Questions tagged [initramfs]

The "initial RAM file system" is the successor of initrd. It is a root filesystem that is embedded into the kernel and loaded early in the boot process.

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3answers
6k views

Is the entire kernel loaded into memory on boot?

I read through this popular IBM doc (I see it referred quite often on the web) explaining the function of the initial RAM disk. I hit a wall in conceptualizing how this works though. In the doc it ...
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1answer
5k views

Debian jessie volume group not found and can't boot

I have accidentally deleted my boot partition. OS is Debian Jessie with LUKS LVM. I have created a new partition and successfully reinstalled grub with the chroot method. Now when I try to boot, my ...
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1answer
861 views

How to mount /usr at boot time without an initramfs?

I'm having trouble booting into my system with systemd installed. I wouldn't like to use an initramfs, so I use a self-configured kernel which starts my kernel with the following in-built command line:...
6
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1answer
4k views

Appending files to initramfs image - reliable?

I'm modifying a bunch of initramfs archives from different Linux distros in which normally only one file is being changed. I would like to automate the process without switching to root user to ...
3
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1answer
2k views

How to debug systemd “init” freeze during boot?

I'm trying to get my own init script running on some ARM hardware and Debian Jessie with systemd. The overall boot concept and init script is almost identical to a x86 variant, which works fine. For ...
2
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0answers
342 views

How to boot Linux Mint from USB drive via Grub2

I am trying to install Linux Mint Cinnamon 64 bit on a USB drive so I have a portable desktop wit persistence. I am trying to do this manually because I haven't fount a program that does this ...
3
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1answer
521 views

Two compiles of the same kernel version: one boots, one unable to find root device

I have two compiles of the same kernel version (4.0.5+gentoo patches). One boots, correctly, but lacks several kernel CONFIG flags. Adding those flags and running make all && make install ...
2
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2answers
809 views

Is there a way to get Linux to treat an initramfs as the final root filesystem?

I want to boot a system with an initramfs that's the actual final filesystem, not a temporary initramfs for loading drivers. Unfortunately, Linux imposes different (and in my case, undesirable) ...
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1answer
1k views

(Linux) unable to mount from initramfs [closed]

I am trying to install Linux (Debian) on a new laptop. This requires special care because the laptop keyboard needs a kernel patch (and I have not compiled a kernel for about 10 years). Also, because ...
2
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1answer
397 views

How do I prevent the kernel from pivoting and overwriting the initial file system?

How do I prevent the kernel from pivoting and overwriting the initial file system? What switches do I pass to the kernel? Do I need to add any code to the initramfs? I cross-compiled busybox and ...
3
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2answers
15k views

Missing root VG, dropped to an initramfs shell

My Linux Mint 17.1 (64-bit) uses LVM on its OS drive (an SSD). I must have done "something" to wreck my system, because last time I rebooted, the boot failed. Instead, I got the message "Alert! /dev/...
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0answers
1k views

How do I add modules, binaries or scripts to initramfs in RHEL distributions?

I have an initramfs script I developed for Debian distributions that required some extra binaries to be loaded into the image. I'm now trying to port this to RHEL distributions and I'm struggling. To ...
3
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2answers
580 views

Debian Jessie initramfs-tools strange behavior

My current system is: $ lsb_release -a No LSB modules are available. Distributor ID: Debian Description: Debian GNU/Linux 8.1 (jessie) Release: 8.1 Codename: jessie with kernel: $ uname -a ...
3
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0answers
620 views

How do I bypass entering exit manually at the initramfs prompt?

I installed lubuntu onto my desktop PC and it does not have any other OS on it. Everytime the system boots up, I get to the initramfs prompt. It does not show any errors. If I enter exit, the system ...
3
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1answer
1k views

get back to initramfs on shutdown

I have got my own initramfs running its own init script. After doing some things, it finally calls switch_root and executes the init script of the system, which is mounted in /mnt. Now I want to get ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Relative path to anything not working (while running from initramfs)

I'm working in an embedded Linux system trying to get it booting its root file system in ram using initramfs. The system comes up for the most part but then has trouble in the init scripts. I've ...
4
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1answer
3k views

How to save a file from an initramfs emergency shell?

I can't boot because of some strange error. There is an error report file generated for me, to supposedly submit it along with a bug report, or whatever. So to help me figure out what the problem is, ...
4
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2answers
4k views

How do I determine if my kernel uses initramfs?

