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Questions tagged [busybox]

BusyBox combines tiny versions of many common UNIX utilities into a single small executable.

36
votes
4answers
74k views

How to get whole command line from a process?

How can I get the command arguments or the whole command line from a running process using its process name? For example this process: # ps PID USER TIME COMMAND 1452 root 0:00 /sbin/...
28
votes
2answers
3k views

Are BusyBox commands truly built in?

I was reading the famous Unix Recovery Legend, and it occurred to me to wonder: If I had a BusyBox shell open, and the BusyBox binary were itself deleted, would I still be able to use all the ...
24
votes
2answers
316k views

Recovering from 'grub rescue>' crash [closed]

Originally posted to AskUbuntu.com ... AskUbuntu has adopted a policy of closing questions about EOL (End Of Life) versions. There's a vocal contingent to remove them as well. To prevent ...
22
votes
2answers
46k views

When does the system send a SIGTERM to a process?

My server program received a SIGTERM and stopped (with exit code 0). I am surprised by this, as I am pretty sure that there was plenty of memory for it. Under what conditions does linux (busybox) send ...
17
votes
4answers
8k views

How does one atomically change a symlink to a directory in busybox?

I am trying to (as close as possibly) atomically change a symlink. I've tried: ln -sf other_dir existing_symlink That just put the new symlink in the directory that existing_symlink pointed to. ln -...
17
votes
5answers
34k views

Merge two lists while removing duplicates

I have an embedded linux system using Busybox (OpenWRT) - so commands are limited. I have two files that look like: first file aaaaaa bbbbbb cccccc mmmmmm nnnnnn second file mmmmmm nnnnnn ...
17
votes
6answers
73k views

What overwrites /etc/resolv.conf on every boot?

I was given the files for a mini linux, that boots directly into firefox. It works for all it should be doing, only that I do not get an internet connection. We have 3 DNS servers in the network, ...
13
votes
6answers
23k views

Busybox ping IP works, but hostname nslookup fails with “bad address”

I am compiling my own 3.14 kernel. I fear I may have left out some important networking feature to get DNS working. I can't resolve domain names. I can ping my DNS server. I can resolve using that ...
12
votes
4answers
64k views

Sorting by date

Original: Jan 23 2011 10:42 SOMETHING 2007.12.20.avi Jun 26 2009 SOMETHING 2009.06.25.avi Feb 12 2010 SOMETHING 2010.02.11.avi Jan 29 2011 09:17 SOMETHING 2011.01.27.avi Feb 11 2011 20:06 SOMETHING ...
12
votes
2answers
18k views

How do I find the resident memory size of a process on busybox?

I run top on busybox and it shows all processes and their virtual memory size. How do I determine how much RAM is being used by each process?
12
votes
3answers
23k views

How do I check busybox version (from busybox)?

I'm using busybox in a embedded system, and I would like to check its version. How do I check the busybox version from within busybox?
11
votes
1answer
10k views

Minimal Linux with kernel and BusyBox: /etc/inittab is ignored, only /init is executed

I managed to create a small and fully functional live Linux CD which contains only kernel (compiled with default options) and BusyBox (compiled with default options + static, all applets present, ...
10
votes
3answers
11k views

How to get 3 minutes future date?

I want to get the date 3 minutes on the future. For example, if "now" is 01-Jan-70 00:00:00 GMT I want to get 01-Jan-80 00:03:00 GMT How should I do it? I'm working with busybox linux.
10
votes
2answers
37k views

Create and control start up scripts in BusyBox

I have compiled a custom linux kernel in BusyBox. BusyBox init does not support runlevels. When the kernel boots up in BusyBox, it first executes init which looks for the specified runlevel in /etc/...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Which sed version is not GNU sed 4.0?

I'm trying to figure out which version of sed that I've got on BusyBox 1.18.3. The --version output is cryptic. $ sed --version This is not GNU sed version 4.0 The following code is from the ...
10
votes
1answer
11k views

How to fix “deauthentication by local choice”?

