Questions tagged [hard-disk]

A permanent data storage device used for storing and retrieving digital information using rapidly rotating discs (platters) coated with magnetic material in a rigid form factor (as opposed to floppy disks).

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26 views

How do I repair Linux when I get dropped into BusyBox?

I'm a relatively new Linux user (so please explain things simply!) running Mint 19.3 MATE for the last few months. Tonight I was having some problems streaming music through Firefox. I went to restart ...
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How do I reconcile the amount of data on my HDD?

I have a 500GB NVMe drive that has my entire filesystem. I am running in to problems where I am getting "low disk space" errors, when I really shouldn't be. I did find that my .xsession-...
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How do I measure hard disk READ latency?

I read on this blogpost that I can measure the hard drive write latency using dd if=/dev/zero of=/root/testfile bs=512 count=1000 oflag=dsync, and by reading dd's manpage I realized I can make it &...
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How to manually get initramfs prompt at boot

I'm trying to get an initramfs prompt at boot because I have no USB drives or anything that I can use, and I need to use fsck on my /dev/sda, but that's obviously not allowed while it's mounted. It's ...
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Trying to create partition on hard drive

I am trying to create a partition on a physical hard drive. Here is the output I gent when I use print (parted) print Error: /dev/sdd: ...
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Is it possible to avoid trashing hard disk while using /tmp as a RAM device?

Origin I need to implement some features to my GDB helper scripts but I have to stick with an older version of GDB (5.3, in this case). Since older versions lack so many features, I need to workaround ...
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Why are writes so slow on ext4?

I'm trying to work out why writing to ext4 partitions on my server is so slow. I noticed this issue when I reformatted my off-site backup drives from ExFAT to ext4. When these drives were formatted as ...
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Two disks MD RAID 1 setup running with one disk

I have MD RAID 1 with two disks but one failed and will be replaced soon but till this time is it possible to set the raid to active to access my files because now the state is inactive ? Thank you. ...
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26 views

smartctl not working on Seagate Firecuda NVMe drive

I have a Seagate Firecuda drive that appears to be working, but I cannot get smartctl information on it... is it that this particular drive does not support smartctl or something else? Using lshw I ...
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Failure reading sector 0x… From hd0

I recently installed Manjaro, everything went great (I have installed OS lots of times without any problems), but this time, my computer won't boot for some reasons. It shows me this and I can't type ...
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encountered HDD I/O error?

I'm not sure if this is the proper place to ask about the solution to this issue. I've been slowly piecing together some fragments online, but wanted to ask here. Essentially I think there is some ...
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Need help restoring a corrupted folder

I have a mechanical hard drive that I was trying to access files on. I bought a cheap SATA to USB adapter. Said adapter was underpowered, and I could hear the platter revving up and down. I made the ...
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System Frozen: Input/Output error

I have set up a machine that I use as a server using Ubuntu 20.04 . The machine worked perfectly but lately, it started giving me a really strange behavior. One time while I was working remotely ...
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68 views

NTFS-3G mount problem with GPT / protective MBR

I got some WD 10TB HDD's, initialized them in Windows 10 with an external USB3.0 adapter and formated them as NTFS / GPT. Now i want to mount them in my Debian system, but, blkid does not show the ...
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How can I load an executable into the RAM for periodic calls?

In a long-running Bash script, I'm calling a custom executable (getIdle) which returns the idle time of the system. As I have to periodically call this executable, I guess it creates a huge read ...
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Uncorrectable Error in Hard Disk

My understanding is T10-DIFF/DIX( also known as T10-PI) was proposed to prevent silent data corruption. And of the hard disk/SSD vendors have already implemented/adopted this solution as part of their ...
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Will ddrescue continue from the log if I start using reverse (-R)?

I have used this with ddrescue sudo ddrescue -d -n /dev/sdg1 /media/ubuntu/lagring/deive.img /media/ubuntu/lagring/deive.log But it stops att 27.40% and starts for a while when I restart but then ...
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Why doesn't the sdX change when I move the drive?

