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Is there a way to return the current watt consumption on the command line? I have found about the powertop program, but have not seen a way to return the Watt consumption as a value to the command line. I'm thinking of some file that I can cat or grep.

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6 Answers 6

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On my system I can obtain the power drawn from the battery from

cat /sys/class/power_supply/BAT0/power_now
9616000

On Thinkpads if the tp_smapi module is loaded, the file is

cat /sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/power_now

The value seems to be in µW, though. You can convert it with any tool you're comfortable with, e.g. awk:

awk '{print $1*10^-6 " W"}' /sys/class/power_supply/BAT0/power_now
9.616 W

In case you cannot find the location within the sysfs file system, you can search for it:

find /sys -type f -name power_now 2>/dev/null

Additionally, the package lm-sensors may be used to determine the system power usage on some machines:

# sensors power_meter-acpi-0
power_meter-acpi-0
Adapter: ACPI interface
power1:      339.00 W  (interval =   1.00 s)
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9

My laptop has none of these (it also has no battery currently), but it does have a "powercap" device.
It seems this device is able to set restrictions on the user power.

And it (naturally) can read the power draw in order to enforce them.
The power draw can be found at the energy_uj file, i.e.:

cat /sys/class/powercap/*/energy_uj

It'll show the lecture (or lectures, if you have many powercap devices) in micro-Joules. This is actually a counter of the energy consumed, so you need to divide it by a time delta in order to get the power.

Is this the power drawn by my laptop, or just a part of it? I don't know.

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  • Well, these devices are fairly common on new computers... On all of my tests, at least one of them shows a realistic power draw value with very good precision. I should test with a multimeter, though. Oct 12, 2014 at 9:03
  • This seems a pretty nice solution. Where do you get the time delta from?
    – Freefri
    Jan 11, 2017 at 13:01
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    @Freefri you read the value, wait 1 second, read the value again. 1 second is your delta. (Energy_now-Energy_one_second_ago) / 1 second = joules consumed per second (or watts, 1 watt = 1 joule / 1 second)
    – GDR
    Nov 10, 2017 at 22:03
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    Do you know, how to find out, what is each of these "powercap" devices? I would like to track the power consumption of the entire system. Probably, I should take all of them into account.
    – mabalenk
    Jun 18, 2020 at 14:00
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    @mabalenk: There is a name value giving the name, apart from that it seems one has to research about RAPL to understand what they mean. RAPL seems to separate its measurements into package, core, uncore and optionally dram. To my understanding package should include both core and uncore, but despite the hierarchical layout I am not sure about dram. Dec 17, 2020 at 16:49
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On a laptop by reading the ACPI data from either procfs or sysfs. On my system the files are:

/proc/acpi/battery/BAT0/state
/sys/bus/acpi/drivers/battery/PNP0C0A:00/power_supply/BAT0/power_now

Note that the sysfs is heavily symlinked so there are many ways to reach the file. power_now is the file name you are looking for.

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sudo tlp-stat -b

It will show the current power consumption in milli Watt unit.

--- TLP 1.1 --------------------------------------------

+++ Battery Status
/sys/class/power_supply/BAT1/manufacturer                   = SANYO
/sys/class/power_supply/BAT1/model_name                     = L12S3F01
/sys/class/power_supply/BAT1/cycle_count                    =     16
/sys/class/power_supply/BAT1/energy_full_design             =  32560 [mWh]
/sys/class/power_supply/BAT1/energy_full                    =  16180 [mWh]
/sys/class/power_supply/BAT1/energy_now                     =  16090 [mWh]
/sys/class/power_supply/BAT1/power_now                      =      0 [mW]
/sys/class/power_supply/BAT1/status                         = Unknown

Charge                                                      =   99.4 [%]
Capacity                                                    =   49.7 [%]
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  • Welcome to the site, and thank you for your contribution. As a general rule, however, please avoid attaching screenshots of console output in questions and answers. They are often difficult to read, their content cannot be copied when trying to reproduce the behavior, and the post cannot be found by search engines. Therefore, if possible please edit your post and paste the console output with appropriate formatting, as you already did with the command-line.
    – AdminBee
    Apr 9, 2020 at 12:06
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    i just needed to install the utils sudo apt install tlp tlp-rdw Jul 19, 2020 at 11:12
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For non-battery driven machines try cat /sys/class/hwmon/hwmonN/device/powerM_average - it shows the average power consumption in mW within the last /sys/class/hwmon/hwmonN/device/powerM_average_interval ms (usually 1s; N, M are integers) for each identified device. On modern dual-socket servers often N = {0..2}, one monitor for each CPU package and one for all PSUs together (check powerM_oem_info). You probably need to load the acpi_power_meter kernel module to get the related information.

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Last but not least for BMC driven *x machines one may try ipmitool dcmi power reading. On Linux it requires RW privileges for /dev/ipmi0 and the ipmi_si kernel module loaded, similar on Solaris 11.x /dev/bmc and module bmc. Other alternative is to use the LANplus variant of ipmitool if the BMC is accessible from remote.

The Instantaneous power reading: is usually ok, all other emitted values should be taken with some grains of salt ;-).

Example:

# ipmitool dcmi power reading

    Instantaneous power reading:                   138 Watts
    Minimum during sampling period:                 75 Watts
    Maximum during sampling period:                420 Watts
    Average power reading over sample period:      157 Watts
    IPMI timestamp:                           Fri Jan  7 06:32:43 2022
    Sampling period:                          00000001 Seconds.
    Power reading state is:                   activated

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