Is there a way to return the current watt consumption on the command line? I have found about the powertop program, but have not seen a way to return the Watt consumption as a value to the command line. I'm thinking of some file that I can cat or grep.


On my system I can obtain the power drawn from the battery from

cat /sys/class/power_supply/BAT0/power_now

On Thinkpads if the tp_smapi module is loaded, the file is

cat /sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/power_now

The value seems to be in µW, though. You can convert it with any tool you're comfortable with, e.g. awk:

awk '{print $1*10^-6 " W"}' /sys/class/power_supply/BAT0/power_now
9.616 W

In case you cannot find the location within the sysfs file system, you can search for it:

find /sys -type f -name power_now 2>/dev/null

Additionally, the package lm-sensors may be used to determine the system power usage on some machines:

# sensors power_meter-acpi-0
Adapter: ACPI interface
power1:      339.00 W  (interval =   1.00 s)

My laptop has none of these (it also has no battery currently), but it does have a "powercap" device.
It seems this device is able to set restrictions on the user power.

And it (naturally) can read the power draw in order to enforce them.
The power draw can be found at the energy_uj file, i.e.:

cat /sys/class/powercap/*/energy_uj

It'll show the lecture (or lectures, if you have many powercap devices) in micro-Joules. This is actually a counter of the energy consumed, so you need to divide it by a time delta in order to get the power.

Is this the power drawn by my laptop, or just a part of it? I don't know.

  • Well, these devices are fairly common on new computers... On all of my tests, at least one of them shows a realistic power draw value with very good precision. I should test with a multimeter, though. – Alba Mendez Oct 12 '14 at 9:03
  • This seems a pretty nice solution. Where do you get the time delta from? – Freefri Jan 11 '17 at 13:01
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    @Freefri you read the value, wait 1 second, read the value again. 1 second is your delta. (Energy_now-Energy_one_second_ago) / 1 second = joules consumed per second (or watts, 1 watt = 1 joule / 1 second) – GDR Nov 10 '17 at 22:03
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    Do you know, how to find out, what is each of these "powercap" devices? I would like to track the power consumption of the entire system. Probably, I should take all of them into account. – mabalenk Jun 18 '20 at 14:00
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    @mabalenk: There is a name value giving the name, apart from that it seems one has to research about RAPL to understand what they mean. RAPL seems to separate its measurements into package, core, uncore and optionally dram. To my understanding package should include both core and uncore, but despite the hierarchical layout I am not sure about dram. – aufziehvogel Dec 17 '20 at 16:49

On a laptop by reading the ACPI data from either procfs or sysfs. On my system the files are:


Note that the sysfs is heavily symlinked so there are many ways to reach the file. power_now is the file name you are looking for.

sudo tlp-stat -b

It will show the current power consumption in milli Watt unit.

--- TLP 1.1 --------------------------------------------

+++ Battery Status
/sys/class/power_supply/BAT1/manufacturer                   = SANYO
/sys/class/power_supply/BAT1/model_name                     = L12S3F01
/sys/class/power_supply/BAT1/cycle_count                    =     16
/sys/class/power_supply/BAT1/energy_full_design             =  32560 [mWh]
/sys/class/power_supply/BAT1/energy_full                    =  16180 [mWh]
/sys/class/power_supply/BAT1/energy_now                     =  16090 [mWh]
/sys/class/power_supply/BAT1/power_now                      =      0 [mW]
/sys/class/power_supply/BAT1/status                         = Unknown

Charge                                                      =   99.4 [%]
Capacity                                                    =   49.7 [%]
  • Welcome to the site, and thank you for your contribution. As a general rule, however, please avoid attaching screenshots of console output in questions and answers. They are often difficult to read, their content cannot be copied when trying to reproduce the behavior, and the post cannot be found by search engines. Therefore, if possible please edit your post and paste the console output with appropriate formatting, as you already did with the command-line. – AdminBee Apr 9 '20 at 12:06
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    i just needed to install the utils sudo apt install tlp tlp-rdw – Aryeh Beitz Jul 19 '20 at 11:12

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