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Questions tagged [desktop-environment]

Questions related to the general behaviour or configuration of desktop environments, especially in cases involving several DEs. For questions specific to one DE, see the associated tags (eg. [gnome], [kde], ...).

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215 votes
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How to install Desktop Environments on CentOS 7?

I have recently installed CentOS 7 (Minimal Install without GUI) and now I want to install a GUI environment in it. How can I install Desktop Environments on previously installed CentOS7 without ...
αғsнιη's user avatar
  • 41.4k
85 votes
4 answers
32k views

Windows Managers vs Login Managers Vs Display Managers Vs Desktop Environment

I posted a question and noticed people weren't distinguishing correctly between many of these things: Windows Managers vs Login Managers Vs Display Managers Vs Desktop Environment. Can someone please ...
ptrcao's user avatar
  • 5,655
81 votes
5 answers
33k views

What is D-Bus practically useful for?

dbus is supposed to provide "a simple way for applications to talk to one another". But I am still not sure what it is useful for, practically. I have never seen a situation where dbus is ...
Martin Vegter's user avatar
49 votes
2 answers
35k views

Difference between Xorg and Gnome/KDE/Xfce

I want to learn more about UNIX systems and I think I have a pretty straight forward question. I think I know what X is used for: It gives a standard to applications to present their UI's (among other ...
RenX's user avatar
  • 619
34 votes
11 answers
42k views

Screen corruption after hibernate — Is there another way to refresh the X11 display?

When I restore from hibernate the screen is often corrupted. I suspect the graphics memory is not being saved. Suspend-to-ram works fine otherwise. It also looks like the font-cache is corrupted, as ...
ctrl-alt-delor's user avatar
34 votes
1 answer
10k views

How does xdg-open do its work

According to the man page, xdg-open will open a file using the application the user has configured. But how is that application actually determined? I can see no config files associated with xdg-utils,...
MvG's user avatar
  • 4,411
30 votes
5 answers
11k views

How can I disable the shutter sound of gnome-screenshot?

After a recent update of my LMDE, the gnome-screenshot tool started making an annoying camera shutter noise every time a screenshot is taken. This is both annoying and startling (especially if you ...
terdon's user avatar
  • 242k
30 votes
11 answers
29k views

Lightest way to run GUI applications in Linux? [closed]

I realized I can use a window manager without a desktop environment and don't lose any functionality I care about. Applications still work fine, I can still arrange application windows as I please. ...
phunehehe's user avatar
  • 20.3k
29 votes
2 answers
34k views

Debian Desktop Environment in Installer

I have researched the heck out of this question and found two pages about the issue but not clarifying it. In the debian-installer during the optional software selection phase you have these options: ...
mas's user avatar
  • 1,909
28 votes
9 answers
30k views

How to detect the desktop environment in a bash script?

I am writing a bash script that needs to know which desktop environment (XFCE, Unity, KDE, LXDE, Mate, Cinnamon, GNOME2, GNOME3,... ) is running. How can I obtain that information?
Serge Stroobandt's user avatar
25 votes
4 answers
32k views

How to change the default filemanager of the Cinnamon desktop?

I'm running an Arch Linux machine with the cinnamon-git desktop from the Arch User Repository. The default filemanager is Nautilus, is there any way to change the default filemanager to thunar?
febLey's user avatar
  • 353
24 votes
4 answers
16k views

Is there an "open with" command for the command line?

Does the command line have a way to get a recommended list of programs used to open a particular file, based on the file type? For example, a .pdf file would have an open with... recommendation using ...
modulitos's user avatar
  • 3,155
20 votes
1 answer
43k views

How to determine which desktop environment is installed from the shell? [duplicate]

The only Desktop Environment I ever used was Xfce, now for sheer curiosity, I installed Kali Linux. I clicked here and there on the Desktop in a vain hope to get info about the Environment itself. Is ...
sharkant's user avatar
  • 3,720
19 votes
2 answers
10k views

Correctly setting environment

I'm using zsh and gdm to run gnome. Some time ago I discovered that variables are not set correctly. For example LANG/LC_ALL are incorrect ("" instead of en_GB.UTF-8). I split the .zshrc into .zshrc ...
Maja Piechotka's user avatar
19 votes
1 answer
6k views

Understanding linux desktop

I use debian wheezy xfce and want to set up my desktop. But I read some settings are redundant. Hence I want to understand how everything works, but I am massively lost. Can someone please sort, ...
ManuelSchneid3r's user avatar
18 votes
3 answers
16k views

Kde: how to bind permanently an application to a desktop/activity?

Im pretty new to Kde 4.8 and I can not figure out how to get this behaviour that I used to have in Gnome: Desktop 1: developer/misc (browser, editor/ide, diff, etc..) Desktop 2: virtual machines (...
Strae's user avatar
  • 233
17 votes
7 answers
37k views

How to find information about the system/machine in Unix?

