

/ is out of blocks, can't find out why [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How can I diagnose and repair missing drive space? root@database:/# treesize -x 2>/dev/null 1.1 GB . 757.1 MB ./usr 232.0 MB ./lib 97.2 MB ./var 29.0 MB ./boot 6.3 MB ./...
3
votes
4answers
11k views

Given vmlinuz and initrd.gz, how do I find out, where the kernel is going to load / (root) file system from?

I'm trying various ways of Linux installation (from iso, flash, iso on flash, kernel on flash, root FS in iso-file on flash...) and want to understand what's going on. My question is: is it possible, ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

What do you filter / exclude list when doing backup with rsync? [closed]

I'm trying to build a comprehensive filter / exclude file, to prevent backuping stuff that doesn't make sense do backup, such as temporary / cache data or easily recreatable files. I would appreciate ...
3
votes
1answer
748 views

How small can an embedded Linux file system get?

We have an embedded device running the Angstrom distribution - I'm trying to pare down the root file system to as small as possible. I've started by using Narcissus to generate the file system, but ...
9
votes
3answers
12k views

Any reason for encrypted /?

I am a big fan of linux and like trying out new distros now and then. I usually have my home folders and roots in a lvm atop an encrypted partition, but this tends to become cumbersome with every ...
3
votes
3answers
16k views

How to switch “/” back to writable mode without reboot?

[root@SERVER .ssh]# mount|grep -i " / " /dev/mapper/rootvg-root_lv on / type ext3 (rw) [root@SERVER .ssh]# mount -o remount / mount: block device /dev/rootvg/root_lv is write-protected, mounting read-...
5
votes
5answers
11k views

How big should the rootfs partition should be on Arch Linux?

I've installed ArchLinux yesterday and set up a 10 GB partition for the root file system, 256 MB for swap, and the rest (456 GB) for my /home. However I still have 4.0 GB left on my root file system ...
4
votes
2answers
7k views

Not enough space on / to install new kernel update

During a recent update I received this: Installing: kernel-default-2.6.37.6-0.11.1 [error] Installation of kernel-default-2.6.37.6-0.11.1 failed: (with --nodeps --force) Error: Subprocess failed. ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

Multiple root options in Linux command line

My kernel command line looks like this: root=31:0 ro noinitrd console=ttyS0,115200 root=/dev/mtdblock2 rootfstype=squashfs I think the first root entry identifies a disk by its major and minor ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Root filesystem nearly full - should I be worried?

me@netbook:~$ df -h Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on /dev/sda5 323M 292M 15M 96% / tmpfs 5.0M 4.0K 5.0M 1% /lib/init/rw tmpfs ...