Questions tagged [dot-files]

A dotfile is a file or directory whose name begins with a dot. These files are typically found in user home directories, contain configuration information and hidden from view on Unix systems.

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5
votes
3answers
287 views

How to apply the changes to my `.zshrc` file after edit?

I just edited the .zshrc file to configure my zsh on FreeBSD. For example, updating the PATH system variable: path+=/usr/local/openjdk12/bin How do I make the changes take effect? Must I logout ...
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3answers
87 views

Kind of files which just have extension, like .bashrc or .cshrc

I'm wondering about files that have a name starting with a dot e.g. .bashrc or .cshrc have distinct feature? (Could we say .bashrc extension?) Maybe these kind of files are a member of a category? ...
1
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2answers
84 views

How to avoid copying “..” while using cp command in terminal? [duplicate]

I am using CentOS7 and when I use command cp /root/test/.* /root/test1 it also copies .. which copies all the files and folder in the parent directory of the source. How to avoid copying . and ..?
0
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1answer
47 views

Can you hide files and folders on MacOS the same way as Linux?

I'm trying to make a Python script that creates a hidden folder for a specific file I'm creating across any platform. I'm aware you can do this easily with Linux by placing "." as the beginning of a ...
4
votes
1answer
517 views

Dot in front of file [duplicate]

If there is a file and the filename starts with a dot in front of it. Does that mean that you created the file and you are hiding stuff in it or can the files get created on their own without you ...
3
votes
1answer
70 views

Which files in $HOME defines the user preferences in gnome?

I'm backup/syncing my dotfiles in my $HOME-Directory via git. I don't want to sync everything of course, so I ignore everything via .gitignore and re-add the important files. * !.bash* .*.swp ....
0
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0answers
70 views

How to always show hidden files/folders in Chrome OS Files app?

With the Chrome OS Files app, I know how to view hidden files and folders for a single open folder, but is there a way to make that persistent, either across all folders or for a particular folder?
0
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1answer
31 views

How do configure ZSH commands substition to not use backticks (`)?

I only want echo $(date) to return the date not the backticked version. echo $(date) # should return Wed Mar 6 09:50:41 EST 2019 echo `date` # should return `date`
2
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1answer
71 views

map ls -a to ls -A

I have tried to made an alias ls -a = ls -A, ending up with: bash: alias: `ls -a': invalid alias name I want ls -a without . and ... How can I get that?
0
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2answers
83 views

How to tar a directory including dotfiles, but omitting all reference to the directory itself

I want to back up home directories including the usual array of dotfiles, but I do not want the directory itself, or its permissions to be backed up or even mentioned. So, if I have a structure like ...
0
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1answer
90 views

Is there a totally empty Bash file I can use (or create) to extend .bashrc and .profile?

I know that by principle, one shouldn't change .bashrc and common changes like creating an alias should better be done in .profile instead. When I rent a new IaaS system with Bash as main shell, the ...
0
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1answer
25 views

Can not edit file symlinked (Permission denied)

I started using dotfiles to sync everything I need to github. But I got some problem when symblink config files from dotfiles/ to ~/ Examples: $ rm ~/.config/termite/config $ ln -s ~/dotfiles/...
1
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1answer
27 views

Excluding certain files from moving but move hidden ones too

In my deployment script I have such as code to exclude certain files. shopt -s extglob mv !(deploy.sh|file1|file2) ~/$public It works almost well but ignores hidden files so they are not moved. How ...
2
votes
6answers
199 views

How do I match only dotfiles in bash? [duplicate]

rm -rf .* will only not end horribly because rm refuses to delete . and ... How do I exclude these special directories from a glob pattern? This is not solved by dotglob since I want to match only ...
0
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1answer
57 views

How to save settings for Synaptic (Graphical package manager)?

