Questions tagged [headless]

Questions concerning use with server having no monitor, keyboard or mouse.

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Issues starting headless installation of NetBSD in VirtualBox

On a headless Ubuntu 22.04 machine, I'd like to start a headless installation of NetBSD 9.2 in VirtualBox. I have a prepared virtual machine with a set of blank disk images attached, as well as with ...
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Selenium XVFB - Unable to receive message from renderer

Overview: Selenium scraper works perfectly in headless mode. Spawning a virtual display shows no errors via XVFB: from xvfbwrapper import Xvfb vdisplay = Xvfb() vdisplay.start() vdisplay.stop() But ...
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Use a rpi as terminal for a headless server

I have 3 computers at home, one for work, one for gaming and one as a server. I need to connect at least two of them to a display, keyboard and mouse. One option is to use a KVM device but, is it ...
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Creating Ubuntu Server VM headlessly

On a Ubuntu Desktop host, how can I install and run Ubuntu Server guest completely headlessly using a terminal/vboxmanage? (this means no GUI at all, not even for the initial Ubuntu Server setup) I am ...
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2 answers
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Running 'login' on a USB port?

I have a small headless Linux server that I'd like to login into. It has an ethernet port, but when I connect it to the network, I do not know what its IP address is to ssh into it. It also has a USB ...
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How to install minimal set of GNOME for VNC headless?

I have some headless machines, running Ubuntu or CentOS. What should I install, to have minimurequired things to run gnome-session from within VNC's xstartup? Looks like groupinstall "GNOME ...
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What apps can I remove in ubuntu headless?

I'm running a headless version of ubuntu on a raspberrypi. I keep running out of space on my 30GB SD main drive. I am not sure why, and can only assume it's because maybe I have some packages ...
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-1 votes
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106 views

Getting display driver for headless install of Kali

I'm trying to get a display driver running for a headless install of Kali. (WSL on win10) Using inxi, I can see there is no driver installed, basically because I'm running headless. I've scoured the ...
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What directory specifications need to be followed on servers?

On PCs, the XDG Desktop specifications allow the individual desktops to set different folders for various data. When writing an application that will only ever be run on servers, should one simply ...
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"systemd-tmpfiles-setup.service" slow on read-only filesystem

On a headless embedded computer (booting on a read-only filesystem), I see that systemd-tmpfiles-setup.service is rather slow, and prevents other services to start earlier (I checked with systemctl ...
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How To Reset Debian 11 Background to Default From Terminal (while headless)

In my Debian 11 computer, I changed the background from settings. As soon as this happened, the computer froze. I rebooted it, but anytime you log in it is a blank white screen with a topbar and ...
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kali headless wifi from Raspberry Pi?

I am trying to configure a Kali install on a headless raspberry pi 4 to connect to the wifi network automagically after a reboot. I recall doing it a year or so ago and the process seemed relatively ...
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Where are files saved when using mount --bind?

I was reading this question: Access to original contents of mount point and it raised a question for me: When saving a new file under a point where a drive has been mounted with the --bind option that ...
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Is there a lightweight tool for web-browsing automation from terminal?

I'm aware of Selenium python library or headless chromium webdriver but those solutions are heavy and clunky to interface from a shell session (bash, dash, etc). Is there a minimal and lightweight ...
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1 vote
1 answer
69 views

Running a process at startup and viewing its console output via ssh (or other means)

Is there a way I can have a process on a headless server which runs at startup, and still be able to connect remotely at a later time to view the console input? I need to be able to view console ...
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Multiple dummy monitors on remote headless Linux for VNC to local multiple monitors

I submit defeat. I have been trying to configure my remote Linux box to have two dummy monitors so that I can use multiple local monitors to VNC into it. I'm surprised that no one else has needed help ...
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How can I run a headless AI server with k80 TPU? I still want to run X11 programs on an X server or Wayland

-1 I set up a system with a 1050 ti gpu and a k80 tpu. It works fine. When I remove the 1050 ti, I can't ssh into this system. I think the system isn't booting. Because I'm trying to run headless, I ...
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Debian stuck on nouveau after first install

I've just reinstalled an old gaming PC with Debian 10.9 netinst that I want to use as a headless server. I planned to only use the Nvidia graphics card for the installation then disconnect it and use ...
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How to check web page for changes from terminal?

