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I am working on vxlan tunneling between Linux - commercial routers. I need to debug some interface settings.

The command sudo ip -d link show DEV gives me a great output but the output format is like a long single line as below.

katabey@leaf-1:mgmt:~$ sudo ip -d link show vxlan_10
11: vxlan_10: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 9216 qdisc noqueue master bridge state UNKNOWN mode DEFAULT group default qlen 1000
    link/ether 52:6d:3d:aa:b5:bf brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff promiscuity 1 minmtu 68 maxmtu 65535 
    vxlan id 10010 local 10.1.1.1 srcport 0 0 dstport 4789 nolearning ttl 64 ageing 300 udpcsum noudp6zerocsumtx noudp6zerocsumrx 
    bridge_slave state forwarding priority 8 cost 100 hairpin off guard off root_block off fastleave off learning off flood on port_id 0x8002 port_no 0x2 designated_port 32770 designated_cost 0 designated_bridge 8000.50:0:0:3:0:3 designated_root 8000.50:0:0:3:0:3 hold_timer    0.00 message_age_timer    0.00 forward_delay_timer    0.00 topology_change_ack 0 config_pending 0 proxy_arp off proxy_arp_wifi off mcast_router 1 mcast_fast_leave off mcast_flood on neigh_suppress on group_fwd_mask 0x0 group_fwd_mask_str 0x0 group_fwd_maskhi 0x0 group_fwd_maskhi_str 0x0 vlan_tunnel off isolated off addrgenmode eui64 numtxqueues 1 numrxqueues 1 gso_max_size 65536 gso_max_segs 65535

It would be great to have the output like

vxlan id 10010
local 10.1.1.1
srcport 0
dstport 4789

I remember a couple of years back Linux system engineers I used to work with doing command | python ... but I was not able to find/recall the command. (I have Python installed).

Any other solutions (especially single liners) are welcome.

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  • is that correct, you want srcport 0 and not srcport 0 0?, also these information always appears at 3rd line of the command's output? and format always same (specially for the 3rd line in output) ? – αғsнιη Feb 16 at 16:07
  • source port 0 0 would be fine, something general that will tidy the output would do the trick. yeah mostly the same one key one value – kaya atabey Feb 16 at 16:09
  • Not clear how the two rows before vxlan were discarded, or where the fold should occur: most elements have one word and a value, but there are anomalies like srcport 0 0 and nolearning ttl 64. Values are variously numeric, hex constants, words on off yes no UNKNOWN DEFAULT etc. so detailed rules are needed. – Paul_Pedant Feb 16 at 16:21
  • I assumed you wanted to list all the output realigned: just the four example values you show is rather simpler (and much less interesting). – Paul_Pedant Feb 16 at 16:24
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try:

your-command |grep -Eo '(vxlan id|srcport|dstport) [0-9]+|local [0-9.]+'
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  • yes this one returned the values i listed and i got the idea thanks alot. – kaya atabey Feb 16 at 16:23
  • If you generalize the values as [^[:blank:]]+ then "local" does not have to be a special case. – glenn jackman Feb 16 at 22:52
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This sounds like a job for the fmt command that's part of coreutils.

In particular, you'll want to use

-s, --split-only

split long lines, but do not refill

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If your implementation of ip supports the --json output format switch, then I'd suggest something like

sudo ip -d link show vxlan_10 | jq -r '.[] | to_entries[] | "\(.key) \(.value)"'

Ex. (I don't have a vlan interface, so this shows a regular wireless interface):

$ ip --json link show wls1 | jq -r '.[] | to_entries[] | "\(.key) \(.value)"'
ifindex 3
ifname wls1
flags ["BROADCAST","MULTICAST","UP","LOWER_UP"]
mtu 1500
qdisc mq
operstate UP
linkmode DORMANT
group default
txqlen 1000
link_type ether
address 00:21:6a:96:40:12
broadcast ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
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  • you are right i also did "ip --json link show wls1 | python -m json.tool" this also works if i want them all sorted clean. Thankyou. – kaya atabey Feb 16 at 20:00

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