Questions tagged [git]

Git is a free & open source, distributed version control system designed to handle everything from small to very large projects with speed and efficiency.

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264
votes
9answers
160k views

How to colorize output of git?

Is there a way to color output for git (or any command)? Consider: baller@Laptop:~/rails/spunky-monkey$ git status # On branch new-message-types # Changes not staged for commit: # (use "git add &...
163
votes
5answers
202k views

How can I update to a newer version of Git using apt-get?

I've just set up a new machine with Ubuntu Oneiric 11.10 and then run apt-get update apt-get upgrade apt-get install git Now if I run git --version it tells me I have git version 1.7.5.4 but on my ...
133
votes
8answers
213k views

GUI for GIT similar to SourceTree

Is there a similar piece of software to SourceTree, a GUI for git, for Linux? I know about Giggle, git cola, etc. I'm looking for a beautiful, easy to use GUI for git.
90
votes
3answers
32k views

Determine if Git working directory is clean from a script

I have a script which runs rsync with a Git working directory as destination. I want the script to have different behavior depending on if the working directory is clean (no changes to commit), or not....
77
votes
8answers
7k views

Tips for putting ~ under source control

I want to put my home directory (~) under source control (git, in this case), as I have many setting files (.gitconfig, .gitignore, .emacs, etc.) in there I would like to carry across machines, and ...
72
votes
9answers
147k views

git pull from remote but no such ref was fetched?

I have a git mirror on my disk and when I want to update my repo with git pull it gives me error message: Your configuration specifies to merge with the ref '3.5/master' from the remote, but no such ...
67
votes
5answers
179k views

Creating an user without a password

I'm trying to create user without password like this: sudo adduser \ --system \ --shell /bin/bash \ --gecos ‘User for managing of git version control’ \ --group \ --disabled-password \ ...
53
votes
4answers
2k views

How did `git pull` eat my homework?

I feel like a kid in the principal's office explaining that the dog ate my homework the night before it was due, but I'm staring some crazy data loss bug in the face and I can't figure out how it ...
48
votes
3answers
10k views

git diff displays colors incorrectly

In order to get coloured output from all git commands, I set the following: git config --global color.ui true However, this produces an output like this for git diff, git log whereas commands like ...
47
votes
2answers
37k views

Git submodule shows new commits, submodule status says nothing to commit

In a git repository, I have set up my .gitmodules file to reference a github repository: [submodule "src/repo"] path = src/repo url = repourl when I 'git status' on this repo, it shows: On ...
45
votes
2answers
33k views

How to use rsync to backup a directory without git subdirectory

I want to copy my c directory with all subdirectories excluding ./git subdirectory. I do it using rsync : echo "copy c and sh files " rsync -a --include='*.c' --include='*.sh' --include='*/' --...
38
votes
8answers
8k views

Are there pitfalls to putting $HOME in git instead of symlinking dotfiles?

I have for many years had my entire $HOME directory checked into subversion. This has included all my dotfiles and application profiles, many scripts, tools and hacks, my preferred basic home ...
36
votes
3answers
355k views

Installing git “sudo: apt-get: command not found”

I am trying to install git. I run the following command: sudo apt-get install git-core git-gui git-doc But receive the following error: sudo: apt-get: command not found What should I do?
33
votes
2answers
35k views

How to remove a file from the git index

How do I remove a file from a git repositorie's index without removing the file from the working tree? If I had a file ./notes.txt that was being tracked by git, I could run git rm notes.txt. But ...
30
votes
9answers
7k views

How to keep track of changes in /etc/

I would like to keep track of changes in /etc/ Basically I'd like to know if a file was changed, by yum update or by a user and roll it back if I don't like the chage. I thought of using a VCS like ...
30
votes
1answer
7k views

git-upload-pack hangs indefinitely

I have the following call structure: Jenkins runs fab -Huser@host set_repository_commit_hash:123abc. set_repository_commit_hash runs git fetch with pty = False. The child process ssh git@github.com ...
29
votes
6answers
16k views

How can I create an alias for a git [action] command (which includes spaces)?

