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Questions tagged [initramfs]

The "initial RAM file system" is the successor of initrd. It is a root filesystem that is embedded into the kernel and loaded early in the boot process.

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1answer
60 views

Debian drive keeps corrupting

After logging in to my Debian machine, I just get a black screen. When going to tty1 I see "xset unable to open display". When I next reboot, I get into initramfs because of some bad blocks om /dev/...
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1answer
526 views

Two compiles of the same kernel version: one boots, one unable to find root device

I have two compiles of the same kernel version (4.0.5+gentoo patches). One boots, correctly, but lacks several kernel CONFIG flags. Adding those flags and running make all && make install ...
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0answers
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Device load on initramfs broke on dist-upgrade

I'm working on raspberry, with raspbian wheezy, for a fun embedded project. For this project, i need to display the project logo on the integrated touchscreen (tontec mz61561) as soon as it is powered....
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2answers
688 views

New installation freezes at loading initramfs [closed]

Recently I got Acer Aspire ES 14 into my hands and wanted to install Lubuntu on it. I dissabled UEFI, system was successfully installed but it freezes after reboot. I tried to boot in recovery mode ...
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2answers
540 views

Initramfs and Block Devices

In this introduction to initramfs, Robert Landley mentions the following as the motivation behind ramfs. But ramdisks actually waste even more memory due to caching. Linux is designed to cache ...
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1answer
283 views

How to use only automatically build RAID arrays on Ubuntu?

I have an Ubuntu 16.06 system where / on an SSD primary partition and /home with md RAID0 on four SSD devices. The file /etc/mdadm/mdadm.conf is automatically generated by mkconf and contains no ...
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1answer
2k views

How to boot into initramfs?

I am on Linux Mint 18 and would like to fully check the root filesystem. My current idea is to boot into initramfs and run fsck -f /dev/sdb2 I am able to get to recovery console, and therefore grub.
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1answer
4k views

systemd-boot: /vmlinuz-linux not found

I installed the systemd boot loader. But while booting it shows /vmlinuz-linux and initramfs-linux.img not found. How can I fix this? My directory structure is as follows; Output of lsblk:
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2answers
5k views

update-initramfs selects wrong kernel

I'm running Debian 8 Jessie with kernel 4.1.20 from kernel.org. For some reason when I do update-initramfs -u it tells me the following: /boot/initrd.img-4.4.4 does not exist. Cannot update. For some ...
3
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1answer
487 views

initrd or ramfs for SLES as /

I would like to boot a SLES and run it out of a ramdisk. I would like to setup machines so that they start PXE boot and as part of the PXE boot process they pull across an image that is the root ...
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2answers
3k views

Console setting in initramfs (ARM)

I'm in the process of porting the embedded system for a picozed-based platform from the Xilinx-v2013.4 (3.12 kernel) to the Xilinx-v2016.2 (4.4 kernel). The former version still makes use of an ...
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1answer
78 views

Cannot boot up when Adaptec SCSI card is replaced

Current Fedora 19 installation is on an Adaptec 29320 and I am trying to temporarily replace it with an Adaptec 29160. The functionality of the cards is very nearly the same except the replacement is ...
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1answer
3k views

No support for locale: en_US.utf8

I am on Linux Mint 17.3. I saw this in the syslog. Processing triggers for initramfs-tools (0.103ubuntu4.3) ... Apr 9 12:01:47 vb-nb-mint updates: update-initramfs: Generating /boot/initrd.img-3.19....
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373 views

build initramfs for different host

Cross compiling a kernel takes minutes, deploying the thing on the target machine takes an hour. Most of the time is spent generating the initramfs. Both the build host and the target run Fedora which ...
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2answers
3k views

/dev/sdb* not available after boot - initramfs does not load uas and usb_storage modules

Initramfs on my Debian testing system is not able automatically load necessary kernel modules for external USB 3 HDD (Seagate Backup Plus 1T) if it was already plugged in when initramfs started. If I ...
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1answer
69 views

Mount and copy /var to EC2 instance store during first boot

I'm running EC2 EBS images on instances with instance stores on /xvdb and /xvdc. I have managed to create a script to raid these two drives on first boot and mount them as /mnt. I am doing this as a ...
1
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1answer
472 views

How to put initramfs and kernel on two separate partition?

