Questions tagged [lvm]

Logical Volume Management provides storage abstraction, a generalization of disk partitioning.

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91
votes
2answers
79k views

How to shrink root filesystem without booting a livecd

I find myself needing to rearrange a system's partitions to move data previously under the root filesystem into dedicated mount points. The volumes are all in LVM, so this is relatively easy: create ...
86
votes
6answers
74k views

Does LVM impact performance?

I have to migrate a few servers to Linux, and one important aspect that I need to evaluate is that my new host system must have elastic storage capacity. Naturally, doing some basic research, I came ...
58
votes
11answers
52k views

SSH to decrypt encrypted LVM during headless server boot?

When I installed Ubuntu 10.04 and, now, 10.10, I was offered the option of enabling "encrypted LVM" for my hard drive. After choosing that option, I am prompted for my password during boot to decrypt ...
50
votes
2answers
55k views

RAIDing with LVM vs MDRAID - pros and cons?

In his answer to the question "mixed raid types", HBruijn suggests using LVM to implement RAID vs the more standard MDRAID. After a little investigation, it seems LVM also supports RAID ...
45
votes
8answers
47k views

Should LVM partitions be used in virtual machine images?

Should LVM be used for the partitions when creating VM images (e.g., KVM images)? It seems like it adds complexity if you want to, say, mount a qcow2 image in the host if the image has LVM partitions. ...
37
votes
5answers
18k views

The merits of a partitionless filesystem

I ran into something a couple of weeks ago that I'd never seen before: A filesystem (ext3 I believe) installed to a storage device without a partition. In essence /dev/sdb was the entire filesystem. I ...
33
votes
4answers
94k views

How do i extend a partition with a LVM and the contained physical volume and logical volume?

On my 240 GB SSD i had at first two partitions, one containing the Logical Volume with Linux Mint and the other had contained a NTFS partition to share with Windows. Now i removed the NTFS partition ...
30
votes
5answers
85k views

How to reduce Volume Group size in LVM?

[root@localhost ~] vgdisplay --- Volume group --- VG Name vg_root System ID Format lvm2 Metadata Areas 1 Metadata Sequence No 7 VG ...
25
votes
1answer
80k views

/dev/mapper in fdisk

After installing CentOS, I see several lines like /dev/mapper/centos_jackpc--11-swap and /dev/mapper/centos_jackpc--11-root when I issue fdisk -l. What is the purpose of these? And why do they not ...
25
votes
2answers
49k views

What is lvmetad and why would I want or need to use it?

I have a Gentoo server with LVM running on top of a RAID array that I have been using for a number of years. Recently I upgraded LVM to 2.02.109 (don't recall what version it was before) and received ...
23
votes
1answer
42k views

Updating disk free size without rebooting the host

I use RHEL4 with LVM2 on it. At times even after removing large files more than a GB, the partition size is not getting updated when using the df command. -bash-3.00$ df -h Filesystem Size ...
21
votes
4answers
34k views

What is the best practice for adding disks in LVM

According to the Linux manpages you can add raw disks as well as partitions to a volume group. In other documentation (RedHat, CentOS or openSUSE), all examples refer to adding partitions to the VG ...
21
votes
3answers
8k views

Trim with LVM and dm-crypt

I tried to setup TRIM with LVM and dm-crypt on ubuntu 13.04 following this tutorial: http://blog.neutrino.es/2013/howto-properly-activate-trim-for-your-ssd-on-linux-fstrim-lvm-and-dmcrypt/ See the ...
20
votes
2answers
14k views

Using LVM with SSD and SATA drives

I saw in this question that it is possible to place both a SSD and a standard SATA hard drive into a single LVM volume group (VG). How does this affect performance? Is there a way to force the OS ...
19
votes
5answers
103k views

lvm devices under /dev/mapper missing

I'm using Debian squeeze, and running LVM on top of software RAID 1. I just accidentally just discovered that most of the links under /dev/mapper are missing, though my system seems to be still ...
19
votes
1answer
21k views

Swap partition in LVM?