I built an embedded Linux using Buildroot and I have some trouble to stay connected to my AP. Cannot get an IP address more than once. I use wpa_supplicant to connect to my AP using WPA2-PSK. It ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

Finding files older than x days on a system with a stripped down busybox

I need to find and delete files older than 1 week in the Development unit. There are limited number utilities available on this unit. -mtime find's predicate is not available. How do I check all files ...
8
votes
3answers
3k views

Generate new name for moved file to prevent overwriting?

How can I generate a new name for a file if there's an existing file With that same name? In a Desktop environment a new name is generated my appending a number to the end of the file name, but how ...
8
votes
3answers
7k views

Wake-on-LAN with BusyBox?

Is it possible to implement the wake-on-lan magic packet in bash? I'm using a old, customized BusyBox and don't have ether-wake. Is it possible to replace it with some other shell command, like: ...
8
votes
1answer
13k views

How to interpret busybox “top” output?

I am using BusyBox on a small embedded ARM system. I'm trying to read the "top" output, in particular for the Python process listed. How much real memory is this process using? Also what does VSZ ...
7
votes
3answers
7k views

How to generate initramfs image with busybox links?

Having been directed to initramfs by an answer to my earlier question (thanks!), I've been working on getting initramfs working. I can now boot the kernel and drop to a shell prompt, where I can ...
7
votes
1answer
555 views

How can I convert a date with a named month to a unix timestamp with only Busybox tools?

I'm working in an environment where I pretty much only have access to busybox tools, and trying to convert a date in the format Mon Jan 1 23:59:59 2018 GMT to a unix timestamp, in a shell script. I ...
7
votes
1answer
556 views

How can I find the Secure Attention Key (SAK) on my system and can I disable it?

In answer to My process was killed but I cannot understand the kernel notice, I was pointed to some documentation on the Secure Attention Key (SAK) on Linux. I have a embedded system generated using ...
6
votes
5answers
32k views

Bash iterate over a list of strings

I have this bash script: for opt in string1 string2 string3 ... string99 do somestuff It works, but I would like to replace the explicit listing of my strings with a file which actually contains all ...
6
votes
3answers
9k views

Converting from binary to hex and back

Given a binary file, how do you convert it to a hex string and back, using only standard tools like sed and cut, on a minimal system with busybox installed? These tools are not available: perl ...
6
votes
3answers
31k views

Stat disk drives wihout lsblk?

I have a minimalist busybox system that I was recently trying to use, and I found a small problem: it has no lsblk command. Is there another command to list disks, partitions, and sizes like lsblk? ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

inittab '-' character in process field

I have a an inittab file with the following entry: console::askfirst:-/bin/ash According to this Man page a '+' character in the process field means init will not do utmp and wtmp accounting for ...
6
votes
2answers
9k views

Find the PID's of all threads of a process without ps or pidof

So the system I'm working on (BusyBox) has a ps that takes no command line arguments and pidof returns nothing even though it exists within /sbin and points to killall5. Another issue I had is that ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

How to develop a small linux distro?

Since Linux uses open-source packages, I was wondering if I could develop my own Linux distro by compiling these packages. I tried to read the Linux From Scratch book but it's quite big and uses lots ...
6
votes
5answers
5k views

sshd not starting after boot on embedded linux built with buildroot?

I've done a minimal install using buildroot's default config for the Raspberry Pi. I also selected openssh and openssl from menuconfig: Package Selection for the target ---> [*] Networking --...
6
votes
3answers
71k views

How to remount as read-write a specific mount of device?

How to remount as read-write a specific mount of device? (one folder) The file is "Read-only file system", rw-r-r, so it not allow to change permissions. I need to replace that file, then change ...
5
votes
6answers
11k views

Trying to set date on a Linux based machine from another machine

I am running busy box on an embedded platform. I would like to set the date on the box properly each time I reboot the hardware. I have no way to save the time persistently, so am reduced to setting ...
5
votes
3answers
5k views

RegExp testing with ash shell (BusyBox)

I need to do a RegExp pattern test on a certain bit of user input. This is the pattern I need to test the value against. ^([a-z]{2,3})\-([a-z][a-z]*[0-9]*)\-(\d+)$ An example match would be: na-...
5
votes
2answers
20k views

Trouble getting busybox switch_root to work

I'm working on an embedded ARM Linux system that boots using initramfs. (Here's some background from a couple earlier questions, if you're interested.) So far, thanks in part to help received here, I ...
5
votes
3answers
267 views

Portable way to invoke tar with a list of files from stdin

I want to create a .tgz from the content of a directory. I also want to strip the leading "./" from the tar'ed content. I had done this as follows: cd /path/to/files/ && find . -type f | cut -...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

What is the complementary command to 'rx' for xmodem transfer?

