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The problem that I am having is the extremely long time that fsck is taking. I have thoroughly made searches on Google, but I could not find anything that would resolve the problem.

The command that I am running is sudo fsck.ext4 -vc /dev/sdb1.

I have a 200GB SATA hard drive which has some bad sectors. It is SMART-compatible, however, SMART somehow is not capable of remapping the sectors. The command that I am running is going to check for bad sectors and add them to the bad block list. However, here is the output so far:

e2fsck 1.42 (29-Nov-2011)
Checking for bad blocks (read-only test): 1.95% done, 11:53:24 elapsed. (1657/0/0 errors)

At this rate it will probably take around 1 month.

Now don't tell me "Your hard drive is too old and it's gonna fail soon blah blah blah". I just want to add the bad blocks to the badblocks list. The hard drive is not developing any new bad sectors.

My machine has an i3 quad-core with 8GB of RAM. My CPU usage is under 10%, and about 1.5GB of the RAM is used. Nothing is paged.

The disk which I am checking has a newly created ext4 filesystem with nothing on it.

I just don't understand why it will take 1 month to fsck a disk and list bad blocks. Something is definitely wrong here. Any advice?

  • It sounds like the SATA ports might not be configured correctly on the system's motherboard or that the system is not configuring this HDD correctly when detected. – slm Jun 9 '13 at 13:58
  • What do you mean by this? The HDD is currently unmounted at /dev/sdb – fuzzyhair2 Jun 9 '13 at 13:59
  • If you go into your BIOS you need to confirm the setup of the SATA port which the HDD is connected to. Most likely isn't setup correctly. – slm Jun 9 '13 at 14:04
  • Ok, I will go check. BTW how does the data setup affect speed? – fuzzyhair2 Jun 9 '13 at 14:17
  • This isn't data setup per say. It's like trying to drive your car in 2nd gear on the high way at 55 miles per hour and not understanding why it can't. The SATA ports can be configured in a couple of different modes, check to make sure it's in AHCI mode. – slm Jun 9 '13 at 14:24
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SMART doesn't remap sectors, it just detects and logs errors. Bad sectors are remapped automatically when written to. You can do this with dd or hdparm --write-sector.

If your drive cannot remap the sector because it has run out of reserve sectors then you should be one step before panic.

Remapping them in the file system does not make much sense.

If hdparm -t /dev/sdb gives you reasonable results then you may run badblocks on its own (with -s) in order to check whether its faster if run directly and run it through strace if it is not faster in order to get an impression where the performance problem results from.

Maybe there are certain areas on the disk which cause a lot of read retries.

  • Thanks for the answer. dd gives an I/O error at specific sectors. I want to add those sectors to the do-not-use list. SMART does indicate multiple read errors though. – fuzzyhair2 Jun 9 '13 at 14:54
  • Multiple retries seems to be the issue. I keep getting read DMA failed – fuzzyhair2 Jun 9 '13 at 14:58
  • Does dd give these errors when reading or when writing? If you get errors from sectors near each other then you may save time by simply creating a list of consecutive sectors for e2fsck. – Hauke Laging Jun 9 '13 at 15:04
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    If you have another SATA cable you might want to try swaping that out as well. – slm Jun 9 '13 at 15:31
  • Errors while both. I created a new partition skipping the first 30 GB and there were no more errors. Ended up with a smaller usable HDD but hey, at least it works! Thanks guys. – fuzzyhair2 Jun 9 '13 at 23:51

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