Questions tagged [firmware]

Firmware is a permanent software programmed into a read-only memory for control, monitoring and data manipulation of engineered products and systems. Use this tag about firmware updates and related issues in Unix and Linux systems.

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Why are files in /lib/firmware not compressed?

While upgrading to Ubuntu 22.04 I noticed that /lib/firmware is huge: >800 MB (https://packages.ubuntu.com/jammy/linux-firmware) I assume this package contains binary blobs for all sorts of ...
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How do I block updating a specific device with fwupd?

I want to be able to block updating my system's firmware with fwupd as later BIOS versions block the ability to undervolt the CPU (yes I'm aware this leaves my system susceptible to plundervolt and ...
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Does formatting efi partition on a Chromebook (with custom firmware) affects ChromeOS?

Recently I got a Chromebook (board: SASUKE), I've been able to install a custom firmware following these instructions. Now I have a messy partition table (I used chrx) and I installed a working Arch ...
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Self signed kernel 15.16.10 no longer boots: modules missing, firmware updated

I wanted to try the 5.16 kernel and signed it myself following some instructions and it worked great for a few days, I could reboot and did so a fair few times. Then today I got to the stage where I ...
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In Kubuntu bash is abnormal and dmesg shows "microcode upgraded"; is a silent false upgrade possible?

In Kubuntu 20.04, bash 5.0.17, since some days I have various problems to write working bash scripts. Now I found that bash is faulty. E.g. after keyword "export" a name or any characters ...
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What is the m7601.bin firmware in Debian 11?

While installing Debian 11, in the very early stages the installer warns that it does not have firmware called "m7601.bin". It asks if I have this file on an ejectable media, like a USB ...
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Debian is unable to find correct audio codec

I installed Debian Testing on a new laptop (Dell Vostro 3400), and found the audio does not work. It seems that the only available codec is “HDMI” and the codec “Cirrus Logic CS8409” (shown in BIOS) ...
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How can the integrity of firmware be ensured? (Preinstalled and fwupd updates)

For packages in Debian's repositories, hashes and signatures are checked as described here (and questions linked there) to ensure the integrity of the software to at least some degree (under ...
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How to solve "failed to get device after detach: failed to wait for detach replug: device did not come back" when fwupdmgr update to upgrade firmware?

I was trying to upgrade the firmware with fwupdmgr update but I'm getting this output on Debian11/KDE: Unifying Receiver and all connected devices may not be usable while updating. Continue with ...
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MediaTek Firmware not working on Debian 11.2.0

I have an Asus VivoBook 5, which has a mediatek wifi card and no ethernet port. The stable/offical debian 11 distro does not seem to have mediatek firmware and I am new to installing firmware on linux....
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Does my microcode need to be updated?

Does anyone know if everything is okay with my microcode? What does it mean when it says ''MDS: Vulnerable: Clear CPU buffers attempted, no microcode''? Is something wrong?
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Is there a way to determine which firmware blobs are used by a linux kernel?

I seek a way to determine which of the firmware (i.e. binary blobs to support hardware) my laptop actually uses. The package that bundles the binary blobs on my distro archlinux is: core/linux-...
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Firmware updates fail to update on Fedora 35 (GNOME Software)

(Context: I'm a Linux noob running Fedora 35 on a Thinkpad T14s Gen 2) Whenever I start up Fedora, GNOME Software shows that I have an update for my T14s Gen 2's firmware from 0.0.9 to 0.1.13. I found ...
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Linux Upgrade (Debian) - Possible missing firmware problem [duplicate]

during the upgrade of a debian system i got the following errors: W: Possible missing firmware /lib/firmware/rtl_nic/rtl8125b-2.fw for module r8169 W: Possible missing firmware /lib/firmware/rtl_nic/...
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How to Install firmware from Windows exe file?