I have always found it difficult to find information about the system itself in Unix, whether it be Which OS I am using (version number and all, to compare it with the latest available builds)? Which ...
Lazer's user avatar
  • 35.4k
16 votes
3 answers
19k views

How to get rid of desktop environment and use a window manager only?

I have been using xterm for all my work. I realized that the features that desktop environments like GNOME has to provide are not of much use to me. Now, is it possible that I remove GNOME and KDE ...
Andrew-Dufresne's user avatar
15 votes
3 answers
20k views

Disabling KWin compositor from command-line

Is there any way to disable KWin compositing effects from command-line? AFAIK it's possible to disable it via System settings->Hardware->Display and Monitor->Compositor but it requires a KWin ...
Parsa Mousavi's user avatar
15 votes
6 answers
6k views

Show file system instead of "places" in gtk file chooser

In almost any program, when I click on open, a file chooser dialog opens as shown below. This dialog shows Recent, Home, Desktop and so on. This is extremely annoying. I am not using Desktop to store ...
Martin Vegter's user avatar
14 votes
6 answers
7k views

Text only mode in Linux (No Gnome, KDE, Unity) to prolong battery life

If I want to disable my GUIs completely to save battery life, how would I proceed? I know that I can hit Ctrl + Alt + F3 and be on the command line, but the desktop manager would be in the background ...
juannot clearence's user avatar
14 votes
1 answer
16k views

Screen turns off after 10 minutes and I can't find out why

I'm running Arch Linux with Mate Desktop version 1.16.0 on Linux kernel 4.8.13. I have a weird problem. My screen turns black after around 5 or 10 minutes and I can not find out why. Here is my mate ...
q9f's user avatar
  • 2,358
14 votes
1 answer
2k views

Is there a launcher that features tab-completion?

I'm looking for a "proper" launcher that also allows running raw commands, including tab completion. Hence, it must do two things, at a minimum. It's a "proper" launcher, hence ...
Sparhawk's user avatar
  • 20k
13 votes
2 answers
5k views

Which window manager or desktop environment is in this image?

Which distribution is the one in the picture below. More precisely, in which distribution can I find that top bar with the navigation numbers on the left ?
Blencer's user avatar
  • 249
12 votes
8 answers
134k views

GNOME: Bottom task bar is missing/blank after upgrade

I am running kali linux, which has gnome. I just updated with apt-get update && apt-get upgrade and that completed without incident, only a little while after did I realise that my bottom ...
Totem's user avatar
  • 1,111
12 votes
2 answers
34k views

Gnome Shell: Running shell script after session starts?

I'm a long time KDE user, never seen GNOME since may be Mandrake Linux 10 something. Yesterday I took a look at GNOME Shell on Youtube and thought it may worth a look. It actually is worth, but I ...
Mikhail Krutov's user avatar
12 votes
4 answers
49k views

How to switch desktop environment in Debian

I've recently set up a new computer using Debian 9.1 . During the initial configuration, I installed the desktop environments Gnome and LXDE. Presently the system is set up to use Gnome as the (...
William's user avatar
  • 315
12 votes
2 answers
6k views

Retrieve the window name and role

I'm running Eclipse and I detached some of the windows. Now I have 4 windows linked to Eclipse. What I need is to be able to identify each individual window and be able to control it. If I run tools ...
slybloty's user avatar
  • 1,258
11 votes
3 answers
5k views

Forgot to install the desktop environment while installing debian 12

I forgot to install the desktop environment while installing Debian 12. I'm stuck in tty1 when installing, no GUI, only text. I've asked on a Facebook group, and people there say I forgot to install ...
Ari's user avatar
  • 113
11 votes
5 answers
11k views

Play audio output as input to Zoom

Somewhat related to how to pipe audio output to mic input and https://askubuntu.com/questions/602593/whats-a-good-soundflower-replacement-for-ubuntu but those both involve "recording". I want to ...
Elijah Lynn's user avatar
  • 1,075
10 votes
3 answers
7k views

Which window manager has Python bindings?

I've been coding bits here and there with Python and I'm most interested in Desktop Environments, for which I always have ideas I want to try out. I have tried to play around with python-xlib but ...
neydroydrec's user avatar
  • 3,837
10 votes
5 answers
6k views

Why do freedesktop .desktop files not allow relative paths?

The .desktop files have become the de-facto standard to easily access applications on Linux desktops, with executables not being easily startable from the GUI otherwise and many launchers not using ...
Christian's user avatar
  • 368
10 votes
2 answers
38k views

.conkyrc - how to set real transparency

It's long time I'm trying to fix my .conkyrc configuration file in order to set real transparency. There are many post out there about it, but none of them helped in my case, it seems the solution ...
lese's user avatar
  • 2,726
10 votes
2 answers
10k views

How to install CDE on Debian?

