Questions tagged [administration]

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0
votes
2answers
81 views

Compare Linux configuration with default

My system fails to upgrade. I suspect it was breached. Is there a way to compare system configuration to default version that should be at this date and kernel version? My current system is Debian, ...
19
votes
2answers
38k views

How to know reason of a process going to sleep state and wake it up?

When I do 'top' , I see my perl script process in 'S' state. Is there a way to know, what is making this perl process go in sleep state and ways to wake it up? Any way to debug to give more insights ...
2
votes
1answer
710 views

Winbind / AD - changed user account issue

So here's an odd one. We've had a user for years who happens to have a user id by local convention that matches a system account. So of course, I changed the users user ID in AD to avoid issues and ...
0
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2answers
1k views

How do I install a program as a different user? [duplicate]

To be very specific: Debian system: I want to install Linuxbrew, when logged in as root, as a specific user. Linuxbrew enjoys the niceness of being installed by the user, for the user's specific ...
1
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2answers
220 views

Are basic system administrator utilities such as useradd or adduser standardized?

Are basic system administrator utilities such as useradd or adduser standardized? If so, where can I find the specs? (POSIX doesn't seem to encompass those, but I might need to take a better look).
14
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2answers
48k views

How to see complete list of processes in top

When I do 'top', I learn that there are many processes running out of which many are in sleep state. I need to see complete snapshot of all processes at that point. the 'top' is able to show listing ...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

Owners and groups of everything inside /var are changed mistakenly [duplicate]

I have recursively changed owner and group of /var to root:root. I have mistakenly ran following command while standing in /var. I thought I was in /var/www, sudo chown root:root . R Now many things ...
1
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0answers
312 views

Tasksel vs metapackages

Some debian applications are installed via tasksel, rather than the traditional apt tool. What is the benefits/differences between the methods, when we already have the option of meta-packages?
2
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2answers
731 views

AT&T UNIX System V Release 4 - How do I create a new “Administrator” user?

I am running AT&T UNIX System V Release 4 Version 2.1 inside VirtualBox, and want to create a new "user account" for myself. At first, I simply created a new user with the useradd command, but ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

NIS and /etc/passwd

Shadow passwords are to be avoided in a NIS server, as suggested in this guide at paragraph 7.6. So: in a NIS server (a Unix or Unix-like system), should all the users be migrated to /etc/passwd from ...
0
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3answers
3k views

/etc/passwd permissions and GECOS field

The default permissions on Ubuntu (or even some BSD) distributions for the /etc/passwd file are 644. It is pointed out in questions like this that /etc/passwd is a sort of user database and it is ...
8
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7answers
4k views

How to prevent a mistaken rm -rf for specific folders?

I think pretty much people here mistakenly 'rm -rf'ed the wrong directory, and hopefully it did not cause a huge damage.. Is there any way to prevent users from doing a similar unix horror story?? ...
10
votes
1answer
13k views

How to get Oracle java 7 to work with setcap cap_net_bind_service+ep

I am trying to grant the java executable the right to open ports below 1024 on Linux. Here is the setup /home/test/java contains the Oracle Server JRE 7.0.25 CentOS 6.4 Here is what getcap returns ...
1
vote
1answer
186 views

Unable to get last connection info for SSH users (locked, no shell, public key) is there an alternative?

I have several remote systems connecting to my server via SSH to establish tunnels. They authenticate using a public key, their user is locked and their shell is set to /usr/sbin/nologin It all ...
-1
votes
1answer
1k views

How to add StartUp application in Arch Linux [closed]

I am using Arch Linux, I want to add a start-up program in Arch Linux. How to add start-up program which will execute after login after every boot ? Note: I am not system administrator, I am just a ...
2
votes
2answers
492 views

Global Shell Variables?

