Questions tagged [etc]

/etc is the directory that holds the essential system and software configuration. Use this tag for questions on the organization of /etc or the syntax of configuration files within /etc. Don't use this tag for questions on the configuration of particular software.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Why systemd stopping immediatly after spawning?

I am facing issue while loading vpp.service in systemd. I have written following service. [Unit] Description=Vector Packet Processing Process After=syslog.target network.target auditd.service [...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

How can I `usermod` old users with new `/etc/skel` files?

I want to "update" old users with new /etc/skel content on Debian and Ubuntu installations. Scripting this is possible... find /home -maxdepth 1 -mindepth 1 -type d | while read homedir; do user="...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

Persisting sshd_config settings

When modifying Linux configuration files, it is often recommended to place local changes under a .d directory, e.g., /etc/sudoers.d/ or /etc/apt/sources.list.d. In my understanding this is to avoid ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Stuck setting up multiple network interfaces with one gateway using /etc/network/interfaces

I'm an advanced noob and I'm running into the limitations of my understanding of how to set up my network. My gateway to the internet should be 10.0.1.1, and I have 2 PCI 10ge nic cards installed to ...
2
votes
0answers
59 views

Can msmtp rewrite addresses?

I am trying to get all my system emails to be forwarded to my gmail address, using msmtp 1.8.3 and /etc/aliases on debian. It works, but I get errors from gmail. When I email root (via echo "hello ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Strange issue with DNS: drill works but getent hosts does not

I'm running Arch Linux ARM on a Raspberry Pi 4. I'm currently having an issue with the domain resolution. The "user space" applications including ping, web browser, etc. do not resolve hosts, although ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Use /etc/profile settings for passwordless user

I'm having a small issue. I have a passwordless user (jenkins) on a Unix system. This user is used by jenkins to perform some commands. Because I installed nvm on this unix system, I needed to add to /...
0
votes
0answers
133 views

vsftpd service does not start saying vsftpd.service: Main process exited, code=exited, status=2/INVALIDARGUMENT

I am configuring with Ansible a VM running Ubuntu to run this FTP server: vsftpd, however after the installation when I inspect the logs with journalctl -u vsftpd.service I see: Nov 20 17:49:58 my-vm ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Password Settings of AIX

esaadmin: password = * dbahx: password = ************* sysgina: password = ************* fsecbp: password = C6qoi9yK.H0So Hi All, I am trying to understand what does password = **...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Git/etckeeper shared between systems

I've four Raspberry PiZeroW on my system running ArchLinux ARM (alarm) that I use solely as snapclient for streaming music synchronously about the house. Initially I had one PiZeroW and I used ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

How to create user who will not be using /etc/passwd for authentication?

I want to add a user to my Ubuntu who will be authenticated using SQLite or another database. I don't want to use /etc/passwd file. How can I achieve it?
0
votes
2answers
273 views

Unable to save file in /etc/ssh/ because incorrect permissions (Linux Mint/Debian)

When I attempt to edit '/etc/ssh/sshd_config', and save the file, I get an error saying: 'Could not save the file /etc/ssh/sshd_config. You do not have the permissions necessary to save the file.. ...
1
vote
2answers
198 views

backup - can I use git to backup /etc? [duplicate]

I am using mac, and /etc is just a symlink to /private/etc, which contains hundreds of (important) configuration files, and the total size of /private/etc directory is smaller than 1 MB. Is it a good ...
1
vote
2answers
97 views

Is the .d notation for folders in /etc recommended or not?

When building a new software that will store a directory of configuration files in /etc, should the directory be named software_name.d or just software_name? I can't seem to find good style guides ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Find hostname of Mac OS client for NFS /etc/exports (permission denied)

I'm trying to set up an NFS server to browse files from a remote Ubuntu server on a Mac client. I'm having trouble finding out what to put as my client hostname/address in the /etc/exports entry. I ...
2
votes
1answer
534 views

Source of /etc/protocols and /etc/services?

Those files are databases which contain IP protocol number, alias and service mappings. As a user I don't usually interact with those in any direct way, but the need to create special Linux/GNU ...
-3
votes
3answers
65 views

How to display only names of the file [closed]

How to display only the names of the last 10 services listed in /etc/services?
0
votes
0answers
55 views

By enabling automatic security updates on CentOS/RHEL 7 how can I control the rest?

