Questions tagged [init]

init is the first actual process (PID 1) spawned during the boot sequence of a UNIX system. Some systems may rely on alternative solutions such as systemd or Upstart (Ubuntu).

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Add item to inittab on OpenSuse 12.1

I am currently working on a project which needs to be added to inittab so that the program loads during startup. The program that I am trying to start is a c# mono application. I have created a ...
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1answer
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What will happen if I run the command init in my Ubuntu Gnome terminal?

command init seems to be the first process running after each booting. If I init in my Ubuntu Gnome terminal, will that restart my OS?
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1answer
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How do systemd and chkconfig interact with respect to services and runlevels?

I recently updated some of our machines to Fedora 17. I have noticed that there are some services that I can configure their runlevels using chkconfig, while others don't appear there at all, and can ...
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2answers
479 views

Why is a service being started if it isn't mentioned in /etc/init.d?

After a clean install of Fedora 17 and distcc-server, I did a service distccd start, which completed successfully. man service indicates that it would merely be running the distccd script at /etc/...
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2answers
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How to enable and disable X11 outside of init

We have an embedded version of Meego Linux running on an x86 chip-set that currently uses X11 as the window technology. For various reasons we want to remove X11 from the mix (along with mutter, we ...
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2answers
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buildroot/busybox: launch bootchartd on startup

I built a custom linux image using buildroot and busybox. To speed up the boot process I'd like to use bootchartd (built-in version of busybox) to profile the process. However bootchartd is not ...
7
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2answers
5k views

Why does debian and ubuntu default to runlevel 2?

I never thought about this before, but I was wondering why they chose runlevel 2. Every other distro and OS I've used default to runlevel 3 (with the exception of AIX which also defaults to runlevel ...
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2answers
2k views

inittab equivalent in fedora 15?

I have just installed Fedora 15 on my laptop. I want to study /etc/inittab as I studied it in RedHat 9. I don't see any script in /etc/inittab. Also , the way the default runlevel can be changed in ...
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3answers
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File in Ubuntu equivalent to /etc/inittab file in RedHat

What file in Ubuntu is equivalent to the /etc/inittab file in RedHat? In RedHat the /etc/inittab file contains the settings related to the runlevel in which you want to boot Linux.
13
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4answers
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What can make passing init=/path/to/program to the kernel not start program as init?

I'm trying to debug an init script on a Linux system; I'm trying to pass init=/bin/sh to the kernel to make it start sh without starting init so I can run through the init sequence manually. What I'...
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5answers
13k views

How can I run a daemon with custom parameters

I am wondering how I can run a daemon, in this case NTP, with custom parameters. For example in my Ubuntu PC I observe that I've got ntpd running this way: $ ps aux | grep ntpd ntp 5936 ... 0:00 /...
2
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1answer
598 views

Ubuntu 11.04 Startup Applicatation vs /etc/init.d

Is there any difference between these two methods for application to start on boot? I need an application to start before a logon occurs and am questioning whether or not Ubuntu's Startup Application ...
4
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1answer
5k views

“INIT: version 2.86 reloading” - cause and fix?

INIT: version 2.86 reloading appears on screen. Encountered this error and it seems there is no other way to fix this other than rebooting the system. unable to ssh in, unable to login via console. ...
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2answers
26k views

Launch process as another user/group (in init.d script)

I am editing a init.d script. The init.d script runs a utility script which then runs an process. From either bash scripts how would I make it launch the main process as a specific user and group?
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1answer
861 views

Init Script initializing daemonized process, but won't return [ok]

I'm new to init scripts, but the one I'm using I've copied almost verbatim (I did have to change a few things around from the source I found to work with Fedora). The daemon initializes fastcgi just ...
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18answers
39k views

Detect init system using the shell

This may have more to do with detecting operating systems, but I specifically need the init system currently in use on the system. Fedora 15 and Ubuntu now use systemd, Ubuntu used to use Upstart (...
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2answers
1k views

How do I start my service at boot-time?

I'm trying to run a CherryPy app on my NetBSD 5.1 box. To have it start automatically, I've added this line to my /etc/rc.local: /bin/httpd & When I boot the machine, some of the output of the ...
26
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1answer
19k views

init process: ancestor of all processes?

I have always learned that the init process is the ancestor of all processes. Why does process 2 have a PPID of 0? $ ps -ef | head -n 3 UID PID PPID C STIME TTY TIME CMD root ...
27
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2answers
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How can I kill a <defunct> process whose parent is init?

Transmission is intermittently hanging on my NAS. If I send SIGTERM, it doesn't disappear from the process list and a <defunct> label appears next to it. If I send a SIGKILL, it still doesn't ...
4
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1answer
5k views

How can you get console backgrounds for Arch Linux?

I have tested out openSUSE and found that the tty1 is a bit different from other systems as the tty has got a background. I know that Knoppix has a tux penguin for each core the computer has, but I'm ...
38
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7answers
49k views

Can root kill init process?

Can root kill init process (the process with pid 1)? What would be its consequences?
182
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6answers
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What are the pros/cons of Upstart and systemd?

It appears systemd is the hot new init system on the block, same as Upstart was a few years ago. What are the pros/cons for each? Also, how does each compare to other init systems?
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7answers
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Start tomcat at startup with administrative privileges

I need one process run before log in to system. How to run it like services? how do I make services in Linux? In Ubuntu and Fedora? The service is customized tomcat