I want to apply certain firmware update. On PC vendor site it is available only for Windows in exe format. Via fwupdmgr update is available, however the version is not latest - about a year difference ...
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Arfter reinstalling arch linux wifi isn't recognised on any os

Arfter I reinstalled Arch linux I was getting a problem where it didn't recognize the wifi chip in my computer, fed up with having to actually deal with stuff like this I wiped the drive and ...
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Install Linux Firmware update by hand

in order to solve the issue at https://gitlab.freedesktop.org/drm/amd/-/issues/1598 I should know your opinion about installing linux firmware drivers at https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/...
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Wi-Fi search does not occur Debian 11

I'm new to working with Linux, before that I had onу Linux Mint. I installed Debian 11 from a bootable USB stick. I tried to install from the netinst version of iso, but I could not connect to the ...
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Missing non-free firmware during Debian installation

I'm installing the debian on my laptop for my first time and facing that problem: Some of your hardware needs non-free firmware files to operate. The firmware can be loaded from removable media, such ...
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Difference between types of file systems updates

I am new to Linux file systems and updates to the file systems. I am trying to understand the differences between the image-based, file-based and binary-based delta updates. I came across different ...
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WiFi adapter not recognized in Debian 11

I have installed Debian 11 on a Dell Precision M6600 laptop. The ISO I installed does not include the non-free firmwares. My goal is to only install firmware and drivers necessary to get my WiFi ...
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Compex WLE900VX Packent Injection?

I have a project that requires packet injection. I need the most performant wireless card that supports at least 2x2 or 3x3 mimo. I have looked into the Compex WLE900VX. It uses the ath10k driver. The ...
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Issue with Tails Bootloader and Video Card

When attempting to run a Tails boot-loader, I received: Error starting GDM with your 2 graphics cards: At the time of the error msg I was using a fresh Tails v4.22 boot-loader on my early 2011 ...
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Write firmware over /dev/ttyUSB0 to embedded device

I'm using the last example in: this post I keep getting wctx:file length=0 after the sz command. I'm actually opening the serial connection with minicom Minicom is botching the transfer. So, after I ...
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Compatible custom firmware for TL-MR3220 V2 with upgraded 8/64MB memory

First bit of background: I have been using OpenWrt since 2015 on TL-MR3220 V2 with 4/32MB memory. It was running great. Recently, after buying a MI 4A gigabit router I stoped using the TP-Link router. ...
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Lenovo Carbon X1 Gen 8 Error getting sensor data: thinkpad/#2: Can't read

in0: +0.00 V (min = +0.00 V, max = +0.00 V) Chip: iwlwifi_1-virtual-0 Adapter: Virtual device temp1: 38.0 C Chip: thinkpad-isa-0000 Adapter: ISA adapter fan1: 0 RPM temp1: 45.0 C Error getting ...
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Missing Firmware

On my Zorin OS 15.3 with Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) base, I get the Missing Firmware error on my computer and i have searched for some answers and i found this solution is that you are going to ...
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Debian ISO adding hardware driver

Primarily, I'm stuck at configure network while installing debian. I guess it doesn't recognize my wifi card. My wifi cart is Asus USB-N14, It has ralink chipset. I found something similar to this --&...
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Ryzen 3000/5000 CPU Lockup on ASRock X470D4U

Ahoy ahoy friends. Currently i am running my system, using an ASRock Rack X470D4U motherboard and Ryzen 2700X CPU. I use Debian 11 with 5.10 Kernel and KVM + Libvirt in order to run my 30 VM Guests. ...
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Debian 10.10 non-free iso Live Pen Drive can't go live in a Lenovo Ideapad s145 81S9000RBR

I'm struggling with running a Live USB Pen Drive with Debian 10.10 non-free iso in my Lenovo Ideapad S145. But trying with or without UEFI support can't start the system. It stays halted on a black ...
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How to solve error AR_DIAG_SW ath9k in Ubuntu 18.04

I'm trying to install the firmware of an ath9k Wifi Card in a Jetson Nano based on Ubuntu 19.04. However, I couldn't installed it properly, so far. When I execute the command dmesg I get this error: [...
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1 vote
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Debian battery capacity always at 100%

Problem: Both in /sys/class/power_supply/BAT0/capacity and the LXDE lxpanel battery monitor the battery capacity is always indicated as 100% even if it is not. Software info: OS: Debian Buster Kernel:...
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1 vote
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XPS15 9570 with Pop!_OS won't boot after recent firmware update, will replacing new SSD save my machine?

My machine was running Pop!_OS 20.04LTS. I had it running just fine for months except I couldn't update to nvidia driver 460. I did the firmware update around June of 2021, from that point onward my ...
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ath10k_pci firmware crash

I'm on Linux Mint. My wifi randomly stops working and the pc gets laggy for about 5 seconds. This issue is recent, as I've been using Linux for almost a year now but this started happening a month ago ...
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2 votes
2 answers
845 views

How to update the firmware of a Cardo Packtalk Slim (or Freecom) on linux (natively or through a virtual machine)?