I have dotfiles where I store the settings from all the programs that I use. I mean files with the extension .conf, .cfg, .rc and etc. But I cannot find a place where the Synaptic keeps its settings. ...
-2
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1answer
93 views

cp -r <Folder Name> .<Folder Name>

I run the command cp -r <Folder Name> .<Folder Name>. It have done something, but I cannot find it. Example: cp -r Agent .Agent.old # (There is a dot symbol on the 2nd folder name)
1
vote
2answers
75 views

Remove files/folders that start with “.” [duplicate]

This command: rm -rf "$HOME/.quicklock/locks/"* does seem to remove files or folders in the locks directory, which start with "." how can I remove those files too? Any other filenames that would ...
1
vote
1answer
324 views

How to disable oh-my-zsh features only in PyCharm terminal

When using the shell in PyCharm, I have noticed that when I type quickly, the auto-complete feature will cause characters to be dropped. Is there a convenient way to start /bin/zsh and cause it to ...
1
vote
2answers
149 views

Setting Vim to use shell syntax for dotfiles?

I am creating multiple files (.school_aliases and .git_aliases) to put my aliases in for organization. However, Vim doesn't highlight syntax for these files automatically like for .bashrc or ....
1
vote
2answers
305 views

Backup only hidden (dot) files with duplicity

I would like to backup config files (hidden, starting with a dot) with duplicity. Only files, no directories. The following command duplicity --include '/home/foo/.*' --exclude '/home/foo/**' /home/...
0
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1answer
481 views

Grouping hidden files and directories with ls

How can ls be flagged to sort .-prefixed hidden directories and files in groups so that its output is sorted as visible directories, hidden directories, visible files, then hidden files? I currently ...
0
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0answers
101 views

Windows 10 ISO content looks odd (“.” directory)

I've downloaded Windows 10 Disc Image from microsoft.com recently. I mounted it using Archive Mounter in Ubuntu. And I saw just a hidden folder "." and an empty "README.TXT" file in the root. ls -aR ...
1
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1answer
90 views

Migrate from Linux Mint to OS X [closed]

So my trusty Linux box died after 10 years of faithful service. The memorial will be Friday afternoon. Anyway, I am moving to a Mac (lesser of two evils - a Win 10 machine was the other option), and ...
13
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2answers
3k views

cp behaves weirdly when . (dot) or .. (dot dot) are the source directory

This answer reveals that one can copy all files - including hidden ones - from directory src into directory dest like so: mkdir dest cp -r src/. dest There is no explanation in the answer or its ...
0
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2answers
483 views

Symlinking all dot-files and -directories

Say I have a folder ~/dot containing some files and directories, such as zshrc, Xresources, and emacs.d. How do I create symlinks to all of those in ~, but such that the symlinks begin with a dot (....
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Is there a way to have ls show hidden files for only certain directories?

I have a directory where regardless of user or options selected, I would like it to always show hidden files. I know the -a option will show hidden files. I just want to automate the decision on ...
0
votes
1answer
265 views

Why does /etc/profile check PS1 rather than the -i flag in $-

I know of two ways to test whether a shell is interactive, [[ $- == *i* ]] && echo "-i option flag indicates interactive" [ -n "$PS1" ] && echo "prompt is set" I've read that ...
2
votes
6answers
3k views

UNIX: How to change all hidden files to visible in a multiple sub directories

I have hundreds of sub directories in a directory that all have hidden files in them that I need to remove the period at the beginning of them to make them visible. I found a command to go into each ...
1
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2answers
336 views

Good way to prevent student from messing program settings in /home/user

I am a teacher and I use Linux which is great! But students are curious about this "new" operating system they do not know and in GUI they tweak program settings which affects hidden files inside /...
4
votes
2answers
8k views

rm wildcard not working

I want to delete all .swp files recursively. However: rm -r *.swp Gives: rm: cannot remove ‘*.swp’: No such file or directory Just to be sure, ls -all gives: total 628 drwxr--r--. 8 przecze ...
1
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0answers
22 views

Methods to saving system configuration files [duplicate]

Normally user-specific config files would be dotfiles in the home-directory. If the user wanted a little more, they could put it in a dotfiles folder and symlink the files or use gnu stow to handle ...
0
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1answer
97 views

Bash use alternate dotfile?