I was wondering if putting the swap partition into a logical volume group has any drawbacks (e.g. performance), or would it be "just the same" as having it as a separate primary/logical partition? I ...
18
votes
5answers
30k views

Arch GRUB asking for /run/lvm/lvmetad.socket on a non lvm disk

I am running this script based on the ArchWiki setup procedure. It fails on the GRUB configuration step I am using the archlinux-2013.12.01-dual.iso inside VMware Player with 1 GB ram, sda is 810 MB....
18
votes
7answers
77k views

Mapping between logical and physical block device names

I cannot figure out the mapping between different logical and physical block device names. The output of "cat /proc/diskstats" is : 104 0 cciss/c0d0 ... 104 1 cciss/c0d0p1 ... 104 2 cciss/...
18
votes
2answers
72k views

Error “/run/lvm/lvmetad.socket: connect failed: No such file or directory” - but not Grub related

All LVM commands give me the error /run/lvm/lvmetad.socket: connect failed: No such file or directory. I Googled this error and found only postings related to Grub and Grub-install. wish to get rid ...
18
votes
3answers
34k views

Move a logical volume from one volume group to another

Is it possible to move a logical volume from one volume group to another in whole? It is possible to create a (more or less) matching lv and copy the data over, but is there any way to do this with ...
18
votes
2answers
11k views

Defragmentation of LVM2 logical volumes

Question: Is there a tool supporting de-fragmentation of LVM2 logical volumes? (Making their extents into consistent sequences) Preferably by defining desired order of extents (something like "...
17
votes
3answers
11k views

Where does LVM store its configuration?

I am trying to understand how / where LVM stores its configuration data. Does pvcreate /dev/sdb write any metadata to /dev/sdb? if so what is written? Where does vgcreate data /dev/sdb /dev/sdc ...
17
votes
3answers
27k views

How can I check for bad blocks on an LVM physical volume?

When you're using ext4, you can check for badblocks with the command e2fsck -c /dev/sda1 # or whatever. This will "blacklist" the blocks by adding them to the bad block inode. What is the equivalent ...
14
votes
5answers
37k views

Increase root partition by reducing /home

Hi I need to increase root partition space by reducing /home, in a Centos 6.6,my situation is this: /dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_root 50G 46G 1,6G 97% / tmpfs 1,9G ...
14
votes
4answers
30k views

How do I combine two logical volumes that reside on a single physical volume in LVM?

I have two logical volumes, one is mounted as /, the other is mounted as /home. I want to combine them, because the / volume is constantly running out of space. (Yes, I know what's using all that ...
14
votes
2answers
49k views

Why my encrypted LVM volume (LUKS device) won't mount at boot time?

I'm trying to setup an encrypted volume following this guide Everything is setup but mounting the encrypted volume fails at boot-time with the error: fsck.ext4: No such file or directory while ...
14
votes
1answer
11k views

Using a LVM partition as a Virtualbox drive

Is it possible to use a LVM partition as a Virtualbox disk? I can't find any option to use a device as a Virtualbox disk, only disk images.
14
votes
2answers
6k views

How to properly unplug/plug removable LVM2 device?

How to properly unplug (remove) and later plug (insert) removable (hot-plug, usb etc) storage device with LVM2 on it ? I've found this note Remove (unplug, eject): lvchange -an /dev/...
13
votes
1answer
2k views

Why are there two different values for the size of a drive and how to reconcile them with device-mapper and LVM?

I have a 1 TB drive attached via USB. It contains an LVM physical volume filling the entire device (without any partition table). When I tried to extend a logical volume by using the entire PV, the ...
13
votes
1answer
3k views

Unable to close a Luks partition

For backup purposes, I have "snapshotted" a LVM partition. This partition was crypted so I have opened this Luks partition (snapshot) in order to do my backup. The problem is that I have forgotten to ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

Growing LVM root

I tried to grow my LVM (on luks) root partition with lvresize -L +5G -r /dev/vg/lv-root and found that the file system wouldn't grow because it was mounted. Now I found this https://ubuntuforums....
12
votes
3answers
25k views

Why it is not recommended to put boot partition on lvm?

I read somewhere that it is not recommended to put boot partition on lvm based partition. But, I'm doing it anyway. Then the only problem I've faced on this is sometimes when I install a new Linux ...
12
votes
5answers
11k views

Is it possible to put root in LVM without using initrd?

I have just set up a Gentoo base system (which means I can boot and log in and do stuff with it now). My root partition is in an LVM2 virtual group (with a separated /boot partition). In order to boot ...
12
votes
2answers
48k views

How can I resize my root partition in Debian?