The firmware updating software for Cardo bluetooth communication systems (Packtalk, freecom,...) are only available for Windows and Mac OS. I do not have these OSes running natively. Is it ...
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How to recover Linux install on a device with no keyboard, screen or remote login?

I had Debian Jessie on a QNAP TS-210 device, which is an arm processes (kirkland architecture). It was running fine for many years, but I needed to use something which required up to date libraries, ...
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Cannot get Bluetooth to work on Lenovo ThinkPad T15 Intel Gen 2 (Intel Wi-Fi 6E AX210 card) running Arch Linux

I hope someone here can help me get Bluetooth working on my Intel Wi-Fi 6E AX210 card (Lenovo ThinkPad T15 Intel Gen 2). I don't usually ask for help, but I'm at my wit's end now... Basic info about ...
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squashed then re-squashed give different size?

I extracted a firmware.bin using fmk mod kit and gave me 3 files: header.img , rootfs.img and footer.img now whenever I cat and repack all the files together in firmware2.bin again, it works and it ...
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Debian installer - no network hardware detected (Gigabyte B550 ITX)

I'm a beginner when it comes to linux troubleshooting so bear with me. I'm trying to install Debian on new hardware and I've run into an issue I haven't encountered with my previous two computers. The ...
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Intel firmware installing on Debian Buster (10.8) problems

Trying to use Debian 10.8 on a recently acquired MSI Modern 15 A10M (Model Name: MS-1551). While installing i see, that a lot of Intel non-free firmware are missing: link (jpg too large to upload ...
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Debian 10 KDE - ... update microcode to version: 0x20 (or later)

So sudo apt-get install intel-microcode tells me that the package intel-microcode is not available, but referenced in another package. This can mean that it's missing, that it has been replaced or ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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hamachi broke my network interface or router [closed]

I would like to ask if somebody has a solution to my problem. This was done with Debian 10 server and the hamachi terminal version. So I have a set of servers one on my lan (Debian 10) and the other ...
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NVRAM Variable syntax

I'm trying to edit the client_customlist variable in my router with Merlin firmware, and am a bit confused with the syntax; when I export it and then look at it, most of them end with 3 >, like ...
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Why doesn't git.kernel.org repo have arcturus_gpu_info.bin file?

I can not find file arcturus_gpu_info.bin from https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/firmware/linux-firmware.git/tree/amdgpu I think the above URL is the official repo where to find such ...
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Void Linux - Broadcom network adapter [14e4:43a0] appears, but will not connect to a network

Void Linux with kernel 5.9.16_1. I'm using NetworkManager on KDE Plasma 5. Whenever I attempt to connect to a network with this adapter, Plasma says "configuring interface" for a while, and ...
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6 votes
1 answer
1k views

How to enable QCA6390 Bluetooth firmware in Linux kernel?

Context I'm having difficulty getting the kernel to load the necessary Bluetooth firmware for my XPS 9310. My model has the AX500 connectivity chip, which uses the QCA6390. Users of both Ubuntu and ...
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1 answer
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TSC_DEADLINE disabled due to Errata despite BIOS update and intel-microcode package

After an kernel update, my proxmox (Debian based) homeserver didn't boot: # dmesg | grep -i microcode [ 0.080090] [Firmware Bug]: TSC_DEADLINE disabled due to Errata; please update microcode to ...
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Update Intel-microcode with amd CPU

Why does apt propose an update of Intel-microcode on my computer with an AMD cpu (Ryzen 7 2700X), and should I do this update?
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3 answers
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Debian (bullseye) & Firmware for i915

just in order to understand I'm asking here... I get the message $ update-initramfs -u -k all update-initramfs: Generating /boot/initrd.img-5.9.0-1-amd64 W: Possible missing firmware /lib/firmware/...
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-1 votes
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In Debian WiFi only working when I reboot from windows

lsusb of the WiFi device is Bus 002 Device 006: ID 148f:7601 Ralink Technology, Corp. MT7601U Wireless Adapter I am using Debian and have windows dual booted. when I boot Debian on first startup the ...
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