I noticed that when I create relative symbolic links, starting the source path with ./ keeps it that way and starting with an alphanumeric character keeps it that way, despite them both meaning the same thing. Both kinds act identically in every case I can think of, but there must be a reason why the developers chose to add this seemingly unnecessary redundancy; perhaps there are edge cases where one would behave differently from the other.

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    Why do you think anybody had to add any redundancy? This could simply be a result of how pathname resolution works in the first place.
    – muru
    Apr 18 at 18:35
  • @muru Good point. But my more general question remains.
    – ATLief
    Apr 18 at 18:37
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    This isn't redundancy. This is simply "do exactly what the user told us to do, and don't try to second-guess them by looking for redundancies which will only slow down the program 99.999% of the time it's run."
    – John
    Apr 18 at 18:51
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    Of course, there's the case you sidestepped by saying "alphanumeric character" - filenames beginning with a - are significantly different in behaviour
    – muru
    Apr 18 at 19:03
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    Why should the developers put in a check to see if you linked ./foo/bar instead of foo/bar? The relative path is the same so should they second-guess your intent?
    – doneal24
    Apr 18 at 19:22

1 Answer 1


Creating a symbolic link only stores the target as a string, no attempt is made to resolve the link at all. There are several reasons for this; one is that a symbolic link can be created pointing to a file which may exist later (because it will be created later, or because it will appear later, e.g. through a new mounted file system); another is that symbolic links can be used to reference data which isn’t a file at all (on Linux, look at the links under /proc/*/fd — you’ll see some pointing to pipes, sockets, deleted files etc.).

The target of a symbolic link is explicitly specified to be a string, stored as-is. It is only interpreted when a program attempts to open the symbolic link as if it’s a file.

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