I got 3 HDDs in a server hdd0 (sda), hdd1(sdb) and hdd2(sdc). Then I swap hdd1 and hdd2, so now hdd2 is in the second slot and hdd1 is in the third slot (this is also confirmed by the RAID BIOS) But ...
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Linux keeps going into read-only mode

Previously, I was using Ubuntu 18.04 as an OS. It started going into initramfs mode after every boot, so I had to do a manual fsck every time I wanted to use the system. Doing this a couple of months, ...
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Is it possible to recover my HDD

Recently my PC running Debian crashed and I had to perform hard reboot. Since then I am not able to detect my 500GB Seagate HDD with around 6 partitions. At first it wasn't being detected in BIOS but ...
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67 views

How to use the internal HDD in a SSD+HDD laptop?

My Dell Vostro 3491 came with 1TB HDD and 256 SSD. Ubuntu was installed on the SSD and I can use the drive for storing and accessing files. But I am unable to access the HDD. From the disk utilities, ...
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Testing disk performace and the the cache

Please bear with me, here's some background. I've recently gone through my stack of old drives, tested and binned the ones with SMART problems. I ended up with one good from the cupboard and 1 failure ...
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Reading Linux_Raid NAS on macos

I extracted an HDD from a NAS since it stopped working. Examining on Mac terminal I get this reading: Terminal Reading I'm only able to mount with extFS for Mac disk5s1 which basically contains the ...
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Install CentOS on the same hard disk where Ubuntu resides

I'm planing to install CentOS on the same hard disk where Ubuntu exists.  Am I able to do that or do I risk losing Ubuntu? Will the grub give me the choice to select between OSes upon boot? P.S. I ...
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Strategy to detect SMR disks

I've got a WD 14TB arriving this week and I've like to determine if it's proper spinning rust or SMR. There's a very good answer at How to determine whether hard drive uses SMR which discusses this, ...
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isolate and rule out some defect blocks

How to isolate and rule out some defect blocks or sector of HDD to keep it functional as well as if it has no defect ?
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btrfs performance comparison: ssd with compression vs hdd without compression

Has anyone done any r/w performance comparisons using btrfs with compression enabled on an M.2 nvme ssd vs uncompressed hdd?
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Is it possible to define /home's sub folders physical location (SDD vs HDD) if the /home folder spans 2 physical volumes?

I have just installed Fedora on my laptop. I have 2 drives: SSD and HDD. I let Fedora to install Linux in both disks and decide the partitions by itself. This is how Fedora has created and setup the ...
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If dd zero does not “format” my disk what should i do?

I got a softbricked/hardbricked 1TB WD Passport HDD which happened when transfering a suspected 11GB PS3 game file from my mac.As for repairing, My mac cannot do anything with the HDD, so I'm trying ...
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Can see my HDD in Windows, but not from Linux live boot

I've just gotten a new laptop (Acer Aspire A315-56), where I can't see my HDD from a Linux live boot. When I'm opening GParted, it's only showing one disk and it's the USB Drive from where I've live ...
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I have ubuntu on SSD and HDD. How to boot into ubuntu on SSD instead of ubuntu on HDD

I had ubuntu 20.04 installed on my HDD and i copied it to my new partition (/dev/sdb4) on SSD, then i installed grub. Now whenever i select ubuntu on /dev/sdb4 (i.e. ubuntu on SSD) boot option, my ...
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Migrate Dual-boot system from HDD to SSD

I've a dell laptop that has a 512 GB Hard Disk. It has windows and Linux installed in it. I am planning to buy an SSD of similar size(500 GB or 512 GB). How should I migrate my whole system(Windows+...
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HDFS + how to compare disks throughput

we have hadoop cluster with 10 data-nodes machines each data-node machine have the following disks that are belong to HDFS file system /dev/sdk 1922721048 1095146788 827557876 57% /...
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How to process dd-created disk image, which is corrupted (disk died during dumping)

I have a laptop with HDD which had issues with booting (windows10). I assumed that Windows just failed some way. I've booted from LinuxLiveUSB and tried to dump the disk using dd. DD failed on 85GB ...
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How to transfer ubuntu 20.10 from HDD to SSD, i already have windows 10 installed on SSD

