Questions tagged [kernel-modules]

Use this tag for questions about loading, configuring, or compiling them. See also /drivers for questions about which modules to use for specific hardware. A kernel module is a bit of code that can be added into the kernel by the administrator while the system is running, typically providing one feature such as a filesystem.

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99
votes
1answer
111k views

What is a tainted kernel in Linux?

Under certain conditions, the Linux kernel may become tainted. For example, loading a proprietary video driver into the kernel taints the kernel. This condition may be visible in system logs, kernel ...
66
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6answers
60k views

What is the difference between kernel drivers and kernel modules?

When I do a lspci -k on my Kubuntu with a 3.2.0-29-generic kernel I can see something like this: 01:00.0 VGA compatible controller: NVIDIA Corporation G86 [Quadro NVS 290] (rev a1) Subsystem: ...
65
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4answers
110k views

How to list all loadable kernel modules?

I'm looking for a few kernel modules to load i2c-dev and i2c-bcm2708. But the modprobe command returns: sudo modprobe i2c-dev modprobe: module i2c-dev not found in modules.dep How can I list all the ...
48
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4answers
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How to find the driver (module) associated with a device on Linux?

On Linux, given: a device, for example /dev/sda, and its major and minor numbers, for example 8, 0, how can I know which module / driver is "driving" it? Can I dig into /sys or /proc to discover ...
34
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4answers
62k views

Find out which modules are associated with a usb device?

Could you recommend a way to figure out which driver is being used for a USB device. Sort of a usb equivalent of lspci -k command.
30
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1answer
43k views

How to assign USB driver to device

This question is two-fold: First, how do you manually detach a driver from a USB device and attach a different one? For example, I have a device that when connected automatically uses the usb-...
26
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9answers
36k views

How to unload kernel module 'nvidia-drm'?

I'm trying to install the most up-to-date NVIDIA driver in Debian Stretch. I've downloaded NVIDIA-Linux-x86_64-390.48.run from here, but when I try to do sudo sh ./NVIDIA-Linux-x86_64-390.48.run as ...
26
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5answers
20k views

Is USB-to-USB data transfer between two Linux OSes possible?

I want to create a USB-to-USB data transfer system in Linux (preferably Ubuntu). For this I want to use no external hardware or switch (except this cable). It's going to be like mounting a USB drive ...
25
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5answers
125k views

Determining cause of Linux kernel panic

I'm running an Ubuntu 12.04 derivative (amd64) and I've been having really strange issues recently. Out of the blue, seemingly, X will freeze completely for a while (1-3 minutes?) and then the system ...
21
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2answers
19k views

BSD Kernel Vs. Linux kernel? [closed]

I wanted to know in technical terms; what is the difference between BSD Kernel and Linux Kernel. In Linux, we can download the source kernel then patch it and make and make modules it. Even we have ...
19
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2answers
48k views

systemd: automate modprobe command at boot time

My distribution is Fedora 17 Gnome. Every time I reboot/restart my computer I need to run this command as root: modprobe rt2800usb How can I make it permanent?
19
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5answers
12k views

Benefit of kernel module compiled inside kernel?

What's the benefit of compiling kernel modules into the kernel (instead of as loadable modules)?
18
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2answers
2k views

Is developing/testing a linux module safe using a virtual machine?

I'm in an operating systems class. Coming up, we have to do some work modifying kernel code. We have been advised not to use personal machines to test (I suppose this means install it) as we could ...
14
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2answers
12k views

Are driver modules loaded and unloaded automatically?

On Ubuntu 14.04, I found that when I don't plug in my external wireless adapter, its module rt2800usb is still shown in lsmod. when does automatically loading a driver module happen? Is it when the ...
13
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3answers
33k views

How to generate Module.symvers?

I recently went through Unpacking kernel-source rpm off-system (OpenSuse)?; and as it took > 10 h on my machine, imagine my surprise that after doing the process described there, I find no Module....
11
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4answers
45k views

How to solve “building the main Guest Additions module Failed”

I tried to install the VirtualBox Guest Additions module in a VM guest running CentOS but I get this error message when everything else was okay: building the main Guest Additions module Failed ...
11
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2answers
6k views

Adding a new System call to Linux 3.2.x with a loadable kernel module [closed]

I want to add a particular new system call in the linux kernel 3.2.x but as a loadable kernel module (as I don't want to recompile the kernel again and again) I read through many posts on internet ...
11
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1answer
5k views

How to understand the modinfo output?