I want to load my personalized bash file ~/.bashrc.me instead of the one that is located at ~/.bashrc I was hoping there was something to the effect of: bash --dotfile=.bashrc.me Does such a thing ...
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votes
2answers
356 views

Hiding files without affecting the software or operating system's functionality [closed]

Random software keeps on creating folders in my home folder which gets messed up and disorganized. I decided to clean things up. I added a dot . in the beginning of the folder's names in order to hide ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Where to put bash configuration for newly created users? [duplicate]

I have an assignment and I'm confused which bash configuration file to edit. I'm supposed to edit a bash configuration file and change the PS1 prompt and add an environment variable that searches ~/...
2
votes
1answer
5k views

Remove everything within directory using for loop

I am trying to remove large amount of mails (mostly mail delivery failed) from my server using rm -rf /home/*/mail/new/* And I am getting -bash: /usr/bin/rm: Argument list too long I tried using ...
4
votes
4answers
873 views

bash moving hidden files, reset dotglob?

I wanted to move all files, including starting with dot (hidden) and folders (recursively). So I used the following commands shopt -s dotglob nullglob mv ~/public/* ~/public_html/ and it worked. ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

Would replacing sourced bash functions with executables decrease startup time

A typical bash setup, sourcees additional dotfiles on startup which obviously increases the startup time. Is there an be any benefit of moving the contents of a function to its own executable file? ...
1
vote
1answer
321 views

Symlinking `init.el` in

I would like to symlink my emacs init.el into a dotfiles repo - located at ~/Documents/Dotfiles. However, when I attempt to do so the command fails even though my prompt doesn't return an error - ls -...
3
votes
1answer
227 views

Keeping dotfiles in sync for different folders

I am using Dropbox for storing my dotfiles from which I create soft links to my home directory. For configuration files which I do edit by myself it works very good, however applications like firefox ...
7
votes
1answer
304 views

How are files/dirs hidden from ls -a while still being accessible otherwise in a POSIX compliant system?

For example, in ZFS under FreeBSD and ZoL, there is a magic .zfs dir inside of each zpool mountpoint and you can use zfs set snapdir=visible to make that .zfs dir visible. What makes me curious is: ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Bash pattern to match directories whose names begin with a dot (period), by being “explicit”, instead of using “shopt -s dotglob”?

When constructing a pattern that matches a file name such as /home/user/project/.git, how does one match the . character "explicitly" -- that is, without the use of shopt -s dotglob? The manual at ...
2
votes
1answer
642 views

dotfiles: can/should(?) gnu stow make hard links, so I can still use xfce settings gui programs

I'm trying to manage my dotfiles under version control. My dotfiles repos contains a xfce-base folder, this folder contains the .config/xfce4/.../xy-setting.xml stuff. I can stow, or better, symlink ...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

How to ls with globbing for hidden files?

Why the following doesn't include hidden files ? ls -a *vim* that will return ls: cannot access '*vim*': No such file or directory ls -a | grep vim .vim .vimrc
1
vote
1answer
125 views

Creating a dotfile script

I asked this question over on SO and didn't get very far; here is the current version of my script and what I'd like the do. Suggestions for debugging and testing are what I'm looking for. I'll ...
3
votes
2answers
527 views

Dealing with machine specific configs when using git for configuration management

I've been using a git repo for managing my systems configs for a while now. I used the documentation on Digital Ocean tutorials here. Pretty much I have a remote repo on a server. Do a git clone of ...
5
votes
4answers
8k views

How to delete all files in a current directory starting with a dot?

I use Ubuntu 14.04 and in a terminal I became root with sudo su and I wanted to delete root's trash manually. It deleted everything except for a few files that start with a dot. Like .htaccess etc. So ...
1
vote
1answer
158 views

Git tracking dotfiles that are symlinked

I keep my dotfiles in a private git repo on bitbucket and this works great for the majority of my files (.vimrc, .tmux.conf etc) then I just set up symlinks from my home directory to my cloned gitrepo ...
2
votes
2answers
180 views

ssh directory disappears after `mv ssh .ssh`

I was in user home directory , and wanted to rename the ssh folder into .ssh folder. I tried this. rachit@DESKTOP-ENS2652:~/ssh$ ls some-machine some-machine.pub rachit@DESKTOP-ENS2652:~/ssh$ cd .. ...
2
votes
0answers
101 views

How to handle multi-machine-dot-file-versioning

I'm thinking about versioning my dot-files via git on a public repository. I've moved all the interesting dot-files like .profiles or .vimrc to the repository and subsequently symlinked them to there ...
0
votes
5answers
641 views

how to iterate through files in directory excluding hidden files

Using: for eachfile in /mnt/thara/* Which iterates through hidden files as well. I don't need hidden files.