If I enable automatic security updates via "update_cmd = security" in "/etc/yum/yum-cron.conf" how am I able to control the "default" behavior of the other packages?
1
vote
0answers
120 views

A more permanent change to readonly squashfs mounted /etc

I have an IP-camera with the BusyBox v1.22.1 operating system that has some accounts either without or with public known passwords that I want to change to make it more secure. I have managed to log ...
1
vote
1answer
104 views

OpenBSD: Check what files under /etc has changed in comparison to pristine base system

I'm planning on setting up a new personal OpenBSD-current system by means of installing the latest OpenBSD snapshot, and I would want it to look more or less similar to my existing OpenBSD-current ...
0
votes
1answer
268 views

What is the difference between using crontab -e and /etc/crontab [duplicate]

I wish to run stuff from startup and also trigger reboots using cron. I was using sudo crontab -e and adding commands there. The commands work apart from the reboots. The reboots do not happen all ...
1
vote
1answer
505 views

Unable to edit auto_master under macOS Mojave [closed]

I'm running macOS since several years and I have an auto_master file that contains my mounts config. On a new Macbook, I cannot edit this file which is in the /etc folder and I have the following ...
0
votes
1answer
279 views

Why does the primary group of my user show up in /etc/group?

I'm following a course about Linux and it states the following: "The primary group of a user is not mentioned in the /etc/group file." However, my primary user "timgeldof" actually does show up in ...
0
votes
1answer
165 views

MAXWEEKS on Solaris is equals to 13

I have a server where MAXWEEKS is set to 13 in etc/default/passwd. I know that this setting means that password will expire after 13 weeks. My question is if the user does NOT change the password, ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Is there any way of resizing /etc directory in linux machine [closed]

I have tried to create a partition name "/etc' at OS installation time and my installation was not working.When I cancel creating "/etc" directory than it worked. Though all configuration files are ...
2
votes
1answer
311 views

Whitespaces in /etc/exports

I've read the following in a website [1]: /etc/exports is very sensitive to whitespace - so the following statements are not the same: /export/dir hostname(rw,no_root_squash) /export/dir ...
0
votes
1answer
465 views

/etc/bashrc overrides my settings in home .bashrc

i have the following code for my prompt in .bashrc in home dir: PS1_TIME='\033[01;31m\]\t \033[01;32m\]' PS1_USERNAME='\[\e[1;36m\]\u\e[1;37m\]@\e[1;32m\]\h\[\033[00m\]' PS1_LOCATION='\[\033[01;34m\]\...
0
votes
3answers
3k views

How to make name server address permanent in /etc/resolv.conf even after system reboot? [duplicate]

I changed nameserver in /etc/resolv.conf and after a system reboot it resets the nameserver back to what it was. I am using linux mint 19 (Cinnamon). This file is managed by man:systemd-resolved(8). ...
1
vote
1answer
265 views

user resources csh.login restrictions

I need to fix a vulnerability in a RedHat 6 server: File /etc/csh.login must exist, and must trigger an invocation of source /etc/profile.d/IBMsinit.sh. I verified file csh.login is in /etc, but I ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

How to write an automatically sourced shell script to /etc/profile

I heard through the grapevine that files in /etc/profile will be automatically sourced by bash upon login? I tried writing something simple to /etc/profile: echo "echo 'foo'" > /etc/profile/foo....
0
votes
0answers
125 views

Shall I run a sudo-required script in some shell configuration file?

Is it a good idea to put a sudo command in a shell configuration file? I have a bash script /home/t/bin/changeCpuFreq.sh which can change my cpu frequency. The line 40 in my script is echo $1 > /...
2
votes
2answers
926 views

How to manage /etc/passwd file

Let's say I want to keep the /etc/passwd file divided into system users like admin, wheel, root etc., and by actual users all at the end. How do I do that? By creating subdirectories?
3
votes
1answer
3k views

Are http://cdn-fastly.deb.debian.org/ and deb.debian.org one and the same service?

