Questions tagged [path]

PATH (all upper case) is the name of an environment variable on Unix-like operating systems, DOS, OS/2, and Microsoft Windows, specifying a set of directories where executable programs are searched for.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
911
votes
11answers
2.2m views

How to correctly add a path to PATH?

I'm wondering where a new path has to be added to the PATH environment variable. I know this can be accomplished by editing .bashrc (for example), but it's not clear how to do this. This way: export ...
168
votes
7answers
177k views

What is the 'working directory' when cron executes a job?

I have a script that works when I run it from the command line, but when I schedule it with cron I get errors that it cannot find files or commands. My question is twofold: When I schedule a cron ...
145
votes
6answers
457k views

How do I set a user environment variable? (permanently, not session)

This is irritating me. I seen several suggestions (all using different files and syntax) and none of them worked. How do I set an environment variable for a specific user? I am on debian squeeze. ...
118
votes
7answers
87k views

How to make `sudo` preserve $PATH?

I need to run a program installed on /opt/godi/sbin (a custom directory). If I add that directory to my PATH, by adding the following line to my .bashrc file export PATH=$PATH:/opt/godi/bin:/opt/godi/...
99
votes
4answers
111k views

Where do executables look for shared objects at runtime?

I understand how to define include shared objects at linking/compile time. However, I still wonder how do executables look for the shared object (*.so libraries) at execution time. For instance, my ...
49
votes
3answers
23k views

Is it safe to add . to my PATH? How come?

I've seen people mention in other answers that it's a bad idea to include the current working directory ('.') in your $PATH environment variable, but haven't been able to find a question specifically ...
48
votes
16answers
26k views

Remove duplicate $PATH entries with awk command

I am trying to write a bash shell function that will allow me to remove duplicate copies of directories from my PATH environment variable. I was told that it is possible to achieve this with a one ...
45
votes
5answers
28k views

Duplicate entries in $PATH a problem?

I source bashrc's of few of my friends. So I end up having duplicate entries in my $PATH variable. I am not sure if that is the problem for commands taking long to start. How does $PATH internally ...
43
votes
4answers
14k views

Show PATH in a human-readable way

I want to show my PATH environment variable in a more human-readable way. $ echo $PATH /Users/arturo/.rvm/gems/ruby-1.9.3-p392/bin:/Users/arturo/.rvm/gems/ruby-1.9.3-p392@global/bin:/Users/arturo/....
41
votes
2answers
18k views

Which distributions have $HOME/.local/bin in $PATH?

Example: in Ubuntu, there is always a .local directory in the home directory and .profile includes this line: PATH="$HOME/bin:$HOME/.local/bin:$PATH" $HOME/.local/bin does not exist by default, but ...
38
votes
7answers
38k views

Why are PATH variables different when running via sudo and su?

On my fedora VM, when running with my user account I have /usr/local/bin in my path: [justin@justin-fedora12 ~]$ env | grep PATH PATH=/usr/kerberos/sbin:/usr/kerberos/bin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/...
37
votes
3answers
42k views

How can I set all subdirectories of a directory into $PATH?

It looks like when adding a directory into $PATH, its subdirectories are not added recursively. So can I do that? Or is there a reason why this is not supported?
36
votes
3answers
27k views

How do I get rid of Cygwin's /cygdrive prefix in all paths?

I'm switching to Cygwin from the bash shell that ships with Git for Windows, and encountering a strange problem. Someone thought it would be a good idea to add /cygdrive/ to all paths, while I think ...
35
votes
2answers
10k views

Where is cron's PATH set?

Cron doesn't use the path of the user whose crontab it is and, instead, has its own. It can easily be changed by adding PATH=/foo/bar at the beginning of the crontab, and the classic workaround is to ...
33
votes
7answers
25k views

Refer to a file under the same directory of a script found in $PATH

I have a bash script file, which is put under some directory added to $PATH so that I can call the script from any directory. There is another text file under the same directory as the script. I ...
31
votes
9answers
5k views

How can I cleanly add to $PATH?

