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Questions tagged [firmware]

Firmware is a permanent software programmed into a read-only memory for control, monitoring and data manipulation of engineered products and systems. Use this tag about firmware updates and related issues in Unix and Linux systems.

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23 views

Linux - Upgrading the BIOS using an EXE

When a bios update is only available via .exe, what's the easiest way to update the bios on a computer running Linux exclusively? Many times I've had to install Windows 10 onto a computer just long ...
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0answers
36 views

Kali Linux (Kernel 4.19) MT7610u failed to load

I have installed Kali Linux alongside windows 10 on my system all is good except I get the following errors in dmesg every time I boot. mt76x0 1-1.3:1.0: firmware: failed to load mediatek/mt7610u....
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0answers
21 views

microcode update fail

I saw log: microcode_ctl: kernel version "4.123456" failed early load check for "intel-06-4f-01", skipping Does it mean, the microcode update will check kernel version? We can find a similar log ...
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2answers
43 views

Linux OS patch vs kernel patch vs firmware upgrade or BIOS upgrade [closed]

Can somebody explain the difference between a Linux OS patch, Linux kernel patch, vs a firmware upgrade or a BIOS upgrade?
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0answers
45 views

Reading and writing NAND flash with dd

I have an embedded device and I'd like to backup the NAND flash. From the openwrt wiki I gathered that dd is not a suitable option for dumping. You can use dd, but the dump will be garbled. However, ...
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0answers
36 views

Boot a Debian firmware-nonfree netinstall USB device with GRUB2

I have an Apple MacMini Intel running a Debian Stretch (no BIOS-like boot list, just standard GRUB2). I would like to boot on a USB device to set a fresh new installation, with the latest firmware-...
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0answers
82 views

Which firmware for the AMD Ryzen 5 2500U?

I want to install the latest firmware for my APU. I already installed the microcode. Kernel config (make menuconfig) Device Drivers ---> Generic Driver Options ---> Firmware ...
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0answers
24 views

firmware crash qca6174 hw2.1

Everytime my laptop goes to sleep (low battery), wireless adapter crashes. This makes the system completly unusable. I cannot remove the driver, kill it, or restart NetworkManager. I cannot reboot ...
2
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1answer
54 views

What is coreboot?

I read it's about replacing the firmware on a board, but why do they need to do this, and does it effect the ability to install other OSs on the board?
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1answer
57 views

How to check mellanox (mlnx) ethernet card firmware and driver version?

AFAIK I think this is how I could check the firmware of a Mellanox Ethernet card: SERVER:~ # for i in 0 1 2 3 ; do ethtool -i eth$i|grep -i firmware; done|sort -u|cut -d' ' -f 2- 14.23.1020 (...
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1answer
30 views

Firmware binary identified by device

How firmware binary file is identified by any device like the binary file is meant for that device.. What is the role of kernel in this?
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1answer
368 views

Unable to get wireless interface to work on arch linux

I have installed Arch linux for the very first time. I'm dual booting Windows 10 alongside my new OS. I'm able to connet to the internet over my LAN (ethernet) and not over wifi. The wifi connection ...
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1answer
314 views

Clevo N141WU noise when fan is cooling

I just bought a Clevo N141WU (at system 76 it's known as the galago pro) from a Danish PC shop. It mostly works really nicely, but when the fan is spinning down (after a hard workload) it starts ...
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1answer
917 views

Firmware issues at startup (Debian 9 - Firmware i915 and rtl8168g-2

Here is the problem displayed by dmesg $ sudo dmesg | grep error [...] [ 7.792141] i915 0000:00:02.0: Direct firmware load for i915/bxt_dmc_ver1_07.bin failed with error -2 [...] [ 11.977510] ...
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0answers
39 views

Access firmware from terminal? [closed]

I have a 2008 MacBook I bought new and have used up until a few months ago with leopard and snow leopard install disks. After many strange occurrences I decided to erase and reinstall my OS. After ...
2
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1answer
617 views

Apt refusing to install kernel firmware package from Debian backports

In trying to get my Ryzen integrated GPU working properly, and ultimately in trying to set the screen resolution above 1024x768, my understanding is I need at least Linux 4.15. I am using Debian ...
0
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1answer
346 views

Recompile a kernel including a firmware

How can i recompile the kernel? I' m trying this guide https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Kernel/BuildYourOwnKernel. I' m using lubuntu 18.04 on a tablet, i want a custom kernel to enable the touchcreen. ...
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0answers
824 views

AMD-Vi: Unable to write to IOMMU perf counter. Arch Linux

I'm having some problems with an Antergos 4.18 installation on my Acer Swift 3 (SF315-41) the main one is regarding virtualization. At first when I booted up the OS I would get this messages: [...
1
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1answer
309 views

CentOS 7 linux-firmware - how to trim it?