I'd like to put the initramfs on a USB device will keeping the linux kernel on the SSD, so I get the fast boot while protecting my encryption settings on the USB device. Any idea how to do that ?
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1answer
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How to create ASCII cpio archive (SVR4 with no CRC)?

I have a file in /boot/initramfs.gz extract it using tar -xzvf initramfs.gz -C ./ I got a file initramfs. └──╼ $ file initramfs initramfs: ASCII cpio archive (SVR4 with no CRC) It can be open using ...
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1answer
652 views

Dropped in (initramfs) after installing Zorin OS 11

I am trying to install Zorin OS on Fujitsu Lifebook AH530. The installation runs smoothly, but when system reboots, it drops into (initramfs) shell, with the message: ALERT~ /dev/disk/by-uuid/.... ...
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0answers
1k views

switch_root with systemd: “Too many levels of symbolic links”

I'm trying to boot a proprietary kernel build and OS after an upgrade to libc and numerous other tools. I'm booting using an initramfs in the 3.2.0 kernel with some utilities, like busybox. However, ...
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1answer
3k views

Patching the kernel to allow booting without initrd

The first answer of 'Why does Linux use an Initial Ram Disk at boot?' states that the initrd/initial ram filesystem is used to provide drivers to mount the real root filesystem. It also says that it ...
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1answer
11k views

After installing a new Kernel in Ubuntu 14.04, rebooting takes me to busybox initramfs. How do I mount a filesystem after that?

I have a virtual machine with Ubuntu 14.04 in it. I recently built and installed linux-3.14.5 kernel on it, and tried to boot into it, but it drops me to BusyBox v1.21.1 built-in shell. Here's what I ...
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0answers
624 views

How do I bypass entering exit manually at the initramfs prompt?

I installed lubuntu onto my desktop PC and it does not have any other OS on it. Everytime the system boots up, I get to the initramfs prompt. It does not show any errors. If I enter exit, the system ...
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2answers
6k views

extract Embedded initramfs

I have a kernel in which one initramfs is embedded. I want to extract it. I got the output x86 boot sector when I do file bzImage I have System.map file for this kernel image. Is there any way to ...
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0answers
357 views

Different mount output with and without initramfs

I need to create an initramfs to load a driver to access EMMC which contains the root filesystem. In my current kernel build, the EMMC driver is modular (sorry, can't change this). After the kernel ...
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1answer
65 views

debian from disk to big disk: what i miss? [closed]

Usually i migrate virtual machine to new bigger disk following this procedure a)Attach new disk b)Mount to mnt c)rsync -avogpP --delete /olddirs /mnt/newdirs except for tmp proc sys dev,i use to ...
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Creating initramfs

I was doing a lab on a machine whose initramfs was removed. I regenerated it by following command for latest kernel on that machine dracut -f initramfs-versionoflatestkernel.img ...
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0answers
196 views

Can't boot from live USB after Debian install

I've recently installed Debian on my old Itautec pc, from a live USB with a Jessie net install. Everything was working fine, but after trying to restore configurations from an old server, I ...
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0answers
36 views

How do I extract the initramfs from a kernel image? [duplicate]

An initramfs, as opposed to an initrd, is built-in to a kernel file. How do I go about extracting and unpacking an initramfs from a given kernel file?
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2answers
2k views

Extracting concatenated cpio archives

initramfs archives on Linux can consist of a series of concatenated, gzipped cpio files. Given such an archive, how can one extract all the embedded archives, as opposed to only the first one? The ...
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0answers
360 views

Mounting real rootfs after initial booting using initrd

I'm booting kernel with root=/dev/ram0 on a embedded environment. After initial booting, how can I mount real rootfs present at /dev/mtd3 and make it as the only rootfs. I'm using root=/dev/ram0 ...
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2answers
2k views

How can I install Linux on a UEFI system with Secure boot?

My motherboard is a Gigabyte 990XA-UD3 (CPU 1), it's a UEFI -Dual boot, and when I try installing Linux Mint 16 Cinnamon or Ubuntu 13.10 it always bring this error (initramfs) Unable to find a medium ...
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1answer
768 views

What step am I missing to get my 2.6 ARM kernel running in QEMU?

I am trying to cross-compile and boot a Linux 2.6 kernel for ARM using QEMU. I have basically followed the same instructions that are included in seemingly every single tutorial on the topic. ...
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0answers
524 views

How to change the order of HOOKS in debian iniramfs configuration?

