i want to find all the files that are not executable. I know how to find executable files

find -executable

but I don't know how to do the negation of -executable

1 Answer 1


You can use ! as a negation for most flags, although you have to escape it in some shells:

find \! -executable

You can also use -not if you are using the GNU version, but it is not POSIX-compliant.

See find(1) for more information.

  • I used that on my bin directory and it listed my scripts as non-executable?@forest
    – fixit7
    Sep 13 at 2:15
  • @fixit7 Are you sure they are executable then? What is their mode (e.g. 755)?
    – forest
    Sep 13 at 2:16
  • But why did it list them? -rwxrwxr-x 1 andy andy 234 Apr 15 16:30 Tea.sh* -rwxrwxr-x 1 andy andy 58 Jun 15 2020 text2file.sh* @forest
    – fixit7
    Sep 13 at 2:16
  • @fixit7 I don't know. Can you post the entire output, including the command you used?
    – forest
    Sep 13 at 2:29
  • 1
    @fixit7 The paths should precede the predicate expression (e.g. find foo.sh bar.sh ! -executable). I wonder what find you're using if it didn't raise an error like GNU's does when putting paths after the condition.
    – JoL
    Sep 14 at 6:14

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