Most of my my aliases are of this form: alias p='pwd' I want to alias git commit so that it does git commit -v But trying to create an alias with a space gives an error: $ alias 'git commit'='git ...
29
votes
6answers
76k views

Is it possible to clone only part of a git project?

I found a collection of slackbuilds, some i need there are on GitHub. https://github.com/PhantomX/slackbuilds/ I don't want to get all git. git clone https://github.com/PhantomX/slackbuilds.git But ...
29
votes
3answers
2k views

How did the Linux Kernel project track bugs in the Early Days?

We all know that Linus Torvalds created Git because of issues with Bitkeeper. What is not known (at least to me) is, how were issues/tickets/bugs tracked up until then? I tried but didn't get anything ...
26
votes
4answers
6k views

Why can I checkout a branch that was removed on GitHub?

In our GitHub repository, a coworker removed a branch named release. But when I run git checkout release locally, I always get the removed branch release. Same, even when I checked out another branch, ...
26
votes
1answer
26k views

Ignore whitespaces changes in all git commands

I've found tons of sites that explain how to have git warn you when you're changing line endings, or miscellaneous other techniques to prevent you from messing up an entire file. Assume it's too late ...
25
votes
6answers
19k views

Is there a usable gui front-end to git on Linux?

I'm a former windows user and just started using ubuntu. On windows, we had two great softwares: TortoiseSVN and TortoiseGit. Both are so good programs that they allow us to do everything like commit, ...
24
votes
4answers
27k views

Answer yes in a bash script

I'm trying to do a git clone trough a bash script, but the first time that I run the script and the server is not known yet the script fails. I have something like this: yes | git clone git@github....
24
votes
4answers
10k views

Given a git commit hash, how to find out which kernel release contains it?

Assume I have some issue that was fixed by a recent patch to the official Linux git repository. I have a work around, but I’d like to undo it when a release happens that contains my the fix. I know ...
22
votes
2answers
4k views

Why is less being run unnecessarily by git?

When I run git branch (from bash or csh), it automagically pipes the output through less. However, with only a few branches in the repository this is beyond unnecessary, it is annoying, as the branch ...
22
votes
1answer
20k views

What is the .gitignore pattern equivalent of the regex (Big|Small)(State|City)-[0-9]*\.csv

I have a regex I stuck in my .gitignore similar to: (Big|Small)(State|City)-[0-9]*\.csv It didn't work so I tested it against RegexLab.NET. I then found the gitignore man page which led me to ...
22
votes
2answers
87k views

How to exit a git merge asking for commit message?

I'm using git. I did a normal merge, but it keeps asking this: # Please enter a commit message to explain why this merge is necessary, # especially if it merges an updated upstream into a topic ...
22
votes
3answers
35k views

How to fix “Hunk #1 FAILED at 1 (different line endings)” message?

I am trying to create a patch with the command git diff sourcefile >/var/lib/laymab/overlay/category/ebuild/files/thepatch.patch when I apply the patch, it gives me $ patch -v GNU patch 2.7.5 $...
21
votes
2answers
4k views

File permission with six bytes in git. What does it mean? [duplicate]

I performed a git commit command and it gave me the following reply: 7 files changed, 93 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-) mode change 100644 => 100755 assets/internal/fonts/icomoon.svg mode change ...
21
votes
2answers
14k views

Github adding a repository as a fork from an existing clone

So I have a git repository that I cloned from an upstream source on ghithub. I made a few changes to to it (that are uncommitted and in the master branch). What I want to do is push my changes onto my ...
20
votes
3answers
2k views

Display only relevant hunks of a diff/patch based on a regexp

git log -G<regex> -p is a wonderful tool to search a codebase's history for changes that match the specified pattern. However, it can be overwhelming to locate the relevant hunk in the diff/...
20
votes
1answer
3k views

git completion with zsh: filenames with spaces aren't being escaped properly

Git completion: I'm having difficulty with git's filename autocompletions on my system. I'm using zsh (5.0.5) with git (1.9.3) on OS X (10.9.3). Both zsh and git have been installed via homebrew. (...
19
votes
3answers
97k views

Fetch a specific branch using git

I want to download source code from the master-next branch using git as described in the Xilinx wiki. I tried this: #git clone git://github.com/Xilinx/u-boot-xlnx/tree/master-next.git Initialized ...
18
votes
5answers
11k views

How to modify a PKGBUILD which uses git sources to pull only a shallow clone?

