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I have seen a line of shell script as follows:

local soft_upgrade=${3:-false}

What does this mean? I don't know what 3:-false means.

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No, it's nothing about array, it's a default value in parameter substitution.

If $3 is not set, set soft_upgrade to false, otherwise, set it to $3

  • This also applies when $3 is null, not just when it is unset. – Chris Down Feb 21 '13 at 10:07
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    Just "false", not "-false", :- is the specific parameter expansion operation. – mr.spuratic Feb 21 '13 at 10:15
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Take a look at this article, for me it was really useful:

Variable Mangling in Bash with String Operators

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