I have a 128 GB SSD in which Windows 10 is installed and Ubuntu is installed in a HDD. I want to install Ubuntu on the SSD without making any changes to Windows 10. Is there any way I can transfer ...
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How to monitor read & write speed to specific device or mount point

How can I monitor the read & write speed to a specific device or mount point in Linux, for example /dev/sdc2 which is mounted to /mnt/data/? Would like to display the speed in MB/s for example and ...
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Follow up questions for using ddrescue with a USB enclosure

I was unable to recover my other account where I originally asked a question, so I'm hoping it's ok that I ask some follow up questions here I'm looking to use ddrescue to clone a failing drive that I ...
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How could I make several disks as one so that I could have one disk with space

Initially, I had an 200Gb disk (/dev/sda) where are located boot loader (/disk/sda1) OS itself (/disk/sda2) Then via VMware it was added several disks /dev/sdb (150 Gb) /dev/sdc (1 TB) Now it ...
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ddrescue with USB Enclosure

I'm about to start a recovery with ddrescue and was wondering if I'm on the right path with these steps. I'm planning to: boot via Ubuntu live USB and use ddrescue disable automount in Ubuntu connect ...
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Chown & Chmod commands returning Operation not permitted on Hard Disk [duplicate]

I have a raspberry pi 3b+ and am unable to change/give permissions to an external hard disk I've connected to it. A similar question is: chown command returning Operation not permitted Also I've ...
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135 views

ataX softreset failed 1st fis failed after switching motherboard

I got these messages for all drives after upgrading motherboard and processor from Intel to AMD Happened on all 5 disks: ata1, ata14, ata2, ata5, ata6 (weirdly there's only 6 sata ports in the ...
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OS doesn’t see newly installed SSD (SATA)

I had broken HDD in my laptop for quite a while. Recently I’ve installed Fedora 32 on my second drive, I didn’t checkmark that broken drive during installation and everything was fine. Today I’ve ...
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How to format and use the extended partition

The output of df -h as below: Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on udev 3.9G 0 3.9G 0% /dev tmpfs 796M 1.7M 794M 1% /run /dev/sda7 85G 6.2G 74G ...
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175 views

ext4 - Bad magic number in super-block

ext4 is failed me again! the most unstable fs tried to fix it by restoring block from backup, but without luck.. ↪ sudo fsck.ext4 -v /dev/sdd e2fsck 1.45.6 (20-Mar-2020) ext2fs_open2: Bad magic number ...
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What is a good way of automatically checking HDDs health

I just configured a raid5 server setup containing three hdds /dev/sda /dev/sdb /dev/sdc What is a good practice unix way of automatically checking the health of these drives and alerting the admin if ...
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zpool import fails with value too large for defined data type

I have a 3 disk zpool doesn't want to import back after formating my OS drive and reinstalling and trying to reimport. (Went from Mint 19 to 20, imported once, OS reboot, after reboot, then won't ...
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Apps are unable to see files from another HDD after reboot

OS: latest Ubuntu 18 version I have another HDD and few apps that use files from that HDD. For example, I store audio files there and listen to them using Clementine. Usually I add my audio files to ...
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Shrink raid6 array which is one component of a btrfs multi-device file system

Okay, here's my situation. I'm on a limited budget now (as always) and I'm trying to fix an issue. I've had my main fileserver run into file corruption issues while trying to make a backup to my ...
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Optimizing SSD-HDD configuration in MBP(Mid-2012,A1278)

First and foremost, I don't even know a single concept about Unix and Linux. I just wanted to upgrade my mid-2012 MacBook pro A1278 with SSD(Crucial MX500 500GB) as the main drive(OS) and having my ...
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can't mount WD MyPassport usb drive on Ubuntu (or windows) [closed]

I have not used this drive in over a year, and now cannot get it to mount. It shows up under lsusb: $ lsusb Bus 002 Device 006: ID 1058:0748 Western Digital Technologies, Inc. My Passport (WDBKXH, ...

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