Questions tagged [init]

init is the first actual process (PID 1) spawned during the boot sequence of a UNIX system. Some systems may rely on alternative solutions such as systemd or Upstart (Ubuntu).

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Startup services on Debian 9

I tried to remove some services from startup using various software like: bum sysv-rc-conf rcconf But... some services are still executed, like MySQL, OpenVPN, MongoDB etc. I wonder if I am missing ...
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Put console on ttyS0 if guest OS is booted headlessly

We're using Debian 4 (No systemd) for our product. I run it as a guest OS managed by VirtualBox for testing purposes. Here's how I use it: For manual debugging, I have the guest OS's console on its ...
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Why does systemctl isolate multi-user.target succeed only once?

I was just taught here that systemctl isolate multi-user.target is the modern way to unload the graphic shell, which was done by init 3 previously. I see that init 3 still works in my system but it ...
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Why do we need initramfs and initrd

For example we have exotic file system on the disk and in order to load system we need mount root filesystem. But we cannot because there is no suitable driver exists in kernel image. Let me ...
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1answer
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What are the variables $remote_fs and $syslog on SysVinit LSB header?

From: https://wiki.debian.org/LSBInitScripts Add a block like this in the init.d script: ### BEGIN INIT INFO # Provides: scriptname # Required-Start: $remote_fs $syslog ...
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Shutdown procedure clarification

The book "How Linux Works" says the general shutdown procedure (independent of init system) is something like this: init asks every process to shut down cleanly. If a process doesn’t respond after a ...
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How to use Upstart scripts on CentOS7?

I need to create a file /etc/init/start_swift.conf with following commands: description "mount swift drives" start on runlevel [234] stop on runlevel [0156] exec /opt/swift/bin/mount_devices But the ...
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1answer
801 views

Why does using the service command work on a systemd distro?

I'm trying to understand the Linux init system. I don't understand how there are three competing systems, yet the service command seems to work on all of them. From the service commands man page: ...
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1answer
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When in the fallback shell, how do you start init?

I booted my system using in grub : linux /boot/vmlinuz-4.5.0 root=/dev initrd /boot/initrd-4.5.0 I set root to dev to specifically not get it to boot correctly. Of course it falls back to the ...
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Booting Into a TTY with No Graphics?

I'm a little new to this so I apologize if my question is hard to follow. I'm running Arch Linux, systemd as the init system, and I would like to boot into a plain TTY with no graphics. I've tried to ...
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How can I permanently disable a xinput device?

I have a rogue xinput device due to some OS error that sends key press signals even tough nothing is pressed thereby causing screen flickering and the loss of mouse focus. The device is: xinput list ...
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1answer
634 views

In inittab, trying to set environment variable before executing script

In inittab, I have an entry that looks like this: scpt:234:once:RSYNC_OPTIONS=-q /path/to/script/script.sh arg1 arg2 arg3 2>&1 However, it fails because it's actually attempting to execute ...
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Best way to start multiple “screen” scripts after restart? (centos)

We are using centos. As soon as the server is restarted and the OS is fully loaded, we would like to have a certain user ("foo") start three or four scripts with screen. For example, screen -d -m -S ...
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1answer
303 views

Running code before initrd has been removed and after the root filesystem has been mounted

I looked here Kernel boot process and I tried to understand how to run a script before initrd filesystem removed and but after the root filesystem has been mounted (EncFS), If I understand it ...
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Running Python application on boot through init.d script

I am trying to start an Python application on a Debian based OS that is running on a router. This application comes prebundled with site-packages and a python binary. Like a virtual environment. The ...
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1answer
788 views

Do I need set ulimit for system services, such as nginx.service(systemd)/nginx(sysv)?

I know, when we run application in shell for a large website, we'd better set ulimit for our shell, But most of the service is started by systemd/sysv. Do I need set the ulimit in the service ...
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How to disable X server autostart in Debian Jessie?

