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On Linux, the system calls splice(2) and tee(2) are used to transfer data between two file descriptors. One or both of the file descriptors must be a pipe, according to documentation. Why? Can this be made to work with sockets? Does it work currently, or would kernel modifications be required?

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Right now they just splice pipe buffers together; socket buffers (on Linux) are different animals, and drag kernel networking into it. Limiting it to AF_LOCAL sockets would simplify implementation at the cost of complicating validation — and you still probably have to deal with them being allocated and mapped via the network buffer management subsystem instead of from anonymous file buffers.

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