I'd like a way to add things to $PATH, system-wide or for an individual user, without potentially adding the same path multiple times. One reason to want to do this is so that additions can be made ...
29
votes
7answers
14k views

List all binaries from $PATH

Is there one-liner that will list all executables from $PATH in bash.
28
votes
4answers
17k views

Add path to $PATH if not already in $PATH [duplicate]

I need to add a path in a bash script, but it may be executed several times: export PATH=${OPENSHIFT_HOMEDIR}/app-root/runtime/bin/:${PATH} I don't want that path to be added over and over. How can ...
28
votes
3answers
81k views

How to alter PATH within a shell script?

I have several projects that require me to change versions of Java/Grails/Maven. I'm trying to handle this with some scripts that would make the changes. For example: #!/bin/sh export JAVA_HOME=/...
28
votes
9answers
110k views

Removing a directory from PATH

I'm trying to compile wxWidgets using MingW, and I have cygwin in my path, which seems to conflict. So I would like to remove /d/Programme/cygwin/bin from the PATH variable and I wonder if there is ...
27
votes
1answer
3k views

Bash remembers wrong path to an executable that was moved/deleted

When I do which pip3 I get /usr/local/bin/pip3 but when I try to execute pip3 I get an error as follows: bash: /usr/bin/pip3: No such file or directory This is because I recently deleted that ...
25
votes
2answers
38k views

What is the difference between PATH and LD_LIBRARY_PATH?

I am having some difficulties understanding the difference between PATH and LD_LIBRARY_PATH. I have an installation setup that needs a file pkg.tcl and I am not where to add the path to it: should it ...
25
votes
2answers
16k views

Bash is not finding a program even though it's on my path

I have a program on my path. The program runs when executed with a full path specified. But the program cannot be found when I run it with just its name. Essentially, I want to understand how the ...
24
votes
4answers
55k views

Adding to path vs. linking from /bin

Our sys admin installed a software application (Maven) on the server and told everyone to add the /usr/local/maven/bin/ folder to their path. I think it could be more convenient to just link the few ...
24
votes
4answers
10k views

Share aliases and PATH setting between zsh and bash

The shell that I normally use is zsh. I have several aliases to enable color in some programs such as ls and grep. I've also set my custom path so that I can execute programs in non-standard place (...
23
votes
2answers
5k views

What does ${PATH:+:${PATH}} mean?

I recently noticed the following in my cygwin profile, more precisely: /usr/local/bin:/usr/bin${PATH:+:${PATH}} What does it mean? Why is not just $PATH? Is this an 'if $PATH exists then add :$PATH'?...
22
votes
2answers
3k views

Does POSIX guarantee the paths to any standard utilities?

From C, what's the easiest way to run a standard utility (e.g., ps) and no other? Does POSIX guarantee that, for example, a standard ps is in /bin/ps or should I reset the PATH environment variable ...
22
votes
5answers
3k views

shebang and path

Why does a shebang need a path? Wrong #!ruby Correct #!/usr/local/bin/ruby #!/usr/bin/env ruby The operating system should have the information regarding the path for a registered command, and ...
21
votes
3answers
53k views

Add a path in $PATH globally for every user

Do we have anyway to add a path globally so that each user gets it in $PATH. I want to add path of ANT so that each user doesn't need to add it in his $PATH variable.
21
votes
2answers
46k views

Why does sshd requires an absolute path?

Why does sshd require an absolute path when restarting, e.g /usr/sbin/sshd rather than sshd Are there any security implications? P.S the error message: # sshd sshd re-exec requires execution with ...
21
votes
4answers
3k views

keep duplicates out of $PATH on source [duplicate]

I have the following code that's source-d by my .shellrc PATH="${PATH}:${HOME}/perl5/bin" PATH="${PATH}:${HOME}/.bin" export PATH but if I make changes to other code and then source this file, my ...
21
votes
1answer
986 views

How did the ~/.local/bin thing start? How widespread is it?