I have a remote machine running Debian 8 (Jessie) with lightdm installed. I want it to start in no-GUI mode, but I don't want to remove all X-related stuff to still be able to run it though SSH with ...
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2answers
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Real world use of suckless's “sinit” init [closed]

I'm trying to set sinit as an init for linux (on a pc..). My goal at moment is simply running a single tty/bash from it. No special mounting is required as the kernel already gets a root=/dev/sda2 for ...
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1answer
239 views

Suppress console output when switching runlevels

Is there any way to silence the output that occurs on TTY1 when switching runlevels? I'm talking about the output like in the following image: I have a simple UI that may be running on TTY1 when the ...
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1answer
324 views

Shutdown with keyboard press doesn't work

I have a Debian Jessie build, and I want to add keyboard shutdown. I've tried the following, without any success: Attempt 1 To /etc/inittab I added ca:12345:ctrlaltdel:/sbin/shutdown -t1 -a -r now ...
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1answer
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Cryptsetup: LVM is missing (on a system without LVM)

So, I have a problem with the partitions setup of my laptop. I will try to include as many details as possible in order to make it easier to help. In the past, I had an ubuntu 15.10 system on my ...
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Startup script needs root permissions

I have a script that I need to run at startup. I have it in init.d. I need to execute one of the commands within the script with root permissions. How do I go about doing this? Edit 1: For reference,...
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Linux: Why do init and systemd use so much I/O?

This is probably unanswerable. But maybe someone else will have this problem and find this question, append to it, or proffer an answer. I discovered the pidstat command with its -d option, today. ...
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Why does init disable the process if it's respawning too fast?

In case when a process specified in /etc/inittab crashes init says: INIT: Id "x1" respawning too fast: disabled for 5 minutes Why is it doing it? What can be done during these 5 minutes if crash ...
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1answer
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Kali Linux 2.0 - Startup Text has disappeared

On Kali Linux 2, before you are greeted with the GUI login screen, there is some pre-GUI text that scrolls on the screen. It shows you what modules and programs are working correctly, which ones ...
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Does anything USE /dev/initctl or /run/initctl

I have been investigating code for a UPS for a Raspberry Pi that is using sysv init rather than systemd (personal preference and familiarity). I was looking into how a privileged script - possibly ...
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Can a zombie have orphans? Will the orphan children be disturbed by reaping the zombie?

As I understand it, a zombie process has died but still exists as a placeholder in the process table until its parent (or init if the zombie is itself an orphan) checks its exit status. And my ...
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1answer
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Run init.d script during boot

I need to do something apparently quite simple: run a script on a Debian 8.2 machine during boot (or during shutdown, both of them are fine). The script just moves and renames some files, so the ...
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1answer
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Embedded Linux and Init problem - Init won't start

I'm working on a embedded system. I have multiple SD cards to save copy of Linux rootfs on (kernel saved in nand). On a original SD card, where is located a system, and from this card the system is ...
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3answers
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Why can't the kernel run init?

I've downloaded the Raspbian image on this page. I'm trying to compile a kernel that can be used to boot the image within qemu. I downloaded the Linux kernel source from kernel.org and ran: make ...
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1answer
432 views

“Required-Stop:” line in System-V type init script LSB header

I wrote a daemon which watches for files in certain directory and if a new file is copied to this directory, then it is committed to SVN. New files appear in this directory only if remote devices copy ...
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1answer
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Reason for rc<boot_facility> named symbolic links in OpenSUSE

OpenSUSE 11.4 has rc<boot_facility> named symbolic links in /usr/bin/, /usr/sbin/ and /sbin/ directories: # find / -type l -iname "rc*" /etc/rc.d /usr/bin/rcs2log /usr/sbin/rcmysql /usr/sbin/...
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2answers
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Which steps does “insserv” take to install an init(System-V) script?

I played around with a LSB init script under Debian Wheezy(init is from sysvinit package version 2.88dsf-41+deb7u1) for learning purposes. My script is following: # cat /etc/init.d/test-script #! /...
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1answer
499 views

Which utility reads LSB headers in System V style init scripts?

