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This question already has an answer here:

I use lspci for pci devices and lsusb to list the usb hardware devices, is there something similar to list my SATA HDD model ?

marked as duplicate by vonbrand, Hauke Laging, slm, Chris Down, Mat May 15 '13 at 5:13

This question has been asked before and already has an answer. If those answers do not fully address your question, please ask a new question.

11

You can use hdparm to retrieve information about your hard drives, eg.,

hdparm -I /dev/sda

Where I, according to the man page:

-I Request identification info directly from the drive, which is displayed in a new expanded format with considerably more detail than with the older -i option.

For SCSI drives, use sdparm.

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hdparm usually with the -i or -I options should give you rather exhaustive information.

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smartctl -a will even tell you the serial numbers of the disks.

  • hdparm does that too. – peterph May 14 '13 at 22:25
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I know you've already accepted an answer but I thought I'd add something for posterity:

If you need to know what block devices are seen by the kernel /sys/block/* will have the listing. You'll have to sift through that list to filter out the virtual devices that just present to the system as block devices.

Most modern distributions will also list the devices by their path (for example, if they're SAN, which HBA and what the WWPN they're coming from, etc) if you do ls -l /dev/disk/by-path:

[root@dfletcher ~]# ls -l /dev/disk/by-path
total 0
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root  9 Jan 27 17:17 pci-0000:01:00.0-scsi-0:2:0:0 -> ../../sda
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Jan 27 17:17 pci-0000:01:00.0-scsi-0:2:0:0-part1 -> ../../sda1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Jan 27 17:17 pci-0000:01:00.0-scsi-0:2:0:0-part2 -> ../../sda2
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Jan 27 17:17 pci-0000:01:00.0-scsi-0:2:0:0-part3 -> ../../sda3
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root  9 Jan 27 17:17 pci-0000:01:00.0-scsi-0:2:1:0 -> ../../sdb
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Jan 27 17:17 pci-0000:01:00.0-scsi-0:2:1:0-part1 -> ../../sdb1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root  9 Jan 27 17:17 pci-0000:01:00.0-scsi-0:2:2:0 -> ../../sdc
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Jan 27 17:17 pci-0000:01:00.0-scsi-0:2:2:0-part1 -> ../../sdc1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root  9 Jan 27 17:17 pci-0000:1a:00.0-fc-0x500601663ee0025f:0x0000000000000000 -> ../../sdd
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root  9 Jan 27 17:17 pci-0000:1a:00.0-fc-0x500601663ee0025f:0x0015000000000000 -> ../../sde
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root  9 Jan 27 17:17 pci-0000:1a:00.0-fc-0x5006016e3ee0025f:0x0000000000000000 -> ../../sdf
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root  9 Jan 27 17:17 pci-0000:1a:00.0-fc-0x5006016e3ee0025f:0x0015000000000000 -> ../../sdg
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root  9 Jan 27 17:17 pci-0000:1a:00.1-fc-0x500601653ee0025f:0x0000000000000000 -> ../../sdh
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root  9 Jan 27 17:17 pci-0000:1a:00.1-fc-0x500601653ee0025f:0x0015000000000000 -> ../../sdi
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root  9 Jan 27 17:17 pci-0000:1a:00.1-fc-0x5006016d3ee0025f:0x0000000000000000 -> ../../sdj
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root  9 Jan 27 17:17 pci-0000:1a:00.1-fc-0x5006016d3ee0025f:0x0015000000000000 -> ../../sdk
[root@dfletcher ~]#

In the last line pci-0000:1a:00.1-fc-0x5006016d3ee0025f:0x001500000000000 can be read left to right as: coming off the pci bus, from device at PCI address 1a:00.1, fibre channel protocol(fc), with the remote WWPN of 0x5006016d3ee0025f. The last number is a LUN id that the HBA has assigned to that LUN, but I've never found it useful.

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If you don't have hdparm and can't install it then you can try dmesg | grep -i ata to obtain some information about your hard disks.

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