I'm reading up on Wake on Lan on Debian wiki https://wiki.debian.org/WakeOnLan and there is a part that says: If your kernel uses an initramfs image (eg. Debian stock kernels), also run update-...
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0answers
3k views

“Illegal instruction (core dumped)” in __lll_lock_elision() for various programs after suspend with initramfs (Arch/Manjaro)

I am getting random "Illegal instruction (core dumped)" on various programs in my Arch Linux system, since I ran some system updates. The crashes are quite random. E.g. sometimes "git status" crashes ...
3
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1answer
795 views

kexec crashing when booting a kernel without initramfs (ARM)

First, a few details about the setup: Linux-3.14.1 ARM am335x chip U-Boot bootloader What I am trying to achieve: U-Boot loads a kernel that contains an initramfs (call this kernel 1). U-Boot ...
10
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2answers
1k views

Difference in execution of init with embedded vs. external initramfs?

I'm building a very minimal Linux system that just consists of the kernel (v4.1-rc5) and an initramfs populated with busybox (v1.23.2). It works fine for the most part, but I observe a difference in ...
2
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1answer
488 views

Copy initramfs to a specific place after build?

I've been hacking on a Raspberry Pi with an Ubuntu 15.04 image. Since I've got an encrypted boot setup, I need to generate an initramfs.gz image in the first partition of the filesystem, which is the ...
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0answers
360 views

Mounting real rootfs after initial booting using initrd

I'm booting kernel with root=/dev/ram0 on a embedded environment. After initial booting, how can I mount real rootfs present at /dev/mtd3 and make it as the only rootfs. I'm using root=/dev/ram0 ...
0
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1answer
864 views

how to add application to initrd.gz

I have an initrd.gz (from linux parag*n live cd) I want to edit the file inside and add app like apache,ophcrack,etc. So far I've done extracting by following these step wiki.ubuntu.com/...
4
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2answers
3k views

Unpacking of initramfs is very slow

I am trying to improve the kernel boot time of my device and I would like some help. I am using OMAPL138 with kernel version 2.6.37 and it takes about 50 seconds until the boot process is finished, ...
2
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2answers
951 views

kernel compilation in ubuntu, reboot msg “gave up waiting for root device”

I was trying to compile Linux kernel from source file i.e. 3.19.3 kernel version I ran the following commands for compilation first I extracted tar -xvf linux-3.19.3.tar.xz changed to its directory ...
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0answers
40 views

dracut md5sum boot directory

This has been going on for a few months now, but my initramfs (and kernel) for that matter have been placed in /boot/{some hash}/{kernel version}/{initramfs,linux}. Did dracut or some other module ...
9
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1answer
35k views

How to assemble a specific RAID array without using /etc/mdadm.conf

Is it possible to assemble a specific RAID array using mdadm and its scan-functionality, but without the need for a configuration file? Background: I'm using a custom-made initramfs to setup my ...
1
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1answer
2k views

Booting Gentoo on LVM inside LUKS with gpg encrypted keyfile

I'm trying to install Gentoo on LVM logical volume inside LUKS container encrypted with key file encrypted by GPG with passphrase. Everything was going smoothly until I tried to boot. I'm building the ...
2
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0answers
604 views

Disable KMS on Debian Sid

I've recently started having trouble resuming my Sid laptop from suspend. I'm not sure if this was caused by an upgrade or by me tinkering to try and get a splash screen working, but anyway, I have my ...
3
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0answers
182 views

Chainload Windows from initramfs

Is there any way to chainload Windows from/within initramfs ? I am having grub on MBR. An entry in grub.conf, Will boot into the initramfs, execute some task and then boot into the windows (of-course ...
2
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0answers
2k views

module scsi_wait_scan not found on CentOS kernel-ml causes kernel panic on boot

I am attempting to upgrade from kernel-lt to kernel-ml, following the instructions here, however on boot the console is flooded with module "scsi_wait_scan" not found This leads to a general kernel ...
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0answers
55 views

Kernel compilation for minimum program execution

Compiling the Kernel requires me to configure modules. I am unsure how to configure a Kernel which only supports following things: Programs compiled with gcc on other machines (glibc). I want to run ...
7
votes
3answers
6k views