According to Wikipedia, the Common Desktop Environment was released under the GPL and at one time was ported to Debian. But searching through Debian's software repository, I was unable to find CDE. Is ...
Village's user avatar
  • 5,075
9 votes
4 answers
15k views

Find the lightest desktop environment

A high-votes answer here for the question "What's the lightest desktop" which actually tried to quantitatively assess memory use relies on a Wikipedia page which quotes 2011 data. The newest ...
K7AAY's user avatar
  • 3,816
9 votes
2 answers
3k views

How to set a single modifier key as a shortcut in openbox?

I want to have my super key start dmenu. I have set it as a keyboard shortcut in my rc.xml as follows: <keybind key="0xffeb"> <action name="Execute"> <command>...
gandalf3's user avatar
  • 245
9 votes
2 answers
6k views

Difference between a Window Manager and a Desktop Environment? [duplicate]

What exactly is the difference between between a Window Manager and a Desktop Environment? E.g.: sawfish vs. gnome.
LanceBaynes's user avatar
  • 40.2k
9 votes
2 answers
5k views

The most light-weight Compiz compatible environment?

I require Compiz for organizational reasons; I make heavy use of its window sorting features. But I like light-weight environments so that I can give as much of my system's resources to the ...
Garrett's user avatar
  • 375
9 votes
1 answer
4k views

Is there a way to retrieve the name of the Desktop Environment? [duplicate]

Is there a way to retrieve the desktop environment name (e.g. Gnome, Unity, XFCE, LXDE, KDE...) from the command line or using Python?
giuspen's user avatar
  • 1,315
9 votes
1 answer
11k views

How to make nemo support compressing files by context menu?

I use Cinnamon on ArchLinux and Nemo is it's default file manager. I've tried 3 GUI file archivers (p7zip with WxGTK, peazip & file-roller), but none of them add a "compress option" in the context ...
wenLiangcan's user avatar
9 votes
4 answers
5k views

Getting visual feedback of workspace switch in xfce

I make heavy use of workspaces, and have a lot of them (a 6x4 grid). I usually run openbox, but am currently using a machine that doesn't have openbox set up, so I'm using xfce because it's already ...
intuited's user avatar
  • 3,538
9 votes
2 answers
3k views

Setting the LANG environment variable for xfce

I am on a multi user Debian Stretch system which has en_US.UTF-8 as default locale, but I want de_DE.UTF-8 for my user. I was able to set it for terminals, by adding export LANG=de_DE.UTF-8 to ~/....
Kritzefitz's user avatar
8 votes
5 answers
91k views

Where is the path to the current user's desktop directory stored?

I am very new to linux and am going through and learning all the basics. While I was doing so I realized how odd it was that the OS treats certain files differently--namingly by displaying them on the ...
Shadow43375's user avatar
8 votes
4 answers
48k views

Can we switch desktop ( GNOME, KDE, etc ) within linux?

I started using linux mint 13 mate yesterday. Although the words from their site is promising, I found it lack some ways for configuration. For example, I want to enlarge the scroll bar so that I can ...
lamwaiman1988's user avatar
8 votes
5 answers
7k views

Gnome, KDE, XFCE... which is most simple and customizable?

This'll be my first Linux install, so I've never had to choose between a desktop environment (I come from OS X) -- forgive me if I'm not fully literate on where exactly the OS ends and the desktop ...
iDontKnowBetter's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
11k views

Return to X session after Ctrl+Alt+F1

What is the command to return to the graphical desktop after entering the terminal mode with Ctrl+Alt+F1? I need it for operating my Raspbian.
aldorado's user avatar
  • 625
8 votes
2 answers
3k views

Desktop overlay program showing CPU, HDD, etc. stats

In different screenshots of people's Linux desktops, I've seen different apps that overlay the desktop with information about their computer. Often this gadget/app shows CPU and HDD information. ...
mouche's user avatar
  • 1,315
8 votes
2 answers
1k views

What are the user interface subsystems, their components and responsibilities?

I am trying to understand the different subsystems that are in charge of the user interface, the terminology to refer to them, and how they are structured; so far I know there are: At the top level: ...
7 votes
2 answers
5k views

Why does installing different desktop environments break things? [closed]

So something you often see on blogs and such are articles about how to install different DEs on your favorite Linux distributions. It kinda bothers me that people talk so casually about doing this, ...
RyanW's user avatar
  • 181
7 votes
4 answers
13k views

Lightweight desktop environments to replace GNOME for CentOS?

For a project I need to write and execute Ansible scripts in a Linux environment (CentOS). Though using the command line and vi is interesting, I need to use graphical file explorer and Visual ...
Samselvaprabu's user avatar

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