Questions tagged [files]

Manipulating files: copying, renaming, searching, analyzing, archiving, etc. For operating on text in a file, see /text-processing. For questions about the Files file manager (formerly Nautilus), see /nautilus.

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5
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2answers
18k views

How to write a file at various offsets to a filesystem partition with dd command

Requirement I want to write a file at various offsets into the partition Partition /dev/part2 is mounted at /mypart I tried the command below: dd if=/dev/urandom of=/mypart/aaa bs=1024 seek=0 ...
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1answer
233 views

Command to list in real time all the actions of a process

I cannot remember this command (and googling was unsuccessful), but there is a way to get the list of actions performed by a process, that outputs something like # listprocessactions -p 1234 0....
4
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3answers
18k views

Run sudo as another non-root user and save in this user's home directory

I added a new group: ircuser and a new user: ircuser In visudo I placed this line: myuser localhost=(ircuser) NOPASSWD: /usr/bin/irssi Created ircuser directory, where config files, caches, etc ...
4
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2answers
9k views

Tar overwrites read only files

I created directory test, created file 1.txt in test, wrote 'Before' in this file. Then I went cd .. and used the command: tar -cvzf ./test.tgz ./test Then I entered the test dir again. Opened ...
4
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2answers
411 views

System files with strict permissions

Usually, when we run ls -l we can see such picture -rwx...- so the owner always has the full stack of permissions. And usually the owner of the system files is the root. Are there any system files ...
2
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1answer
289 views

How are Flash Videos played?

I was tweaking around with a script for playing Youtube playlists in mplayer. My question is: How does linux play flash videos? My current research yields (By reading scripts written by others): ...
4
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1answer
592 views

Renaming files from bash in linux

There is a bunch of files of the following format hh-mm-ss.png where hh, mm, ss are hour, minute and second. How can I rename all these files in the directory in a sequential way from 1.png til n.png ...
1
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1answer
344 views

How can I monitor if anybody (any process) access is certain file [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Access history of a file I know if a file is "being accessed" I can use lsof to see who (which process) is accessing it, but lsof is slow and heavy and I don't think I would ...
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2answers
9k views

How to find out which file is currently written by a process

My situation is that from time to time a specific process (in this case, it's Thunderbird) doesn't react to user input for a minute or so. I found out using iotop that during this time, it writes ...
6
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1answer
9k views

mv file without write permission to the source file

I just realised that I can move a file that I do not own and don't have write permissions on. I have write permissions to the directory, so I am guessing that is why I could move it, but in this ...
2
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2answers
753 views

Index names of all the files in a plain text file

I've got this directory full of images, and I can do this: echo *.jpg image1.jpg image2.jpg image3.jpg # and so on How can I get the output in a plain text file in this format? image1.jpg image2....
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4answers
4k views

Checking for the existence of files against a list

I have a "command" text file that issues a data file download command on each line. I send the command file to bash. However, a small percentage of the downloads fail. Here is the algorithm I ...
5
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2answers
8k views

How to add/replace only modified/updated files recursively for some 2 folders?

So I currently do stuff like: rm -rf ../../../$CLOUD_INSTALL_SUBDIR/lib_boost mkdir ../../../$CLOUD_INSTALL_SUBDIR/lib_boost cp -r ../../../$BOOST_ROOT_DIR/$BOOST_INSTALL_SUBDIR/lib/* ../../../$...
7
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1answer
10k views

bash force copy over same file

Our sysadmin has created a backup system that creates snapshots of the hard drive. When I try to restore an older version from the snapshot: cp /path/to/snapshots/foo.bar /path/to/folder/foo.bar I ...
8
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2answers
4k views

lsof - age of file

The *nix command lsof gives you a list of open files. Is anyone aware of a way that would also list how long a particular file has been open? Either by using lsof or any other command. I'm using ...
5
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2answers
390 views

Is there a web site to search in the file contents of default installations of different linux distributions?