I'm just trying to understand the modinfo output that describes a kernel module. For instance, in the case of the module i915, the output looks like this: $ modinfo i915 filename: /lib/modules/...
11
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1answer
53k views

Unable to load module: Disagrees about version of symbol module_layout

Following this tutorial to write my first driver. The Makefile is: # Makefile – makefile of our first driver # if KERNELRELEASE is defined, we've been invoked from the # kernel build system and can ...
11
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1answer
38k views

How can I properly reload a kernel module?

Related Question I can't reload a kernel module for trying new flags. Example: thinkpad_acpi default is without fan_control=1. So if my computer runs really hot and the fans don't go to full speed it ...
11
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3answers
18k views

Mount printers at /dev/usb and still use CUPS

Due to a new version of CUPS, I suddenly lost the direct path to my printers that was previously available under /dev/usb/lpXXX. I used this to print directly from the command line. echo "test" > /...
10
votes
1answer
14k views

How to disable keyboard?

Without unplugging my keyboard I'd like to disable it from the terminal; I was hoping that this could be done using rmmod but based on my currently loaded modules it doesn't look like it is possible. ...
10
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2answers
4k views

Kernel Modules: .o vs .ko

It seems that files containing kernel modules are called .o, at least that's what I figure when looking at a tutorial like this one. However, on my debian squeeze box, these files seem to be called ....
10
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2answers
11k views

Cannot start archlinux after update: Cannot find uuid

I updated archlinux with "pacman -Syu" and then when I've restart, the system can't start. This is the report: Warning: /lib/modules/4.11.9-1-ARCH/modules.devname not found - ignoring version 232 ...
10
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1answer
1k views

Why do user space apps need kernel headers?

I'm building busy-box and iptables for an embedded device and one of the dependencies for them are the kernel headers. I have searched the whole file system for *.ko files and found none. So i ...
10
votes
1answer
3k views

How do I compile DKMS module for multiple kernel image versions in Debian?

I have versions 3.16 and 4.0 of linux-image package installed. During login I can select which kernel I want to boot in the "advanced options" menu item. However, when I install a DKMS module it is ...
10
votes
1answer
8k views

ALSA/ASoC: How to correctly load devices/drivers?

I am using Buildroot to build an embedded Linux (2.6.39.2) system for the NXP LPC3250 microcontroller. Right now, I'm trying to get ALSA/ASoC up and running, but I'm having some issues with getting ...
9
votes
1answer
64k views

insmod: ERROR: could not insert module 8188eu.ko: Invalid module format

I'm trying to use the TL-WN725N as an USB WiFi-Adapter with Fedora 20. I followed these insructions and the adapter worked fine and even survived two updates during the last few weeks. Then I did a ...
9
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2answers
6k views

How do I debug a kernel module in which a NULL pointer appears?

I have a custom kernel module that I compiled from this patch that adds support for the logitech G19 keyboard among other G series devices. I compiled it just fine against Ubuntu's maverick kernel's ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

Module marked (F) in /proc/modules

On my 3.10 system some of modules listed in /proc/modules are marked (F). I'd like to find the cause of this (F). I am sure modules were not forcefully loaded and were built with the Kernel. Could you,...
9
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1answer
8k views

How to build a custom kernel with localmodconfig that support hardware of multiple machines?

When configuring a server to run a single task, like an appliance, there might rise the need to build a custom kernel. For example to save disk space. Ubuntu Core 13.10 amd64 root filesystem is a ...
9
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1answer
4k views

Custom kernel: fails to load firmware when module built-in

I'd like to have all my modules built-in, but this fails with iwlagn: iwlagn 0000:03:00.0: request for firmware file 'iwlwifi-6000-4.ucode' failed. iwlagn 0000:03:00.0: no suitable firmware found! ...
9
votes
1answer
7k views

Sound not working when both the sound card and HDMI use the Intel HDA driver. How to exchange their device loading order?

