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Questions tagged [filenames]

File name is a name used to identify a file uniquely on given file system.

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16 votes
4 answers
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Delete a file called '.env'$'\r'

I have no idea what created this file - I guess a terrible shell script. It is called '.env'$'\r' I have tried various versions of rm, and the technique of opening the direcory with vim ./, selecting ...
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0 votes
2 answers
14 views

What is the colon in postgres' process command-lines?

For example Postgres process command-lines are like postgres 794 1 0 Nov06 ? 00:00:03 /usr/pgsql-9.3/bin/postgres -D /var/lib/pgsql/9.3/data -p 5432 postgres 857 794 0 Nov06 ? ...
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2 votes
0 answers
43 views

How to find (and move) all duplicate file names

Due to moving files back and forth from my Linux PC to a Mac, I now have a few documents that duplicate. Their names seem identical, but apparently they are codified slightly differently, like in this ...
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0 votes
1 answer
41 views

awk how to set the format output filename for multiple output

I have a file (file.csv) which looks like this: abc 123 abc 001 abc 014 bos 011 bos 034 bos 079 bos 004 ... PS: column 1 of file.csv has 27297 unique words in total, and file.csv has 789234 rows in ...
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  • 155
3 votes
1 answer
148 views

Handle names with spaces when iterating recursively over files [duplicate]

I am trying to recursively convert all .mkv files in a folder structure with subfolders to .mp4. I got a standard line that works in just the present folder for video in *.mkv; do ffmpeg -i "$...
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  • 135
0 votes
1 answer
37 views

looping through filename [closed]

I need to use a function that has as input multiple files. These files are related by the filename (e.g. dog1_animal.txt, dog2_animal.txt, dog3_animal.txt, cat1_animal.txt, cat2_animal.txt, ...
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  • 1
-2 votes
1 answer
62 views

What are the implications of adding "./" to relative symbolic links?

I noticed that when I create relative symbolic links, starting the source path with ./ keeps it that way and starting with an alphanumeric character keeps it that way, despite them both meaning the ...
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  • 219
-1 votes
2 answers
54 views

How rename files in two subdirectories which have the same name?

I have two subdirectories, s1 and s2, and each has files named file_1 and file_2 in them. How do I change the names of these files into, let's say, s1_file1, s1_file2, and s2_file1, s2_file2, such ...
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0 votes
2 answers
42 views

Remove particular words from filenames

I have a file named [ NarutoG] Naruto - 084 Roar, Chidori! Brother vs. Brother! [720p] [x265] [pseudo].mkv I want to change it to Naruto - 084 Roar, Chidori! Brother vs. Brother!.mkv I have ...
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0 votes
2 answers
19 views

How to zip specific individual files in a directory

for example, this folder ~/folder1/folder2 contains a lot of files like: abc_0101.txt abc_0102.txt ... abc_0201.txt abc_0202.txt ... abc_0301.txt abc_0302.txt ... abc_0401.txt abc_0402.txt ... how to ...
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0 votes
1 answer
60 views

Ubuntu and Debian have different character encoding for filenames

I am mounting a NFS filesystem to a Debian, an Amazon Linux and an Ubuntu file system and they are showing different character encoding for file name. An example file is displayed as follows in the ...
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  • 115
0 votes
1 answer
23 views

Convenient way to have selected files shown in the beginning of file lists in file managers?

In Windows if one wishes certain file (or directory) to be shown in the beginning of file lists in a file manager (no matter which one, really), one may choose to put the underscore character in the ...
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  • 61
0 votes
5 answers
74 views

print part of file name in the middle

I have several files with names as: ID_Italy.txt ID2_USA.txt ID3_Germany.txt ..... if I want to print before the _ I can do: for file in *.txt; do print "${file%_*}";done Output: ID ID2 ...
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4 votes
2 answers
205 views

loop through current directory store directory and subdirectory name in a array without duplicates

I have a scenario where I am looping through all directories and subdirectories in a given path; if a file with specific extension (.txt) is found, store the name of the directories and subdirectories ...
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  • 85
2 votes
2 answers
52 views

Maintenance script location

I have a bunch of maintenance scripts that are typically only run by cron or root. I had been putting them in /usr/local/sbin but honestly, I don't want them in the path. Normal users can't (and don'...
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  • 196
-1 votes
2 answers
68 views

How to find a file without showing "/"

im a beginner and I have no idea about the syntaxe of script shell Linux. I have to show only files ending with (.sh) which is already done. but these file ending with (.sh) their names has to be ...
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1 vote
1 answer
107 views