Hello I installed Archlinux to learn and now I'm insalling Debian but the initramfs setup is quite different from the mkinitcpio from Arch. My question is : where do I find the order in which the ...
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1answer
20k views

What is the equivalent of mkinitcpio.conf on debian?

I want to review that the hooks used to build the initrd.img are correct in my debian but I fail to find the /etc/mkinitcpio.conf file like the one in Archlinux, what is the equivalent of this file in ...
2
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0answers
601 views

Cannot boot kali linux after dist-upgrade, stucks at 'Loading initial ramdisk …'

I did a dist-upgrade from 4.3.0-kali1-amd64 to 4.4.0-kali1-amd64 but when I restart, the screen stucks at 'Loading initial ramdisk ...'. I had to use the advanced boot options to boot using 4.3.0-...
5
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1answer
4k views

md raid not mounted by dracut

Background I'm running Centos 7. Originally, it was running on a single disk that looked something like this: 1 200M EFI System (/boot/efi) 2 500M Microsoft basic (/boot) 3 465.1G ...
5
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1answer
5k views

mdadm: no devices listed in conf file were found - Debian 8 with GPT

I have a Debian Jessie (3.16.7-ckt20-1+deb8u3) system with RAID1 on 2x 3TB hard drives. Grub can't be installed into MBR on drives >2TB, thus I have GPT with 1MB bios partition: Device Start ...
5
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1answer
6k views

Adding a file to /etc of initramfs in Debian Wheezy

I have added the file /etc/initramfs-tools/etc/motd so that it would be available in /etc of the initramfs environment. However, it does not turn up. This is my second try where I gave the file all ...
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0answers
396 views

Make changes to busybox/initramfs that are persistent?

I am in the process of recovering my 32-bit Debian Jessie box with a lvm+LUKS disk. I am coming back from a system that had a root partition but no boot partition. Grub executes, but either vmlinuz or ...
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4answers
12k views

Given vmlinuz and initrd.gz, how do I find out, where the kernel is going to load / (root) file system from?

I'm trying various ways of Linux installation (from iso, flash, iso on flash, kernel on flash, root FS in iso-file on flash...) and want to understand what's going on. My question is: is it possible, ...
4
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1answer
509 views

On Gentoo, ZFS stops working after 0.6.5 update

I just updated my Gentoo system, updating my world, including ZFS. Everything but the kernel. I figured I'd do a reboot first, then build a new kernel. Currently, it's running on kernel 3.17.8-gentoo-...
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3answers
6k views

Is the entire kernel loaded into memory on boot?

I read through this popular IBM doc (I see it referred quite often on the web) explaining the function of the initial RAM disk. I hit a wall in conceptualizing how this works though. In the doc it ...
3
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1answer
2k views

How to set laptop screen brightness just after boot with full disk encryption

my girlfriend bought Lenovo Essential G500 i5-3230 and I installed Linux Mint 16 on it with full disk encryption. It is standard installation with encryption using dmcrypt and LUKS. But there is a ...
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1answer
882 views

How to mount /usr at boot time without an initramfs?

I'm having trouble booting into my system with systemd installed. I wouldn't like to use an initramfs, so I use a self-configured kernel which starts my kernel with the following in-built command line:...
2
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0answers
344 views

How to boot Linux Mint from USB drive via Grub2

I am trying to install Linux Mint Cinnamon 64 bit on a USB drive so I have a portable desktop wit persistence. I am trying to do this manually because I haven't fount a program that does this ...
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0answers
1k views

How do I add modules, binaries or scripts to initramfs in RHEL distributions?

I have an initramfs script I developed for Debian distributions that required some extra binaries to be loaded into the image. I'm now trying to port this to RHEL distributions and I'm struggling. To ...
3
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2answers
581 views

Debian Jessie initramfs-tools strange behavior

My current system is: $ lsb_release -a No LSB modules are available. Distributor ID: Debian Description: Debian GNU/Linux 8.1 (jessie) Release: 8.1 Codename: jessie with kernel: $ uname -a ...
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2answers
5k views

busybox initramfs loop mount

I'm trying to loop mount my root filesystem (a loop file) within a busybox initramfs. I try to run the command: mount /rootfs.raw /root ... which works on my Ubuntu laptop, however, I simply get ...
3
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1answer
1k views

get back to initramfs on shutdown

I have got my own initramfs running its own init script. After doing some things, it finally calls switch_root and executes the init script of the system, which is mounted in /mnt. Now I want to get ...