CentOS 7 has merged a number of firmware packages into 'linux-firmware' and made these a dependency of kernels. Is there an easy way to create a stripped down version of this, removing those firmware ...
4
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1answer
297 views

Rolling back Intel-microcode updates and computer speed

I assume that Debian package intel-microcode packages gradually correct the various spectre and meltdown issues. From what I understand about these problems, the only way to correct them on existing ...
1
vote
1answer
417 views

Cannot update intel microcode using apt-get

I'm using Debian Stretch, kernel 4.17.11 and when I run sudo apt-get install intel-microcode I get Package intel-microcode is not available, but is referred to by another package. This may ...
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votes
1answer
460 views

where to paste regulatory.db and how?

I am dealing with this regulatory.db error: [ 14.146398] platform regulatory.0: firmware: failed to load regulatory.db (-2) [ 14.146477] firmware_class: See https://wiki.debian.org/Firmware for ...
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3answers
307 views

“Load missing firmware from removable media?” (Debian)

I'm installing Debian from a USB drive onto my laptop, and it's asking me for the following firmware file: brcm/brcmfmac43241b4-sdio.bin I have another Linux distro on my laptop already, so I already ...
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3answers
183 views

Firmware packages: What do they actually do?

On my CentOS, a yum update brings up the following: (6/38): iwl1000-firmware-39.31.5.1-62.el7_39.31.5.1-62.2.el7_5.noarch.drpm ...
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votes
3answers
632 views

Where can I find the microcode (ucode) that is being loaded by iwlwifi (Intel 6205)?

Trying to trouble-shoot this error which pertains to microcode, my card from lspci shows, Network controller: Intel Corporation Centrino Advanced-N 6205 [Taylor Peak] (rev 34) system.log shows, ...
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0answers
594 views

iwlwifi: Could not load the [0] uCode section; Failed to run INIT ucode: -5

I'm getting this error occasionally when my device wakes up from suspend, iwlwifi: Log capacity -1515870811 is bogus, limit to 1 entries iwlwifi: Log write index -1515870811 is bogus, limit to 1 ...
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0answers
54 views

How do I install wlwifi firmware on Kali Linux [duplicate]

I am missing a few firmwares, one I assume is to access the internet as I have no access without it and the other I'm not quite sure what it is for. The first two firmwares I am missing are iwlwifi-...
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2answers
479 views

Getting a true open-source only OS running on a phone? Android?

I've read a lot, and heard both sides, but still slightly in the cloud when it comes to android. Android is a open source OS, but when I buy a phone, it comes preloaded with google services and apps ...
1
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1answer
1k views

Bluetooth Firmware rtl8821a_fw.bin Fails to Load in Debian

I am using Debian 9.4 on Lenovo IdeaPad 110. In the opening screen, I get these messages; [12...] rt18821ae 0000:02:00.0: firmware: failed to load rtlwifi/rt18821aefw.bin (-2) [12...] rt18821ae 0000:...
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votes
1answer
1k views

Slow boot time due to firmware delay [closed]

A couple days ago I installed Linux Mint Cinnamon version. I'm running linux-4.15.0-15-generic. My systemd-analyze looks like this. Startup finished in 42.849s (firmware) + 5.076s (loader) + 6.438s ...
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0answers
99 views

how to compile Kernel GNU / linux Slackware & Slax

how to compile Kernel GNU / linux Slackware & Slax with Bradcom BCM4312 Firmware the problem is my lap top have BCM4312 but slackware no have kernel include this firmware like debian, ubuntu or ...
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1answer
32 views

Linux 2.6.23 (VM) cannot install usb wifi

I've just installed KDE 3.5 and am trying to get drivers working for my Atheros 9271, when I type lsusb it is detected but not ifconfig (only ethernet and loopback). I have tried following ...
5
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1answer
430 views

What is firmware timeout?

I found a file /sys/class/firmware/timeout, and this file contains just one word 60. Is this timeout related to bootloader like GRUB timeout? What is the practical use of it?
1
vote
1answer
2k views

How do I install wifi-driver in arch linux?

