SSHFS is wonderful. It can mount remote directories in a local directory with FUSE. The commands below use
# to indicate that a command was executed as
$ indicates execution as a regular user. Because FUSE software is required, first make sure that it is available and running.
One of the
grep commands, below, can reveal if the software is loaded and ready for use. A result from either command indicates that
fuse is available.
# lsmod | grep fuse
$ grep -i fuse /lib/modules/$(uname -r)/modules.builtin
If there is no result from either command, try to load the kernel module without a reboot using
modprobe and check again.
# modprobe fuse
# lsmod fuse
If loading the module fails, install the software with
# apt-get install fuse
Check again after installation.
# modprobe fuse
# lsmod fuse
FUSE must be installed and running before continuing.
Check the permissions of
/dev/fuse. The permissions should provide your regular user account with read and write access. Skip this part if you have determined that your regular user account already has read and write permission on
# ls -l /dev/fuse
The output might be something like one of the following.
crw-rw-rw- 1 root root (all users can read/write)
crw------- 1 root fuse (only root can read/write)
crw-rw---- 1 root fuse (root and members of fuse group can read/write)
In 2013, my Debian created
0600 permissions, owner
root, group owner
fuse. I needed to let the fuse group use the device and to add my regular user account to the group, as shown below.
# usermod -aG fuse $your_regular_user_account
# chmod 0660 /dev/fuse
If the new group membership was required, log out and in again to become a member of the group.
ssh on both sides as follows.
# apt-get install ssh
This answer was written for Debian, but on Ubuntu 18.x at least,
fuse, and a few other packages are a part of the Ubuntu
sshfs package. The
sshfs software is required on the client side, but it can be installed on both sides if desired. One of the package dependencies is
fuse, but the installer skips over software that has already been installed.
# Ubuntu 18.x:
# apt-get install sshfs
ssh available, and with permission to use the device,
/dev/fuse, create a mount point for the remote file system; and, mount that remote filesystem locally as follows.
# mkdir /mnt/$directory_name
# chown $your_user:$group /mnt/$directory_name/
$ sshfs $remote_username@$remote_server_name: /mnt/$directory_name/
To mount a directory other than home, specify it after the colon.
$ sshfs $remote_username@$remote_server_name:/remote/directory /mnt/$directory_name
To unmount, use
fusermount -u /mnt/$directory_name
If you have a Windows machine, it too can use SSHFS with win-sshfs. This software will "map a drive" with SSHFS, so that you can have a Windows drive letter that contains the remote directory.