I use ArchLinux on all my machines.
Unfortunately, the ArchLinux installer is no longer as beginner friendly as it once was but installing Arch or Gentoo is a good learning experience.
Linux doesn't name partitions in terms of
C:\, D:\, E:\ instead it will be
/dev/sda1, /dev/sda2, /dev/sdb1. Note that *nix differentiates between partitions on the same drive vs physically separate drives. The letter X in
/dev/sdX specifies the drive and the number #
/dev/sda# specifies the partition.
Furthermore, the raw
/dev/sdX# device nodes are separate from their mountpoints (traditionally
/media/<label>, with SystemD now
/run/media/<user>/<label>). However, for the current ArchLinux installer you will manually mount
/ (root partition; equivalent to Windows
/mnt for the purposes of the installation.
My recommendation is to first download the GParted LiveCD. This will help you make sense of your partitions and allow you to prepare them for the installer via a graphical (GUI) means.
You can only have 4 primary partitions using a traditional DOS/MBR partition table, so you may choose to make the 4th partition
extended and inside that create
logical partitions. Choose
EXT4 for your ArchLinux partition. You should also create a
SWAP partition (2GB recommended; equivalent to Windows
hiberfil.sys) for hibernation and virtual/overflow RAM support. I don't think you'll need a separate
Additionally, I strongly recommend that you choose the GRUB2 bootloader. It offers a lot of features (such as ISO booting) and works basically "out of the box" with ArchLinux. You can generate a config file using
grub-mkconfig that will create a boot entry for Windows. Some of that stuff on wiki is regarding UEFI or alternative boot methods which shouldn't concern you.
Best of luck!