Sometime back, I had noticed that httpredir.debian.org no longer works or works a bit weirdly. I started using cdn-fastly.debian.org . This is how my /etc/apt/sources.list is setup currently - $ cat ...
-1
votes
1answer
1k views

Account locked after adding line on /etc/passwd file

I have installed this version of Ubuntu on my laptop. └─ $ ▶ lsb_release -a No LSB modules are available. Distributor ID: Ubuntu Description: Ubuntu 16.04.3 LTS Release: 16.04 Codename: ...
21
votes
3answers
23k views

What is the purpose of /etc/hosts?

As I understand it, the hosts file is one of several system facilities that assists in addressing network nodes in a computer network. But what should be inside it? When I install Ubuntu by default ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

AuFS reads and writes from different branches

I'm looking for a way to keep /etc files from a distribution intact, and keep any customizations in a separate partition, using AuFS to lay the customizations over the default files. Is it possible ...
14
votes
6answers
7k views

What is the benefit of /etc/apt/sources.list.d over /etc/apt/sources.list

I know this question has been asked before, but I do not accept the answer, "you can clearly see custom additions". When I add ppa's (which I have not done in years), I hit a key on my keyboard ...
1
vote
1answer
149 views

In Windriver Linux how /etc/resolv.conf file gets generated? [closed]

In Windriver Linux how /etc/resolv.conf file gets generated? Version- 8.0, kernel version 4.1.21 And if in case when I build an image if I package resolv.conf file too will the content of it gets ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Hyphen Suffix on file name [duplicate]

I decided to randomly take a look at my /etc directory, and I saw some entries like this: passwd passwd- shadow shadow- subgid subgid- I know they are hyphens (-) and not tildes (~). What are the ...
2
votes
3answers
326 views

Persistent systemd machine-id in a stateless (UBI/UBIFS) embedded linux environment

I have an embedded linux machine which has a read-only root filesystem which is loaded from a UBI/UBIFS. Every time the device boots it creates a new systemd machine-id which I understand from ...
0
votes
1answer
130 views

Where you set path for golang or java in ubuntu?

In some tutorials path is set in ~/.profile however in some other tutorials they use etc/path or ~/.bashrc, can you explain whats the difference and how it works in linux.
0
votes
2answers
1k views

su -s '/bin/bash' continues to use shell in /etc/passwd

I manually edited the shell for root in /etc/passwd and I have a typo. Making it worse, I have no sudo user on the box. So I have tried the following, with the following result: $ su -s '/bin/bash ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

/etc/group declared seemingly wrongly, still works?

This is more of a clarification question than a problem. I'm not a sysadmin, but out of curiosity I went through our config files and encountered this behavior. This is on a CentOS 5.8 system /etc/...
0
votes
0answers
77 views

Where do CLI tools conventionally store config files?

I'm working on CLI tool written in python. There should be default config directory. Very similar to nginx approach: conf_root |__main.conf |__projects |__project1.conf |...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Disallow user from entering, listing specific folders

I have a question about, how can I restrict a standard user from entering the /etc folder? My goal is to have a user with bash, who can enter the /var/www/html folder and its own home folder but ...
3
votes
1answer
8k views

Reload settings in /etc/fonts/conf.d

I am tweaking some font settings in Arch Linux. I have created a new .conf file in /etc/fonts/conf.avail/ and symlinked it into /etc/fonts/conf.d. I would now like to test the changes. I have tried ...
0
votes
2answers
789 views

no-mtab option not working for mount

I have a script which tries to mount /dev/loop0 on a mount point, say /mnt/mp on RHEL. The command I use is below. mount /dev/loop0 /mnt/mp --no-mtab -o ro This is not supposed to create any entry ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Dual Boot System File Issues with /Etc/ Hosts and Profile

I've done my first dual boot with Windows 10 and Ubuntu 16.04. While I used to have a Linux only set up, my current job needs me to interact with Windows software regularly. So, I've had two ...
1
vote
1answer
115 views

How to populate many config files with same value(s) [closed]

I have many programs and all of them have some identical values in their config files (most, if not all, of which are in /etc). Let's say it is hostname, which is stored in the config files of Apache,...
0
votes
1answer
160 views

javac installed in /etc

I have installed openjdk-9-jdk:amd64 on Ubuntu and when I run which javac it shows me a softlink leading to the /etc directory: $ ls -l /usr/bin/javac lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 23 kwi 13 08:09 /usr/bin/...