Various older Linux distributions, which support System V type init scripts, require one to add LSB header to init script. For example a LSB header from /etc/init.d/sshd from OpenSUSE 11.4: ### BEGIN ...
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1answer
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FTP server to start when changing runlevel 2 to 5

I've been searching for this a little while now: How do I, when I change from runlevel 2 to runlevel 5, start f.e. proftpd? When I go back to runlevel 2, the service should be stopped again. So - ...
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1answer
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lsyncd won't start at startup

My os is mint 17.2 First off, when I start it with: sudo /etc/init.d/lsyncd start it starts. But when I reboot my system it isn't started by default. How do I have it start at boot time? I had ...
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2answers
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How does systemd use /etc/init.d scripts?

I just switched to debian jessie, and most things run okay, including my graphical display manager wdm. The thing is, I just don't understand how this works. Obviously my /etc/init.d/wdm script is ...
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1answer
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Qemu - substitute the init process

I have a couple of questions concerning qemu boot options 1) When using the following argument init=/bin/sh It works - but is really the init-process replaced by a sh-process? Qemu-system-x86_64 -...
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Is systemd “malicious”? [closed]

Visiting some forum online that discuss about Debian and Xubuntu, I saw some users that add this line in the signature field: ...With no systemd... This line is showed with pride (it seems to me). ...
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1answer
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chkconfig does not support my script

I have looked and looked and none of the threads I have found are helping. We have a tomcat startup script that we modified slightly for our needs. It works fine on Centos / redhat 6 boxes, but does ...
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1answer
359 views

Where do service permissions come from

I'm trying to broaden my knowledge of the events surrounding system startup. I see that there are many process which are started without root level permissions. e.g. rsyslogd is listed as running ...
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2answers
531 views

Create persistent process without inittab

I have a virtual server running Ubuntu 14.04 LTS x64 and I want to create a persistent process that restarts with the system and when it crashes. To do that, I've added the following lines to the "...
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0answers
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MySQL update failed (debian)

I have problem updating MySQL server (pkg mysql-server5.5) MySQL server "can't stop" [FAIL] Stopping MySQL database server: mysqld failed! invoke-rc.d: initscript mysql, action "stop" failed. dpkg: ...
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1answer
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how to completely blank video output on boot (no kernel logging, grub output, etc.)

So, this is an inversion of the classic question: "Why is my terminal blank on boot?" -- How do I make my terminal blank on boot? I'm creating a Debian Wheezy system with GRUB as the boot loader that ...
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2answers
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Init system with dependency handling and service file format on *BSD

I'd like to know whether there are any Systemd equivalents for *BSD distributions, basically something that can handle dependencies between services (service A requires B to be started, so until B is ...
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2answers
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systemd in the era of hotplugable devices

One argument I hear often about systemd is that it more adapted to current hardware needs, e.g. here Computers changed so much that they often doesn’t even look like computers. And their ...
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2answers
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Launch node & chrome after system boot

I've a RaspberryPi, and I would like to run a nodeJS script (running a server), and then open Chrome when the server has been launched. Currently, I launch my nodeJS script thanks to a script in /etc/...
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1answer
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what is the canonical way to start a daemon in rhel/centos-6 init script?

I found lots of good documentation for ubuntu's start-stop-daemon and there is a man page for a binary daemon. But from what I can tell the canonical way to start a daemon in a rhel/centos script is ...
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2answers
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Creating a shutdown only script with update-rc.d

I have a Raspberry PI running the standard Raspbian distribution. I have this little C program that I need to run at the very end of the shutdown sequence. All it does is send a couple of logical high ...
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1answer
2k views

inittab respawn and rc.local

At the moment I have a daemon starting at boot using rc.local by the following line. su -l user -c '/dir/daemon' but I would like to start this process as a service with respawn. I found out that it ...