The other day I tried installing opencv-git from the AUR with makepkg on Arch Linux. Of course it pulls from the git repository as the name indicates. This pulls 1Gb. I am reading about making a ...
18
votes
3answers
5k views

Git pager is less, but what is causing the output coloring?

less itself isn't capable of doing syntax highlighting, according to this thread. However, git diff nicely shows colored output in less, its default pager. When I redirect the output of git diff ...
18
votes
4answers
13k views

How do I get a linux kernel patch set from the mailing list?

I don't subscribe to the linux-kernel mailing list, but I want to get a set of patches that were posted a few weeks ago and apply them to my kernel for testing. I'm very familiar with patching, ...
18
votes
4answers
3k views

Can git configuration be set across multiple repositories?

Git seems to support configuration values at three levels: Per-system global settings (stored in /etc/git-core) Per-user global settings (stored in ~/.gitconfig) Per-repository local settings (stored ...
17
votes
1answer
5k views

Remember password for ssh key for some time

I created ssh key. I use it to connect with git repositories. When creating the key, I noticed the prompt that said the password should be hard to guess. Therefore, I came up with 40+ characters-long ...
17
votes
4answers
10k views

command line method or programmatically add ssh key to github.com user account

Is there a way to identify with a username and password to github.com servers for the purpose of adding an ssh key to the github user account? So far everything I've read suggests that a user's ssh ...
17
votes
4answers
17k views

How can I solve this ssh-agent problem?

I'm using Linux Mint, and have not been able to get gnome-keyring to unlock automatically at login, it seems. A symptom of my problem is as follows: $ ssh-add Identity added: /home/me/.ssh/id_rsa (/...
15
votes
4answers
19k views

Tar a folder without .git files?

If I tar a folder that is a git repository, can I do so without including the .git related files? If not, how would I go about doing that via a command?
15
votes
2answers
63k views

how to set up username and passwords for different git repos?

─[$] cat ~/.gitconfig [user] name = Shirish Agarwal email = xxxx@xxxx.xxx [core] editor = leafpad excludesfiles = /home/shirish/.gitignore gitproxy = \"ssh\" for gitorious.org [...
15
votes
1answer
3k views

Excluding files in etckeeper with .gitignore doesn't work

I use etckeeper for changes in my configfiles (on Debian squeeze) Since I also have an ircdeamon running, there are some files, that change every minute in the folder /etc/hybserv/ I don't want to ...
15
votes
2answers
1k views

Have tree hide gitignored files

Is there a way to make tree not show files that are ignored in .gitignore?
14
votes
2answers
3k views

Make vim stop splitting my Git commit messages

Vim has this awful annoying habit of splitting my commit messages and automatically line-breaking them, rendering the second line with a red background for some reason. How can I make vim stop doing ...
13
votes
2answers
7k views

What does “--” mean in Linux/Unix command line? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What does “--” (double-dash) mean? git diff [options] [<commit>] [--] [<path>…] In here, how should I understand what [--] means? And when should I use it.
13
votes
2answers
9k views

“X11 forwarding request failed” when connecting to github.com

I'm getting a bizarre error message while using git: $ git clone git@github.com:Itseez/opencv.git Cloning into 'opencv' Warning: Permanently added the RSA host key for IP address '192.30.252.128' to ...
13
votes
7answers
5k views

How to sort (by whatever key) BibTex entries in `.bib` file?

I work with LaTeX and do versioning with Git. For bibliography management I use Mendeley. The problem is that each time Mendeley synchronizes it's .bib exports, they are in different order, what ...
13
votes
1answer
4k views

GPG Hangs When Private Keys are Accessed

I like to sign my git commits with my PGP key, so I was quite alarmed when I went to git commit -S but instead of prompting for my PGP key passphrase, git just started hanging. I haven't made a change ...
13
votes
1answer
3k views

watch command not showing colors for 'git status'

I'm trying to get watch to display colors from 'git status'. I've tried running watch with the --color option, as suggested elsewhere here, but, still, watch --color 'git status' doesn't display ...