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I mounted an NFS to my new server (ZFS to NFS).

But I'm getting permission denied when I try to go directory.

All platforms are Oracle Linux 7.8

/etc/fstab:

IP_OF_ZFS:/ZFS_PATH/ZFS_PATH     /OS_LEVEL_PATH/OS_LEVEL_PATH/OS_LEVEL_PATH    nfs rw,bg,hard,nointr,rsize=1048576,wsize=1048576,tcp,actimeo=0,vers=3     0       0

/etc/mtab:

IP_OF_ZFS:/ZFS_PATH/ZFS_PATH     /OS_LEVEL_PATH/OS_LEVEL_PATH/OS_LEVEL_PATH nfs rw,relatime,vers=3,rsize=1048576,wsize=1048576,namlen=255,acregmin=0,acregmax=0,acdirmin=0,acdirmax=0,hard,proto=tcp,timeo=600,retrans=2,sec=sys,mountaddr=IP_OF_ZFS,mountvers=3,mountport=20048,mountproto=tcp,local_lock=none,addr=IP_OF_ZFS 0 0

/etc/exports:

/OS_LEVEL_PATH/OS_LEVEL_PATH/OS_LEVEL_PATH IP_OF_ZFS (rw,sync,no_root_squash)

Mount command:

mount -t nfs IP_OF_ZFS:/ZFS_PATH/ZFS_PATH     /OS_LEVEL_PATH/OS_LEVEL_PATH/OS_LEVEL_PATH -o rw,bg,hard,nointr,rsize=1048576,wsize=1048576,tcp,actimeo=0,vers=3

Mounted successfully:

[root@hostname ~]# df -hP
Filesystem                                 Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
IP_OF_ZFS:/ZFS_PATH/ZFS_PATH                50T  2.6T   48T   6% /OS_LEVEL_PATH/OS_LEVEL_PATH/OS_LEVEL_PATH

But it gives permission denied error.

OS level error:

[root@hostname ~]# cd /OS_LEVEL_PATH_1/
[root@hostname OS_LEVEL_PATH_1]# ls -ltrh
total 0
drwxr-xr-x 3 oracle oinstall 22 Dec 28 18:00 OS_LEVEL_PATH_2
[root@hostname OS_LEVEL_PATH_1]# cd OS_LEVEL_PATH_2
[root@hostname OS_LEVEL_PATH_2]# ls -ltrh
total 8.5K
drwx------+ 4 1001 grid 24 Jan 20 12:23 OS_LEVEL_PATH_3
[root@hostname OS_LEVEL_PATH_2]# cd OS_LEVEL_PATH_3
-bash: cd: OS_LEVEL_PATH_3: Permission denied

When I try to go OS_LEVEL_PATH_3 with oracle, grid or root. It gives permission denied.

How can I solve this error?

Regards,

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  • Have you exported/shared the ZFS filesystem on the server? Which export options did you use? Often the "root_squash" option is the default: it means the root account of the NFS client system will be treated as user "nobody" by the NFS server.
    – telcoM
    Jan 22, 2021 at 18:27
  • Hi @telcoM, our /etc/exports file like this: /path/path/path IP (rw,sync,no_root_squash)
    – jrdba123
    Jan 23, 2021 at 9:06

1 Answer 1

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You're using NFS version 3, so the users are identified by UID/GID numbers. Even with the no_root_squash export option, the root user of the NFS client host won't necessarily have any special significance for the NFS server host: on this NFS share, the root of the NFS client may only be able to access directories and files strictly according to the permissions, so root must have access granted to it just like any other user.

The OS_LEVEL_PATH_3 directory is owned by UID 1001 on the server. That UID has no corresponding user on the client, and there is an ACL on that directory, as identified by the + sign at the end of the permissions string. Run getfacl /OS_LEVEL_PATH_1/OS_LEVEL_PATH_2/OS_LEVEL_PATH_3 to view the full ACL.

Unless the ACL grants access to other users, only an user with UID 1001 will be allowed to access the OS_LEVEL_PATH_3 directory. You should run id 1001 on the NFS server to see which user has UID 1001 there, and either create user #1001 on the client with the same username it has on the server, or modify the ACL of the OS_LEVEL_PATH_3 directory on the NFS server (using the setfacl command if it's Linux, possibly something else if it's a non-Linux system) to grant access to the users/groups that actually exist and have matching UID/GIDs on the client and need the access.

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  • Hi sir, I detailed my question. Can you please review again?
    – jrdba123
    Jan 23, 2021 at 10:29

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