The text string "Network services, Internet style" is found in the first line of the file /etc/services on a computer running Ubuntu 11.04 erik@laptop:~$ head -1 /etc/services # Network services, ...
6
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2answers
1k views

Can I move a directory with open files?

Imagine a bunch of processes using a /home/user/logs directory. They have some logs open for a longer time.
3
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2answers
1k views

Subtracting Binary files

I have 2 Binary Files FileA and FileC Its is such that FileC = FileA + FileB using the cat utility How do I subtract FileA from FileC to get FileB ? PS: I am using Ubuntu Oneiric
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3answers
2k views

Is there a way to tell the system to keep a folder to reside in memory?

I'm developing a Java EE web application and I'm trying to speed up the testing process. To do so I was wondering if there is a way to tell the system to keep my build folder in system memory?
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3answers
21k views

How to delete the oldest directory in a given directory? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Shell script for moving oldest files? I have a backup directory that stores x other directories that require backuping. I need something that will run before another directory ...
1
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3answers
717 views

How do I track all the most recent file changes on my UNIX system?

Say, either for a Debian system or a Red Hat one.
3
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1answer
200 views

lstat64 fails on existing directory

After trying for a while to debug a failing move_uploaded_file call, I tried strace -s 8192 -o strace.log -f /etc/init.d/apache22 restart This produced, among a lot more output, the following lines: ...
4
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1answer
756 views

Where can I find a reference to the format of the comment field (field 5) of the /etc/passwd file?

In the /etc/passwd file on my system, the "comment" field, field 5, is inconsistent in its contents. I thought that I could extract it to get the full name of the user. fullname=`awk -F: '$1 == name ...
5
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3answers
644 views

Shortcut for fast recursive removal

Sometimes I want to delete large swaths of temporary files recursively, and recycle the directory name without waiting for the command to complete. (For example, if I want to nuke and re-checkout a ...
3
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1answer
236 views

Restricting access to files on an external drive

I was wondering how to restrict access to a specific drive in Unix on the Mac. I was thinking to do this in Terminal where I create a file like this mkfile 6k secure_access. And where secure_access ...
3
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2answers
213 views

How do I create a structured list of all the files and directories under a particular directory (recursively)?

I need to have an "image" of a file system without actual contents of the files - just all the names and the structure, so that I can read the file and know what files were stored there and how were ...
3
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2answers
709 views

shell howto: save multiple binary data files (jpg) to one file with some additional data and separate again

I have a system with restricted calculational power (fritzbox) and functions (busybox) and an webcam, able to deliver JPG files. Now I'm looking for for a method (based on shell script) to download ...
8
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5answers
2k views

Is there a way to see the permissions of all the intermediate directories of a path..?

I have a file path.. Is there any single command to see the file/directory permissions of all the intermediate directories in the path..?
2
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2answers
328 views

What file system is my file on? [duplicate]

How do I figure out which file system a given file/directory is located on? (For example, I would like to know if the file/directory is a temporary file in RAM, or if it's stored on disk. And what ...
3
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2answers
820 views

Organizing messy folder based on filetype

I have music lying on my desktop and in my downloads and Music folders. Similarly, I have .odt files lying all over my home folder (mainly desktop). Is there a tool (preferably GUI so my parents can ...
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1answer
1k views

file missing from Desktop screen but can be seen using “ls” under the Desktop directory

I downloaded some files onto desktop. After typing ls under the Desktop directory, I can see these files. However, I cannot see the icons on my desktop corresponding to the files I see with ls. I use ...
2
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1answer
114 views

Finding out *what* is synchronizing two Linux servers

The last person to maintain these Red Hat servers somehow set it up so they stay in sync -- if I delete files on one it automatically deletes them on the other. I need to set up a new configuration on ...
1
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1answer
1k views

Allow Windows file share through a Linux Firewall

I'm struggling to enable NTFS share between two Windows (XP and 7) hosts through a Linux firewall. Here's my setup: [XPMachine-LAN1]---------->[LINUX FIREWALL]---------->[Win7-LAN2] What I ...
3
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1answer
3k views

Lock file from being edited or deleted

I have CentOS and cPanel installed. I want to lock certain files (e.g. .ftpquota) from being deleted through FTP. I tried to change the ownership to root:root or root:lock but it didn't work; neither ...
14
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3answers
14k views

Is there a command to list the compressed file sizes for files within a .zip file?