I find more and more tools that put executables into ~/.local/bin. I am old and for me ~/bin is the place in my $HOME for executables. Where did this crazy new fashion originate? Why are people doing ...
21
votes
1answer
7k views

Why was colon chosen as path separator

Why was colon (:) chosen as path separator? Note that I mean "path separator" and not "directory separator". Path separator is the symbol placed between the entries in the PATH environment variable. ...
20
votes
2answers
108k views

Setting PATH vs. exporting PATH in ~/.bash_profile [duplicate]

What's the difference and which is better to use when customizing my bash profile? Documentation on the export command is scarce, as it's a builtin cmd. Excerpt from version 1 of my ~/.bash_profile: ...
20
votes
3answers
18k views

Why is PATH reset in a sudo command? [duplicate]

After much frustrating head-brick-wall contact, I've discovered this: $ echo $PATH /usr/local/bin:/bin:/usr/bin:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/sbin:/sbin:/home/steve/bin $ sudo bash # echo $PATH /usr/local/...
19
votes
4answers
2k views

Path independent shebangs

I have a script that I want to be able to run in two machines. These two machines get copies of the script from the same git repository. The script needs to run with the right interpreter (e.g. zsh). ...
19
votes
4answers
2k views

`which`, but all

I think most are familiar with the which command, and I use it frequently. I just ran into a situation where I'm curious not just which command is first in my path, but how many and where all the ...
17
votes
2answers
10k views

What does the @ symbol denote in the beginning of a unix domain socket path in Linux?

When I run netstat --protocol unix or lsof -U I see that some unix socket paths are prepended with @ symbol, for example, @/tmp/dbus-qj8V39Yrpa. Then when I run ls -l /tmp I don't see file named dbus-...
17
votes
3answers
6k views

My `which` command may be wrong (sometimes)?

I've compiled the last emacs version from the source code (v24.2) because the version installed on my machine is (quite) old for me (v21.3). I've done the usual: $configure --prefix=$HOME make make ...
17
votes
1answer
7k views

Why does root not have /usr/local in path?

I've noticed that the default path for root on my of my vm's and servers do not include /usr/local/bin sudo -s echo $PATH /sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin Whereas normal users on the server do have /...
16
votes
4answers
7k views

Adding paths to PATH using a multi-line syntax

As far as I understand, the usual way to add a path to the PATH environment variable is by concatenating paths separated by the : character. For example, if I want to add three paths to it /my/path/...
16
votes
1answer
1k views

Percent in $PATH environment variable

My $PATH looks like this: /home/torbjorr/deployed/vector/x86_64-GNU%2fLinux:/home/torbjorr/deployed/typewriter/x86_64-GNU%2fLinux:/home/torbjorr/deployed/mustudio/x86_64-GNU%2fLinux:/home/torbjorr/...
15
votes
4answers
53k views

bash: adduser: command not found on centOS

I installed CentOS 5.5 on my VMWare 8 recently and I am trying to add a new user on the system. I am unable to add the user unless I use su - option. I believe it has to do something with path not set ...
15
votes
3answers
4k views

Is there a way to add a directory to my PATH in zsh only if it's not already present?

Is there an easy way in zsh to add a directory to my PATH only if it's not already present? (or, more generally, any environment variable). I've tried: PATH+=/my/directory ... but if that's executed ...
15
votes
2answers
1k views

Under what circumstances will the executable first found in the path not be used

I am having some strange behavoir with zsh ( 5.4.2_1 installed with homebrew ) on osx not using the first occurrence of an executable in the path. Here is the scenario: echo $PATH returns: /...
15
votes
3answers
13k views

How do I set the PATH or other environment variables so that X apps can access it?

How can I set env variables so that KDE recognizes them? How do you set the path in a non-shell environment (KDE)? Unlike the above two questions, I want to know how to do this for GNOME. Or better ...
14
votes
3answers
32k views

how to set crontab PATH variable

I had a problem running a script from crontab. After some research I understood the problem was because PATH parameter doesn't include /sbin. I looked what it does include in /etc/crontab: PATH=/...
14
votes
1answer
43k views

Why is rsync not found?

rsync -avP /home/user/.profile hpux3:/home/user/.profile bash: rsync: command not found If I did ssh to hpux3 machine rsync version 3.1.1 protocol version 31 Copyright (C) 1996-2014 by Andrew ...
14
votes
3answers
2k views

Running an executable in PATH with the same name as an existing function

Sometimes I define a function that shadows an executable and tweaks its arguments or output. So the function has the same name as the executable, and I need a way how to run the executable from the ...
14
votes
3answers
44k views

bash: iptables: command not found

How do I fix the iptables: command not found problem that happened to Debian 7.6? batman@gotham:~$ uname -a Linux gotham 3.14-0.bpo.2-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 3.14.13-2~bpo70+1 (2014-07-31) x86_64 GNU/...