Append (rename) and move files based on the directory name in their path

Goal: Append (rename) and move only those files whose path contains a specific directory name, at any level. Extracting files from trees based on directory names. From years of periodic mobile backup, ...
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1 vote
1 answer
179 views

Bash script to read all files in a directory, adding their filenames into a string for use in a command line argument

I have a bash script that does something like this: java -jar executablefile.jar --width 100 --speed 50 --ouput outfile.mp4 --input file1.dat file2.dat file3.dat (etc) I am able to read all the files ...
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  • 111
5 votes
3 answers
178 views

Multiple column alphabetical and numerical sort

I want to sort based on the file name. For the case where the file name prefix matches and the file ends in a number, I would like to have those numerically sorted based on the number at the end of ...
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  • 1,393
0 votes
0 answers
26 views

Equal sign as file name separator: are there any caveats? [duplicate]

Currently I have a recursive directory of files that looks like the following foo_1/bar_1.txt foo_1/foo_2/bar_2.txt foo_1/foo_2/bar_2a.txt foo_1/foo_2/foo_3/bar_3.txt ... I need to use a bash script ...
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  • 103
0 votes
0 answers
15 views

General purpose file filtering tool

Lots of different applications have standards for generating sets of files, with files to be included or excluded specified in a separate text file. Git has .gitignore, Rsync has .rsync-filter, Plex ...
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  • 1,112
5 votes
1 answer
313 views

View file names in hex?

I have some files with special characters like accented letters. They are valid names, but for some reason when they are copied across the network to a drive, maybe in another format, the name still ...
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  • 435
0 votes
0 answers
24 views

UTF file names listing in xterm

I noticed that file names containing UTF characters have different listing results in my xterm & UXTerm. The first and the worst of all is they are listed/output as 8-bit enabled ASCII characters ...
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  • 495
0 votes
3 answers
70 views

Change number written in scientific notation in filenames

I'm going to make a video of image files, but the filenames contain numbers in scientific notation, so the ordering of the name will not be correct. The filenames are in this format: ABC_1.000000E-01....
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0 votes
1 answer
14 views

Bind mounts for renaming

Can I do a bind mount on file "b" from file "a" such that file b also adapts the name of file "a"? Ex: ls / a foo/b mount --bind a foo/b ls / a foo/a
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0 votes
1 answer
75 views

Changing part of the name of many files to unique names, using a spreadsheet of names

I need some help. I want to rename very many files with unique filenames using bash. I want to keep part of the original filename. For example: current file name new file name F1.R23.fastq.gz 10_1....
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  • 1
2 votes
2 answers
177 views

What is an effective way to automatically append file extensions to extensionless files?

I wrote a bash script today during my lunch break that finds extensionless files in a directory and appends a file extension to those files. The script is relatively long because I added a bunch of ...
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3 votes
1 answer
245 views

How to remove underscore between two numbers in all files in a directory

So I have a directory with nested folders, and at some point there are .png images. The naming of these images is like this "letters_numbers_numbers_letters.png", and I want to delete the ...
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0 votes
1 answer
107 views

Bash filename expansion: Avoiding certain character

In Bash, I can specify filenames Foo1.png through Foo9.png using Foo[0-9].png. I can avoid Foo5.png using Foo[1-46-9].png. Is there any way to specify a series of exclusions for the decimal digit? ...
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-2 votes
1 answer
31 views

Search for file existence

I have a .txt file with a set of file names and I wanted to check the existence of those files in a directory. cat file list.txt File1 File2 File3 My script should check if these files exists in the ...
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  • 15
0 votes
1 answer
24 views

I have file containing relative paths to many files, how to print only names of PDF files from this into another file?

So I used the find command to write relative paths to files that meet certain criteria into a text file. Now, I want to process this file so only the file names are printed without the path. Thus, ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
35 views

What's the difference between the pile paths '/' and '//'? [duplicate]

I noticed in Ubuntu that the following commands go to seemingly different locations in the file system, but the locations have the same files: cd / cd // ls-ing from both locations produces the same ...
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  • 103
0 votes
2 answers
75 views

Does ext4 have any issues when I have curly braces in folder names? [duplicate]

I decided to rip some of my Audio CDs to FLAC and although I try to avoid special characters in the name of the folders I named some of my folders with curly braces: 1973 - Aerosmith {1993 Remaster} ...
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2 votes
6 answers
862 views

Group and count file names following a pattern

I have a large number of files in a folder with a specific naming system. It looks somewhat like this: my_file_A_a.txt my_file_A_d.txt my_file_A_f.txt my_file_A_t.txt my_file_B_r.txt my_file_B_x.txt ...
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  • 131
0 votes
1 answer
45 views

How to open the n most recently modified files in less/vim?

