Let's say I have a directory called permissions, that contains several files with different access rights.

What I want to do is if a file has access rights for others category, I want to accord the same access rights for the group category.

example1: if file_1 has r-x---r--, then I want that file to have the permissions r-xr--r--


file_2 has r-xr----x rights, I want it to become r-xr-x--x


file_3 and file_4 have rw---x--- and rwxr----- access respectively, these files should stay unchanged

I know with find I can search for such files with -perm 0740 then -exec chomd --- \; to change their value, but how to search only the files that have other permissions different than group permission, and when found, change their group access rights to match other rights

  • You can find files with other permissions by find . -perm /o=rwx. You need a script after -exec to perform the correct chmod. Feb 18, 2021 at 22:57

2 Answers 2


chmod can do this by itself:

chmod -R g+o dir

A combination of the letters ugoa controls which users' access to the file will be changed: [...] other users in the file's group (g), [...]

The operator + causes the selected file mode bits to be added to the existing file mode bits of each file [...]

The letters rwxXst select file mode bits for the affected users [...] Instead of one or more of these letters, you can specify exactly one of the letters ugo: [...] and the permissions granted to users that are in neither of the two preceding categories (o).


Using GNU find and a loop, you could search for each of the r w x permissions which is not set for the group, but set for others and set it for group:

for perm in r w x; do
  find . -type f \! -perm /g+"$perm" -perm /o+"$perm" -exec chmod g+"$perm" {} \;

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