I am trying to add space to my root partition and am really not sure the safest way to go about it. I have read this thread, Can I resize the root partition without uninstalling and reinstalling ...
12
votes
1answer
11k views

Leaking file descriptors

What does it mean if file descriptor leaking File descriptor 6 (socket:[901758]) leaked on lvextend invocation. Parent PID 10035: /bin/zsh File descriptor 9 (/dev/pts/1) leaked on lvextend ...
11
votes
4answers
14k views

How to identify LVM-over-LUKS or LUKS-over-LVM

I recently installed Fedora 20. I don't recall what exact options I chose for encrypting the disk/LVM during installation. It installed fine and I can log in etc. Here is the situation I have: I ...
11
votes
2answers
13k views

Resize a btrfs partition inside a logical LVM volume

Following derobert's trick to resize the underlying filesystem when resizing a LVM volume: lvm> lvextend -r -l +100%FREE /dev/VolGroup00/lvolhome fsck from util-linux 2.25.2 /sbin/fsck.btrfs: ...
11
votes
1answer
21k views

Move logical volume to a new physical disk

I have three logical volumes in a single volume group using a single physical volume (the whole existing disk /dev/sda). I now want to move one of those logical volumes to a new, faster disk, i.e., ...
11
votes
1answer
17k views

Does it make sense to put btrfs on lvm?

This is OpenSUSE Leap 42. I have a computer with 2x 500 GB SATA HDD drives and to speed it up I put in a small 30GB SSD drive for the system. During installation HDDs were disconnected as they ...
11
votes
1answer
8k views

How to create a read-only snapshot in LVM, and then rollback to it after some work?

What are the commands to use in LVM in case I want to: create a read-only snapshot of a volume; (do some experiments in the volume); and then rollback the volume to the snapshot?
10
votes
2answers
13k views

kernel update - WARNING: lvmetad is running but disabled. Restart lvmetad before enabling it!

I just updated one of our debian jessie servers and the kernel was updated, nothing special, as we have done this many times. But the first time there were some warnings when the grub configuration ...
10
votes
1answer
16k views

grub-install : File descriptor 3 leaked on vgs invocation

I installed Debian Jessie on a LVM in a software RAID 1. To make sure MBR are written on both disks of the RAID 1, I run dpkg-reconfigure grub-pc (as suggested here) and select both disks. I get ...
9
votes
1answer
27k views

How do I mount an LVM partition?

I was trying to update Java and I used a star to make sure it was removed completely not realizing it would mess up everything I used apt-get remove java* this was on the Ubuntu 16.0 or something ...
9
votes
3answers
12k views

Any reason for encrypted /?

I am a big fan of linux and like trying out new distros now and then. I usually have my home folders and roots in a lvm atop an encrypted partition, but this tends to become cumbersome with every ...
9
votes
2answers
9k views

Permanently changing the ownership (or group) of LVM volume

How can I permanently change the ownership (or at least the group) of a LVM volume? I figured that I have to use udev, but I don't know how the rule should look like? Let's say I want to change the ...
9
votes
8answers
13k views

Partition manager that can handle LVM?

I have been looking but neither Gparted nor KDE Partition Manager can handle LVM. Working with the command line is probably fine but it would be clearer to have a GUI tool here. Does such thing exist?
9
votes
1answer
2k views

Determining LVM Extent numbers for given file

I'm currently engaged in a non-work related homework exercise. I have an ext4 filesystem sitting on a logical volume. I'm testing different performance tuning strategies and this idea occurred to me. ...
9
votes
1answer
27k views

How do I determine LVM mapping on a physical device?

I have a server (SUSE 11.5) that has two disks. There is only one volume group (vg01). How do I determine the physical device on which that vg exists?
9
votes
2answers
1k views

Choosing filesystem for a 16TB Raid

I'm just putting together a machine with eight 2TB disks. I will be using Raid 6 (12TB of usable capacity) on top of them, but I'm not sure whether I should make LVM on top of the RAID, or what ...
9
votes
1answer
782 views

Do LVM snapshots ultimately cause fragmentation?

I'm planning on using LVM in order to be able to take atomic snapshots of large files and rsync them to a remote site. What I'd like to know is whether there is any long-term impact on the main (non-...