I have an installation of busybox on an embedded linux system that comes with a great little utility called rx: rx FILE Receive a file using the xmodem protocol This is perfect for transferring ...
5
votes
1answer
7k views

updating `/etc/resolv.conf` on a read only filesystem

I currently have a busybox based embedded linux system. The filesystem is a readonly mounted jffs2 filesystem. One problem I've run into is that /etc/resolv.conf can't be updated by DHCP. Is it ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

Search for a string in files recursively in BusyBox 1.0? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to grep a text recursively on BusyBox 1.0? How can I search for a string in a file recursively in BusyBox 1.0 if find and grep are not available ? (I want to telnet into ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

How can I get /bin/login to not timeout

In my /etc/inittab I am using the following line: ttyS0::respawn:/bin/login This gives me a login prompt if I want to connect to the serial port. But it keeps echoing this: [hostname] login: Login ...
5
votes
1answer
4k views

BusyBox Date Command Set Time with UNIX Timestamp

In bash, the following works for setting the date from a UNIX timestamp ( seconds from the epoch ): date +%s -s @`date +%s` In Busybox, this does not work. How can I do the same for the date command ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Return status of Busybox `timeout` command

I'm writing a shell script that's supposed to function on various different distributions, some of which are using busybox and some are not. This script uses the timeout command to figure whether a ...
5
votes
1answer
5k views

Set environment variable (TZ) for all startup scripts and inittab

I'm working on an embedded Linux system and looking for a way to set the time zone for all processes. The question is: Is there any possibility to set the TZ environment variable at boot time (init ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

Rename files with spaces in a BusyBox shell

I'm trying to rename some files on my Synology Diskstation via SSH. The available shell is the BusyBox built-in shell: BusyBox v1.16.1 (2013-04-16 20:13:10 CST) built-in shell (ash) The move command ...
5
votes
1answer
627 views

Using OGG/Vorbis, is there a way to continue to record to an existing audio file?

I am using Vorbis/ogg to record audio (using arecord and then pipping to oggenc). I have downloaded oggvideotools, which gave me oggCat, which will let me join two previously recorded audio files into ...
4
votes
4answers
2k views

How can I reboot my Linux system every 60 seconds?

I am debugging some embedded hardware that runs Linux 3.2.6 Angstrom distro, I need the unit to reboot every 60 seconds. I tried this: In /etc/rc5.d : S99reboot -> /home/root/test.sh /home/root/...
4
votes
6answers
5k views

Date in milliseconds on OpenWRT on Arduino YUN

I am using OpenWRT on the Arduino YUN and I am trying to get the exact date in milliseconds (DD/MM/YYYY h:min:sec:ms) by getting the time by an timeserver. Unfortunately date +%N just returns %N, but ...
4
votes
2answers
7k views

Busy box Read file line by line

There is no read applet comming with busy box. Is there any way to read a txt file line by line using busybox? What I have now is while read line do echo $line done < "$InputFile"
4
votes
1answer
7k views

What are special prompt symbols for busybox's sh support?

I want to setup a time prompt on PS1. But, there is no document about what are symbols the busybox support. Is there any one know? Here are all which I knew. PS1='\u@\h: \w \$'
4
votes
3answers
3k views

No /proc in a Busybox-based embedded Linux distribution

I am making an embedded Linux distribution and my board is a Raspberry Pi. My kernel version is 3.2.27 without initramfs and my root file system as follows: /lib /* contains ...
4
votes
2answers
5k views

How to make a minimal bootable linux (only with terminal) from kernel source code? [duplicate]

I want to make a very minimal linux os which only have a terminal interface and basic commands/applications (busybox is my choice for commands/apps). I don't want the installation option on my os. I ...