How can I open all and only the n (e.g. 5) most recently modified files in a directory in less or vim? I know I can use ls -t to sort the output from most recent to oldest. So my intuition would be to ...
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0 votes
1 answer
273 views

Git clone; how to deal with directory clashes?

I have noticed that Git clone can easily download all files of a GitHub repository to to a directory named exactly as the GitHub repository (without having to deal with archives). If a directory with ...
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0 votes
1 answer
27 views

Rename odbc.ini file

Can you please let me know how can I replace the name from odbc.ini (old name) to .odbc.ini (new name) in putty using Linux commands?
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0 votes
2 answers
103 views

Can a file path be invalid UTF-8?

Title says it all: if I have the bytes of a file path and I try to decode them as UTF-8 is it possible that the operation will fail (i.e. the bytes of a valid unix file path can be invalid UTF-8)?
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10 votes
1 answer
2k views

Why can't I copy all files in a directory to a USB storage device?

The sdc1 was mounted on /media/debian/Ventoy. debian@debian:~$ sudo blkid | grep Ventoy /dev/sdc1: LABEL="Ventoy" UUID="F82D-76BE" BLOCK_SIZE="512" TYPE="exfat" ...
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  • 35
0 votes
3 answers
110 views

Linux rename single unknown file to new_file.txt

I have found many examples of batch renaming of multiple files to a new file with the same pattern. However I want to just rename one file to a fixed file name. I am frequently receiving a new file ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
40 views

How to: Copy Images from Gnome to public_html on same server

Hi there I am using CentOS7 as server + GUI. I want to move pictures from Gnome to a public_html directory. What is wrong with my command? cp -R ~orca/Documents/Tree\ of\ Knowledge/oceanahomes.com/...
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0 votes
2 answers
153 views

Loop over file names in a subdirectory that have periods, but exclude the path and file extension

I have a bash script in directory ./. This directory contains the directory output. Within output are files such as... Alabama.txt U.S. Virgin Islands.txt How do I loop thru the files in output and ...
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  • 715
6 votes
4 answers
1k views

How to pipe filenames with spaces from a list file into "grep"?

First, I think the fact that I'm using cygwin is highly relevant here. In theory, I already know how to do this: cat file | xargs grep pattern The problem is, some of the file paths in file have ...
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0 votes
1 answer
50 views

How to change two alternative file extension with a specific extension?

I have two different file extensions abc.fq.gz and abc.fastq.gz and I need to change these to abc.sam. I tried this: #!/bin/bash refdir="Homo_sapiens.GRCh38.dna_sm.primary_assembly" forward=(...
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0 votes
3 answers
412 views

Can't move/copy/download files with ?, !, :, or | to exFAT flash drive

I've got a bunch of video files on my laptop's internal ext4 SSD (running Ubuntu 20.04, but this same error would presumably occur on any Linux install running kernel version 5.4 or newer, as exFAT ...
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  • 107
0 votes
2 answers
83 views

How to sort filename list (txt-file) by sub-strings of the filename/path with multiple levels. Special challenge: Two types of filename conventions

I'd like to sort the following list of filenames / pathes. L1_Data/level1/192027/LC08_L1TP_192027_20201126_20210316_01_T1 DONE L1_Data/level1/192028/LC08_L1TP_192028_20201126_20210316_01_T1 DONE ...
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  • 111
0 votes
1 answer
123 views

kde dolphin customs menu how to run a python script and pass the dire and file as?

In running XFCE In Dolphin I wish to have a right click context menu, says myPythonScript, that will run the python script with directory and path as python sys.argv[1], sys.argv[2] In Thunar to run ...
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13 votes
3 answers
2k views

List all files with extensions .tif, .tiff, .TIF, .TIFF

Given a nested directory, I would like to list all tif files with extension .tif, .TIF, .tiff, .TIFF. Currently I'm using find . -type f -iname *.TIF -print ; find . -type f -iname *.TIFF -print; ...
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0 votes
0 answers
180 views

Using EXT4 partitions with WSL2

If I use WSL2 to mount an ext4 file partition, how will Windows treat the characters that Windows traditionally disallows but Linux is fine with using?
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2 votes
2 answers
300 views

Unzip a .zip which includes directories with spaces in Name

I have a problem with unzipping my transfered .zip file. Firstly, I zipped a owncloud data directory with the encryption parameter. Then I transfered it to my new Server und would like to unzip it ...
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