Is there a way to check if a web page changes using the command line? Something like this: $ check-for-changes https://bbc.co.uk/web-page https://bbc.co.uk/web-page just changed Using a headless ...
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How to set up a bridge interface, add eth0 to it, and have internet connection

I am trying to set up br0 with eth0 and veth1 on a headless server where I am logged in via ssh. I am doing this as a preparation to run a systemd service in a special namespace. This namespace will ...
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1 answer
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Ubuntu 16.04 /etc/network/interfaces vs GUI locations

I can edit /etc/network/interfaces on Ubuntu 16.04 to manually set IP information. I can also use the lightdm/unity/GUI to set it via the "Network" application. I started with a headed/GUI ...
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1 vote
2 answers
342 views

How to install Debian in under 500M?

Is it possible to build a Debian system with apt, bash, and systemd under 500M? I tried using Debian's net-installer and opted for the most barebone settings (literally installed nothing). Then booted ...
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Install Unity 3d Without X

I'm trying to setup Jenkins to work with Unity3d for CI of a game I'm developing. However, I can't work out how to install Unity3d without using the Hub which needs an X Server. I'd rather not install ...
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2 answers
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Steam streaming from a headless Linux machine with gpu acceleration

I would like to have a headless machine run steam without having a monitor, mouse or keyboard attached to it and have it use the dedicated GPU (a GTX 970) to stream games over the network. I have ...
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2 votes
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Grub not booting Debian without GPU attached

Summary of the problem: I want to boot a up to date Debian Buster (freshly installed in UEFI mode; only installed it to test; did not install any desktop environment or X11 or anything alike) without ...
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Remote unencryption start-up hdd ubuntu 18.04

So ideally I would have posted a comment to this thread SSH to decrypt encrypted LVM during headless server boot?, but apparently I am not allowed to do that until I have 50 reputation.. Anyway I ...
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ImportError: Cannot load backend 'TkAgg' which requires the 'tk' interactive framework, as 'headless' is currently running

I have a headless CentOS 7 on my VPS that runs headless Jupyter, and I use Putty on Windows 10 to connect to the server and see the Jupyter result on my browser. Everything is OK but Jupyter plots ...
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914 views

How can I synchronize the clipboard of terminal applications on a server without X?

On machines with X server, I've used the selection clipboard to synchronize copy/paste across GUI and terminal programs. Now I have a server without X where I'd like to synchronize copy/paste across ...
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2 answers
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Ubuntu Server won't start if no GPU is installed

I try to set my old PC as a headless Ubuntu Server. When I first installed it with a GPU and then removed the GPU everything worked as excepted. My Motherboard (Asus p8p67-m) made one long and three ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Display xvfb output in remote PC

I have a Windows pc that I use to connect to my Ubuntu PC over ssh that I use as a server (18.04) that is connected only to the internet and power (No monitor). When I run glxgears -info I only get 8-...
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2 votes
2 answers
545 views

Getting A USB Monitor And It's Drivers To Work On A Headless Computer

I'm creating a new computer set up and have ran into a snag: I can't get the Cubi to boot headless even with server software installed on it's hard drive. Hardware MSI Cubi 251US: specs Asus ...
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Why does my server crash?

I use SSH to remotely access a computer (running Ubuntu Server) that I use to host a Minecraft server. For some reason, when I run start.sh, which is supposed to start my Minecraft server, my SSH ...
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4 votes
2 answers
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I Was on Debian stable - How did I end up on Bullseye?

