I want to separate a long path to multiple lines, like this:

cd foo1/foo2/foo3/foo4/bar


cd foo1\
  • 1
    Did you want the backslashes (\) to turn into forward slashes (/) automatically?
    – Jeff Schaller
    Mar 18 at 13:10
  • yes but Backlash and antislash give me errore : cd: too many arguments
    – nextloop
    Mar 18 at 13:12

You can separate a long command into multiple lines by using backslashes, but you would need to preserve the forward-slashes and omit the leading spaces:

cd foo1\

The backslashes are a line-continuation marker; when bash sees them, it incorporates the next line as if it was continued at the backslash of the current line. As a result, you couldn't use leading spaces on those subsequent lines, since they'd become spaces on the current line, creating a "too many arguments" error.

  • i like it , but can i have indent
    – nextloop
    Mar 18 at 13:20
  • 2
    @AyoubElMhamdi No you can't have an indent.
    – Kusalananda
    Mar 18 at 13:20
  • thank you so mush @JeffSchaller
    – nextloop
    Mar 18 at 13:23

You could do this with an array but the cd command looks a bit complicated:

cd "$(IFS=/; echo "${path[*]}")"

Array literals allow for arbitrary whitespace.

  • that is better for indente, can you explain IFS meen
    – nextloop
    Mar 19 at 0:05
  • The "$*" and "${array[*]}" forms, when in double quotes, join all the elements into a single string, joined by the first character of the IFS variable. IFS is, by default, "space tab newline", so I redefine it in the subshell to hold the directory separator. Mar 19 at 15:18
  • wow, i see some Magic here, it's perfect Mr @glenn-jackman
    – nextloop
    Mar 21 at 1:38
  • donc ,you are using IFS to trim whitespace ? and converte to "/"
    – nextloop
    Mar 21 at 1:41
  • The array contains 5 elements with no extra whitespace. You can inspect the array using declare -p path. "${path[*]}" joins the elements into a single string using /, the first character of IFS. Mar 21 at 12:03

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