As a system administrator with root access on a unix machine, is it possible to provide default shell variables to all users of a system? That is, as an individual unix user, I can define ...
2
votes
1answer
160 views

Remove ex-admin user account and grant privileges / permissions / ownership to another

I would like to find the simplest way to remove the old system admin's user and group from a Gentoo server and put them all under my name instead. He no longer works here and it would appear that a ...
0
votes
3answers
402 views

How do I get a list of all enabled media in Mageia via CLI?

I have read URPMI from Mageia wiki but there seems to be no mention of how I can check the currently enabled media using urpmi command. There is urpmi.addmedia and urmpi.removemedia. So I tried doing ...
1
vote
3answers
164 views

Linux SW RAID and physical volumes

In each guide about software RAID in Linux, I could find online I see that people usually create/assemble RAID devices using partitions, like: mdadm --create --verbose /dev/md0 --level=5 --raid-...
1
vote
4answers
190 views

Backup remote management protocol in case of faulty SSH server

I have a remote computer which I currently cannot access with SSH. The computer responds to ping but SSH gives connection refused, so I suspect the ssh-server is not working for some reason. What ...
3
votes
1answer
133 views

Where is the appropriate place to deploy web apps?

I am a new sysadmin (by default). We have an ubuntu 14 server with two users. Both users need to deploy web apps to the (production) server. My plan is to create a folder off of root /apps/ and ...
8
votes
1answer
309 views

List Kerberos principals with valid TGTs

Is it possible to query my (MIT) Kerberos KDC to return a list of principals who have been issued TGTs that are currently valid? My use case is that I would like to find out which users are currently ...
0
votes
2answers
139 views

Redhat subscriptions - synchronise subscriptions

I have inherited a system admin role of a small cluster of redhat machines - most running rhel5 and one machine running rhel6. My sys admin skills are at the moment poor but I would like to improve ...
11
votes
2answers
14k views

Change user info on the command line

I have made a user in Mint 16 but want to change its first and last name without deleting it and starting from scratch. I know how to do it with a GUI but I want to know the terminal command ...
4
votes
1answer
5k views

Default files in home dir for each user [duplicate]

I'm using ubuntu server 14.04. I want to add some files and folders by default in each user's home directory, whenever a user account is created.
0
votes
1answer
312 views

How can I tell if lack of memory is causing these crashes?

I have a tornado web server running a flask application that connects to a postgres 9.3 database on an ubuntu 12.04 box. The application has been crashing intermittently and I am trying to understand ...
2
votes
2answers
227 views

Any interface for building a server in Linux Xubuntu. (not desktop)

Is there any interface or program that I could install on my Linux Xubuntu that would help me set up a server using the terminal as little as possible?
1
vote
1answer
51 views

How can I administer a server if USB disabled?

I'm looking to disable USB via the kernel for a high-performance server. How can I effectively administer the server, if problems occurs if USB isn't enabled? Without USB, keyboards and mice ...
2
votes
1answer
661 views

Integrating LDAP and Kerberos V to add users via a useradd-like interface

I'm currently trying to set up an integrated Kerberos V/LDAP system for authentication/authorization. From what I have managed to gather, there are at least two ways to integrate Kerberos V with LDAP: ...
1
vote
1answer
167 views

How to provision software across multiple laptops [duplicate]

I've got a bunch of laptops for my classroom and I'm using Ubuntu. I want to be able to add/update/remove software across them as easily as possible and I'm not sure how to go about it. I was ...
49
votes
4answers
38k views

Is it possible to rename a Unix user account?

I installed Ubuntu on a computer that is now used by somebody else. I renamed the account with her name, but it only changes the fullname, not the user name, which is still displayed in the top right (...
2
votes
1answer
176 views

How to specify a daemon shutdown command with upstart?

In an upstart configuration how do I define what command should be used to shutdown a server. Lets say I have daemon that has two seperate processes. startup.sh - to start the server shutdown.sh - ...
2
votes
2answers
539 views

Is there a way to administrate multiple computers at the same time?

Let's say you have 24 computers. They all have the same Linux or Unix distro on them, with the exact same configuration, but with different users. Is there a way to be able to do the exact same thing ...
5
votes
4answers
21k views

CentOS 6 - nameserver entry in resolve.conf resetting after restarting network services?