Building a Read-Only Linux System With a Writable Layer in RAM

I have a requirement to boot RHEL 6.6/7.0 into read-only mode with a writable layer only in RAM. I believe this is similar to how live CDs work, in that the file system is read-only, but certain parts ...
1
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1answer
596 views

new motherboard, old disk: “Gave up waiting for root device”, dropping to initramfs; grub reinstallation doesn't help

I want to use a new motherboard with an old disk. The disk has just one partition, with Debian/jessie installed. On booting, Debian is found and begins to start up with usual dmesg output lines. After ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

unable to open luks encrypted device (wrong password)

I'm using CentOS 7 with a luks encrypted root partition. Usually I have to type my password during boot, but sometimes the system doesn't accept it. It reacts as it was wrong, but it isn't. I did not ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

disable dhcp in initramfs

In Debian, how can I tell initramfs not to request an IP address via DHCP? I'm using initramfs-tools. I'd be okay with assigning a static IP address for the initramfs, but I can't find how to set ...
2
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0answers
724 views

Unable to boot with dracut and luks: '/dev/resume' : file exists

I am installing gentoo and have performed my first reboot after configuration and installation within my chroot environment. I am using LUKS and LVM to manage encryption of my drives. I am encrypting ...
6
votes
3answers
6k views

Prevent Debian from auto-assembling RAID at boot

I set up a Debian wheezy (7.6), installed openmediavault, and created a software raid 5 with that. It is listed at /dev/md127. Now I want to move that to a virtual XEN VM. To do so, I have to stop ...
6
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4answers
10k views

Unlock LUKS encrypted Debian root with key file on boot partition

I'm trying to decrypt the Debian root with a key file stored in the boot partition (decrypted partition). This will break the security, but it doesn't matter now. I have to conclude this successfully ...
3
votes
0answers
291 views

How to abort/cancel a running command in initramfs?

When I invoke a long-running command, e.g. du, I don't see a way to abort/cancel it (Strg/Ctrl+c doesn't work), other shells/ttys aren't available. Am I completely doomed after having started a long ...
2
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0answers
677 views

How to regenerate an initramfs with ash built-in shell?

I foolishly edited my /etc/mkinitcpio.conf and now my computer won't boot. It drops down to (initramfs). It claims it cannot find the root device. However, cat /proc/cmdline shows the correct UUID of ...
9
votes
2answers
6k views

extract Embedded initramfs

I have a kernel in which one initramfs is embedded. I want to extract it. I got the output x86 boot sector when I do file bzImage I have System.map file for this kernel image. Is there any way to ...
1
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1answer
290 views

MDADM Array Detection Slowing Down Boot - Why?

I have an AMD64 Gentoo (running systemd) build with a RAID0 root and some other arrays (RAID1 boot, RAID1 home etc..). The boot process is being slowed down quite dramatically as mdadm searches the ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

How can I replace root / filesystem with another filesystem?

When the Linux kernel starts up, it uses initrd as the root / filesystem, then replaces that with a filesystem partition in fstab. Based on a test in an early init script, I want to replace that root ...
3
votes
1answer
721 views

eCryptfs key in kernel image or initramfs

I have an embedded Linux system with unencrypted kernel image and initramfs in NAND flash. My RootFS is in SD card. I want to encrypted some files on SD Card as my SD card is easily accessible ...
7
votes
2answers
501 views

How do I know what decompression algorithms are compiled-in into the linux kernel?

If /proc/config.gz is unavailable, how do I know what decompression algorithms the running kernel is capable of using on a compressed cpio initramfs? Is the gzip algorithm always available, even when ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Live Distros: UBCD boot Deft, Caine, and Tails from Custom Menu

I'm building my own UBCD and I'm using dual layer to fit 7.5Gigs Useful resources for UBCD customization: The SYSLINUX Project UBCD Customize Casper Man Page Live Boot Man Page Here's my custom.cfg ...
4
votes
1answer
13k views

Arch Linux in Qemu : Failed to access perfctr msr error

I got the Arch Linux (march build) iso file through bittorrent lately. I tried to run it in VM, but it only gets up to the main screen (The screen where you select what you want to do) shown below: ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Boot resolution change in initramfs on laptop monitor and HDMI monitor

I have Linux Mint 17 on my laptop. Also I have 22'' monitor connected to laptop using HDMI cable. My disk if fully encrypted with LUKS and LVM. On boot I get graphical prompt to enter password for ...