I'm using a raspberry pi3 and VSFTPD to share a directory via FTP, which allows a camera to connect to it and transfer photos.

I also created a simple user & password and chrooted the directory so there's no file browsing outside of the dedicated folder if using FileZilla or any other tool.

The problem is, if i log in via the terminal (monitor, keyboard etc, no ssh), using that user, i'm free to go wherever i want, is there a way to prevent this?
I already tried:

usermod --expiredate 1
passwd -l
usermod -s /sbin/nologin

But this makes the account unusable.
If i search for jail/chroot terminal user, there's only 'ssh' results.

Any help will be greatly appreciated.


By account unusable, i mean, it disables logging in via the terminal (which is what i want), but it also prevents connecting via FTP.


The point is to disable everything for 1 user except the FTP folder, i don't need, and don't want that user to do anything.
Only FTP, no other protocol, i need to target all/most wi-fi cameras, and FTP is the way to go.
SFTP and SSH are disabled.

  • 3
    Does this answer your question? How to create a FTP user with specific /dir/ access only on a Centos / linux installation
    – Panki
    Commented Mar 29, 2021 at 11:03
  • Please edit your question and add more details. What's the problem with changing the shell of the user to /sbin/nologon? What are the requirements for the user account? Do you need interactive login? You could also use scp instead of FTP and configure the ssh access as required.
    – Bodo
    Commented Mar 29, 2021 at 11:07
  • @Panki It's what I have done, my folder restriction works when connecting with FTP, but doesn't when logging in like a normal user.
    – J-D
    Commented Mar 29, 2021 at 11:27
  • @Bodo As i said, it makes the account unusable, it prevents me from logging in entirely (including FTP), as for scp, is it the same feature as camera's FTP? Will i be able to connect with my camera if i set-up everything? SSH won't be used as it's disabled.
    – J-D
    Commented Mar 29, 2021 at 11:31
  • checkout unix.stackexchange.com/questions/503312/… Commented Mar 29, 2021 at 12:05

1 Answer 1


If you want to disable SSH (including scp & sftp) logins for a particular user, you could simply add DenyUsers <name of the ftp-only user> to /etc/ssh/sshd_config and restart the sshd daemon.

It will leave the possibility of using the FTP-only account to log in locally, but if the system is in a secure location, that might actually be useful for troubleshooting FTP transfer failures.

The traditional way to create FTP-only user accounts would be to set the user's shell to /sbin/nologin, /bin/false, or any similar program that does not allow input and exits immediately, but also list that program in /etc/shells.

The classic check done by the FTP daemon after the password check is "does this user have a shell that is listed in /etc/shells?". On modern systems, this may be implemented via the PAM configuration instead of by the FTP daemon itself.

By configuring the user with a "do-nothing" shell that is valid (= is listed in /etc/shells), the account will be valid for FTP use, but any use that requires running a shell will fail because the "do-nothing" program is run instead of any real shell, and it will just exit without accepting any input from the user.

Note: if the system has any other network services that are using the system password database, and are not based on running a shell (e.g. an IMAP or POP3 mail server), then you may have to configure those services to also explicitly reject the "FTP-only" user.

  • Worked perfectly, thank you. I used usermod -s /sbin/nologin myuser And edited /etc/shells adding /sbin/nologin at bottom.
    – J-D
    Commented Mar 30, 2021 at 9:17

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