In /etc/resolv.conf, I've changed the nameserver line to a new IP address. After saving and exiting, I run service network restart. I then go open /etc/resolve.conf again and see that the IP address ...
1
vote
1answer
536 views

What unix certifications are available? Are there any self-taught?

I have a friend who is a Red Hat Certified Engineer. I also know there is the Linux Professionals Institute LPIC-1, 2, & 3. Are there other popular ones? How do I pick one to start with?
4
votes
1answer
39k views

Important scripts useful for a Linux system administrator [closed]

I am a Linux system administrator and constantly find myself doing the same chores again and again. I need some scripts to make life easier. What are the most important scripts needed by a Linux ...
0
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3answers
25k views

Where Is MySQL installed on My Machine?

What is going on, everybody? Recently I have installed MySQL server on my Debian machine using Advanced Packaging Tool, and I am curious where it is installed and how I can find all the source files ...
0
votes
1answer
88 views

How to issue a warning to administrator (when the administrator issues a system restart) when user has process running

Background I work on a development team and for each project we have a different server setup to emulate the environment of our customers. It can be hard to keep track of what I was doing on each ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

How does iptables recognize packet state?

Consider these two sets of rules: Set A -A INPUT -m conntrack --ctstate ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT -A INPUT -j REJECT -A OUTPUT -j ACCEPT Set B -A INPUT -m conntrack --ctstate ESTABLISHED,...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

Manage another Linux installation on another partition in the same computer

How can I manage (install packages, manage packages, check for updates and the like) for another Linux installation on another partition in the same machine? I would be doing this from Ubuntu, and ...
4
votes
1answer
347 views

What is a program I can use to mess up a GNU/Linux system in an automated way?

I once ran across a program that, when run on a GNU/Linux system, would automatically screw up something about the system. Maybe it would corrupt the users database. Maybe it would mess with the boot ...
1
vote
2answers
591 views

Does DM-Crypt partition look like random noise?

If I format partition with dm-crypt does its entry in partition table suggest somehow that this partition is encrypted or for someone from outside it looks like regular partition with random noise ...
66
votes
4answers
346k views

How do I run a command as the system administrator (root)

I need to run a command with administrative privileges. Someone said I should run a command as root. How do I do this?
5
votes
0answers
103 views

Logging violations of rules in limits.conf [duplicate]

I'm trying to log the details of the programs that where failed due to the limit cap defined in the limits.conf. My initial plan was to do it using the audit system. The idea was to track the system ...
0
votes
2answers
609 views

Debian [ Wheezy ] : Suricata : LibHTP outdated

While looking to test suricata from the Debian Wheezy repo I ran into an issue. cat /var/log/suricata/suricata-start.log 23/9/2013 -- 19:25:03 - <Info> - This is Suricata version 1.2.1 (rev ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

How to prevent users from renaming files while providing write permissions on Linux [closed]

For some special purpose, I want to prevent non-root users of the Linux Server from changing or renaming the filenames. However, they can modify and write to the contents of the file. How to do this ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

How to auto-start my bash_profile? [duplicate]

When I open a new terminal, it doesn't execute auto-start my bash_profile. I need to do "source .bash_profile". When I use Screen, it happens again.
1
vote
5answers
983 views

change of Unix default directory structure [closed]

Is it possible to change the default Unix/Linux directory structure? I mean by configuration and without need to change the kernel. Or if the kernel has to be edited, how hard is such task? Is the ...
17
votes
2answers
38k views

Vim: searching upward/downward in file from specific point/position

I want to search a word from my current cursor position in vim to upward in file. How to achieve this? Also how to do same for downward in file.
24
votes
2answers
1k views

Why did a new user inherit files from a deleted user?

So I had to do an exercise in a book as homework. First you had to create a user like: useradd -c "Steven Baxter" -s "/bin/sh" sbaxter Then you had to add some files to the /home/sbaxter directory: ...