I have an Acer Aspire One 522 netbook which has an Intel HDA sound card based on the Conexant CX20584 chipset. Although KDE does output sound when starting up, flash and probably many other apps which ...
9
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2answers
8k views

“usb 3-2: can't set config #1, error -110” - USB keyboard works in Windows 8 laptop but on PC only until Linux boots

I tried 2 new USB keyboards that work until Linux starts booting. When booting I saw: [ 8.365211] usb 3-2: New USB device found, idVendor=1a2c, idProduct=0b23 [ 8.404863] usb 3-2: New USB ...
8
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4answers
7k views

Best way to get into Kernel programming?

Not so much asking what books (although if you know of any guides/tutorials that'd be helpful) but what is the best way to start doing kernel programming and is there a particular distribution that ...
8
votes
2answers
14k views

cannot reconfigure virtualbox-dkms

I have installed vitualbox on Debian Jessie according to instructions on debian wiki. By running: apt-get install linux-headers-$(uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,') virtualbox During installation some ...
8
votes
2answers
16k views

What is the sequence loading linux kernel module on startup? How priority is set to them?

I have a Linux kernel module which I compiled dynamically. How is it added to startup? There are lot of .ko files in /lib/modules. How is priority set for loading these modules?
8
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3answers
31k views

VirtualBox: modprobe can't find vboxguest, vboxsf, vboxvideo

I've been following these instrctions to install the guest packages for arch linux. Unfortunatelly modprobe returns: [snooc@archfire ~]$ modprobe -a vboxguest vboxsf vboxvideo modprobe: WARNING: ...
8
votes
2answers
13k views

Why does modinfo say “could not find module”, yet lsmod claims the module is loaded?

According to the man page of lsmod the command shows “what kernel modules are currently loaded”. I wrote a script that uses modinfo to show what kernel object (.ko) files are actually in use: #!/bin/...
8
votes
3answers
7k views

Linux Kernel logical address space organisation

According to "Write Great Code" in almost all OS run time memory is organized into following regions: OS | Stack | Heap | Text | Static | Storage/BSS [In increasing address fashion] User ...
8
votes
2answers
6k views

What package could “linux-headers-3.7.5-1-ARCH” mean?

I'm debugging a closed-source software installer that seems to have some pre-conceived notions about my distribution. The installation aborts after not finding apt-get. The command it attempts to run ...
8
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2answers
2k views

lsmod shows -2 in the “Used by” column

This is what happens when i run lsmod on an arm board (banana pi) running on kernel 4.3.0 # lsmod Module Size Used by async_raid6_recov 1434 -2 async_pq 5548 -...
8
votes
1answer
14k views

Cannot compile kernel: error, kernel does not support PIC mode

I have troubles recompiling my Kernel. Downloading the source package, decompress it and running fakeroot make-kpkg kernel_image leads me to the error [...] CHK include/...
8
votes
3answers
32k views

How to remove kernel module if it's still in use?

[rootSERVER ~]# rmmod -f cifs ERROR: Removing 'cifs': Resource temporarily unavailable [rootSERVER ~]# modprobe -r cifs FATAL: Module cifs is in use. [root@SERVER ~]# lsb_release -a LSB Version: :...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Automatically apply module patch and compile kernel when updated?

I've recently applied a one-line patch to drivers/bluetooth/btusb.c in order to enable compatibility with my Bluetooth device. However, whenever I get a kernel upgrade, the patch will be lost until ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

Grubby fatal error in Linux kernel installation

I have compiled Linux kernel 2.6.24.6 from source (without problem) and tried to install it. Specifically, after unpacking the Linux source code, I did make && make modules to compile. Then ...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

What decides which kernel modules are built in the kernel statically during compilation?

I just compiled a new kernel and asked myself: What decides during the compilation process which kernel modules are built in the kernel statically? I then deleted /lib/modules, rebooted and found ...
7
votes
3answers
4k views

How do I disable I2C Designware support when it's not built as a module?

I have an Alienware Aurora R7, running Arch Linux. On shutdown, the kernel panics, with something like this in the panic message (omitting timestamps): BUG: Unable to handle kernel NULL pointer ...
7
votes
2answers
12k views

How much strip(1)-ing is okay for kernel modules?

I regularly create packages for Slackware Linux and part of the process is stripping binaries so that they take up less space. I find that if I strip --strip-all (or strip with no options) kernel ...
7
votes
5answers
13k views

How to determine which module taints the kernel?

My kernel keeps panicking when connected to a certain wireless network. I'd like to send a bug report but my kernel is apparently tainted. From /var/log/messages: Apr 17 21:28:22 Eiger kernel: [...