I am completely new to Arch Linux. Yesterday I managed to install it and everything works fine except for the wifi-connection, because there is no driver installed. I figured out that I need the ...
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0answers
489 views

Where can I find vega12_gpu_info.bin?

There are references to vega12_gpu_info.bin in Linux source code. I cannot find it in git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/firmware/linux-firmware.git The Google only returned about five ...
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2answers
4k views

Random firmware error after update on my Kali system

Well, isn't that just terrific. After updating my system (Kali GNU/Linux 2018.1 variation, to be specific), I got the following message on boot: [ 14.146398] platform regulatory.0: firmware: failed ...
1
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0answers
114 views

Peculiar “disconnection” issue with ALFA AWUS036NHA (atheros 9271L)

I am using: Debian Sid (kernel 4.15.0-2-amd64), and I can connect flawlessly to my wifi network using my onboard Intel 7265 and iwlwifi even with weak signal (e.g -80dBm). However, I have recently ...
-1
votes
1answer
719 views

Xubuntu automatically boots into initramfs [Firmware Bug]: TSC_DEADLINE disabled due Errata [closed]

The full error text given is [ 0.000000] [Firmware Bug]: TSC_DEADLINE disabled due Errata; please update microcode to version: 0x52 (or later). What I could find in a similar question is to ...
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votes
1answer
735 views

Why the OS is not booting up? [closed]

Manjaro Linux unable to boot up. Error msg [ 0.000000] [firmware Bug] : TSC_DEADLINE disabled due to Errata; please update microcode to version: 0X25 (or later)
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0answers
810 views

Can't Install Wifi Firmware on Debian

I've recently installed Debian 9.4.0 (stretch) and I can't use my wireless connection. The problem is that it's missing a non-free firmware for ralink adapter. Network controller: Ralink corp. ...
2
votes
1answer
143 views

Using Debian to backup my firmware setup?

I have a HP 15-g094sa Notebook PC, and have dual booted it with Windows 10 and Debian Stretch. The manufacturer firmware for Windows 10 is on there by default. Before making a significant change to ...
2
votes
2answers
8k views

ACPI region does not cover the entire command/response buffer

I'm experiencing system freezes and looking in the journal I see kernel (4.14.15-1-MANJARO) errors such as: kernel: tpm_crb MSFT0101:00: [Firmware Bug]: ACPI region does not cover the entire command/...
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votes
1answer
3k views

Bluetooth is not working (no adapter available) Arch Linux KDE

dmesg | grep blue [ 25.483325] bluetooth hci0: Direct firmware load for brcm/BCM20702A1-0b05-180a.hcd failed with error -2 Here is the only closely matching firmware I see on the Arch site, and it ...
3
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1answer
370 views

How to mitigate Meltdown and Spectre with firmware update

How does a firmware update help in mitigating Meltdown and Spectre vulnerabilities? Is it true that vendors are only releasing a firmware update for the windows platform? What about Linux? I ...
8
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1answer
14k views

TSC_DEADLINE disabled due to Errata

I sent my computer to the manufacturer for diagnosis and help for a video output issue it was having. They updated the BIOS. Since then I've been getting [Firmware Bug]: TSC_DEADLINE disabled due ...
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0answers
54 views

PTXdist + Linux ARM - PCIe not coming up

I've been building a board support package in PTXdist for a Marvell Armada CortexA9 - based embedded system. For now all hardware seems to be working, except for the PCIe - bus. I'm running a Linux 4....
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2answers
3k views

Unable to use bluetooth on my device

Problem I'm unable to use bluetooth. During the boot, I get this error: usb 1-1.1: firmware: failed to load ar3k/AthrBT_0x01020200.dfu (-2) Bluetooth: Loading patch file failed Laptop: Asus x201e ...
3
votes
1answer
6k views

What is the purpose of ath10k/pre-cal-pci and ath10k/cal-pci?

I'm running Debian 9 including non-free firmware, in order to get my wifi to work. I do apparently have the necessary firmware as my wifi works, but I do still get the following output after running ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

intel-ucode not updating? Firmware Bug: TSC_DEADLINE disabled due to Errata; please update microcode to version (or later)

I am getting this error on booting up: [Firmware Bug]: TSC_DEADLINE disabled due to Errata; please update microcode to version (or later) I see a possible mismatch between the firmware version in /...
2
votes
1answer
625 views

How to install non-free firmware from Windows via usb?

I have a debian 9 live bootable usb with non-free firmware. I am able to find my wifi network, but I cannot connect as I am missing the necessary firmware (ralink). I do not have an ethernet cable, ...