I'd like to see the absolute size in bytes of each file that has been compressed into single zip file. Having read the zip man page, I'm not sure that that utility can do it. This is on Mac OS X. ...
6
votes
1answer
10k views

Rename All Files with a Certain Name

I'm trying to find certain files with the name "stringx" and replace the name (but not the extension) with "stringy". So basically for stringx.txt and stingx.cs, I'd want stringy.txt and stringy.cs. I'...
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2answers
2k views

Network file sharing with freebsd server

I have a freebsd server at home. I also have other OSes like linux and windows connected to the same network via WLAN (wifi). I want to be able to share stuff (what ever I download ;)) on my FreeBSD ...
6
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2answers
6k views

Should I end my text/script files with a newline? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What's the point in adding a new line to the end of a file? What is considered better behaviour: to leave the last letter of the last line to be the last byte of a file, ...
1
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1answer
2k views

Permissions for making some some (but not all) files visible directly under a directory

On wikipedia I read the following: The read permission, which grants the ability to read a file. When set for a directory, this permission grants the ability to read the names of files in the ...
2
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1answer
1k views

Sticky bit vs setgid for facilitating shared write access

Say two people with different primary unix GIDs share and need to frequently edit the same file. The users are not members of each others' primary unix GIDs, but they are both members of a common ...
5
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2answers
3k views

Counting files in leaves of directory tree

I came up with the following snippet for counting files in each subdirectory: for x (**/*(/)); do print $x; find $x -maxdepth 1 -type f | wc -l; done The command outputs consecutive pairs (one below ...
2
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3answers
4k views

find top 10 latest modified files

How do I get the last 10 files that were modified on my system. I have a system where its disk usage is maxed out I am not sure which files is increasing rapidly. I have a mysql instance stored on a ...
19
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3answers
28k views

Write access without read access

Is it possible for a user to have a write access to a file and not be able to read it? How is it possible? I tried the following commands: debianbox@debian:~/posix/io$ touch filetest debianbox@...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

Check a bash variable against a file

I have a bash variable ($HTTP_COOKIE) which contains a string. I want to check if this string matches the content of a given file (token). I'm working on a busybox linux. How should I do?
2
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1answer
4k views

How to trace file locks (per directory)

I'm quite new to Linux and I have not really a clue on how to do this. I've got a directory and I'd like to monitor (output to shell) when a file inside that directory get's a file lock and when it ...
4
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0answers
176 views

Repeatably generate a read error for testing? [duplicate]

I'm trying to test the error handling in some software, in particular what happens when an error occurs reading from a file or pipe. Is there a simple way to send a certain amount of data to stdout ...
8
votes
1answer
14k views

Is the file table in the filesystem or in memory?

In the context of operating system control tables, does the term "file tables" refer to a data structure that is part of the filesystem, or that is in main memory (and in which case I assume it would ...
3
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2answers
1k views

On touching a new file why is mtime and ctime older than atime?

I have this: $ ls -l ff ls: cannot access ff: No such file or directory $ touch ff $ stat ff File: `ff' Size: 0 Blocks: 0 IO Block: 4096 regular empty file Device: 803h/...
2
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4answers
232 views

Lines 1,2,3,4,…,n-1, n to lines n,n-1, …,4,3,2,1

I just realized that I could solve this problem by reversing line numbers from 1, 2, 3,...,n to n, n-1, ..., 3,2,1 and then use the same logic as earlier. So I want to know how can I reverse the order ...
2
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2answers
2k views

Comparing files and their properties

I get information of a certain set of files in my mail every day, which looks like this: 58623208 Sep 14 20:08 blbn_blfbe_drv 57904920 Sep 14 19:54 blbn_cycmn 55814208 Sep 14 06:02 clsa_Upd 38912000 ...