Maybe a silly question, but a remote server was down for an extended period today. When it came back up, I realized the downtime was apparently due to a system upgrade, from Debian Buster (stable) to ...
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headless chromium-browser command syntax issue

I'm having some issue with the headless chromium-browser not creating the html files correctly. The only thing / file that gets created is a single {}.html file My domains.txt contains: https://ibm....
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Pulseaudio doesn't start correctly unless I run it with strace

So here's a weird problem that I've been experiencing. I've been using PulseAudio to create a fake loopback interface on a Virtual Machine for music streaming purposes. A few days ago the server ...
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Easiest distro and config to setup a headless server with odd hardware?

I managed to get my hands on a surplus 1u rackmount server with oodles of CPU, memory, and HDD space. (Yay! Time to play!) But I don't have any way to get into it! It has a VGA port, and I've ...
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0 votes
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How to headless dual-boot Linuxes?

I'm home user of Centos 7. I've install Centos 8 additionaly. I will install Centos 9 over Centos 7 in the future. So I have and will have old copy and new os on the same hard disk. [root@Prestigio ...
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2 votes
1 answer
1k views

What are the differences between Ubuntu 16.04 and 18.04 for a headless VM?

I'm going to be spinning up several headless Ubuntu VMs in the coming weeks and need to decide which version I should use. I read up on the primary difference between 16 and 18 and found it mainly ...
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How to VNC to Ubuntu 19.04 without monitor while connected via SSH

I am trying to figure out how I can VNC to my Ubuntu 19.04 desktop which doesn't have a monitor or keyboard/mouse. I installed Ubuntu 19.04 on an external USB hard drive using my MacBook Air. I then ...
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20 votes
6 answers
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Why is su world executable?

I have a headless server that is logged into remotely by multiple users. None of the other users are in the sudoers file, so they cannot obtain root via sudo. However, since the permissions on su are -...
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3 votes
1 answer
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How to use fbi from systemd service

I'm trying to display images on a television from a system with no Xserver (Raspbian Buster). I can't get fbi working from a systemd service but it works through ssh terminal. The following works ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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How to automate selection of type of installation by editing Isolinux?

I'm trying to fully automate the process of Debian 9 installation, by using a preseed config file. The OS will be installed inside a VM on a remote headless server. The only step which still requires ...
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5 votes
1 answer
840 views

Why does abiword tell users to get a life?

When the word processor abiword is called on a headless machine, one of the issued warnings reads (emphasis mine): ** (abiword:2020): WARNING **: clutter failed 0, get a life. What does this warning ...
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2 votes
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Redirect all keyboard input to a detached screen session

I'm trying to build a headless system using a Raspberry Pi; I have two programs runnning on it, one to catch all the input from a barcode reader (a simple keyboard emulation device) and one to display ...
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2 votes
2 answers
2k views

Run 2 instances of qbittorrent-nox on same linux

I've been using qbittorrent-nox + WebUI on a headless server for a few months and it's working pretty good. I'd like to separate a bunch of torrents I seed and that I keep active for months hoping ...
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Access /etc/network/interfaces by inserting the HDD in another PC

I disabled the wrong network interface in the /etc/network/interfaces file on my headless Ubuntu PC. Now I can't ssh into it. I'd need to edit the file again and I don't have a display for that ...
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3 votes
1 answer
648 views

How to use system tray with X11 forwarding?

I'm using X11 forwarding to use GUI apps from my headless remote server. Everything was fine until I needed to use a program that needs system tray. Program needs a system tray to work correctly ...
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0 votes
1 answer
1k views

Disable shell prompt in linux

I am using minimal linux without having any GUI installed. I am looking for a way to disable any shell prompt after the system boots but the services should normally start in the background. Either it ...
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2 votes
1 answer
384 views

Use USB-Sound-Device with VLC on Headless RaspPi

I've got a headless Rasberry Pi with a USB Sound Device. I want to play mp3 files with VLC. aplay -l gives me card 0: ALSA [bcm2835 ALSA], device 0: bcm2835 ALSA [bcm2835 ALSA] Subdevices: 7/7 ...
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2 votes
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Headless Server? [closed]

I am running Nessus on a closed network. My OS is Redhat 7.4. I have Bare Metal machines in my data center and Virtual Machines on AWS. When Nessus scans my Bare Metal machines, it correctly ...
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