I had issued the ps -ef|grep java command and this is one of the entries that I got :

subhrcho   875   803  0 Jan23 pts/5    00:02:27 [java] <defunct>

What is <defunct> implying here ? What state is that process is that process with PID=875 in ?


From the ps manpage:

Processes marked <defunct> are dead processes (so-called "zombies") that remain because their parent has not destroyed them properly. These processes will be destroyed by init(8) if the parent process exits.

  • what is the contract between a parent process and child process for destruction of the child process ? I thought it is the duty of the child process to notify the parent that it is being destroyed ? – Geek Jan 24 '13 at 18:02
  • @Geek The kernel destroys the child process and notifies the parent. The child only calls _exit or dies of a signal. When the kernel destroys a process, all that remains is an entry in the process table, which goes away when the parent (or process 1, for orphans) calls wait. – Gilles 'SO- stop being evil' Jan 24 '13 at 21:44
  • 2
    @Giles What does it mean when the man page says parent has not destroyed properly the child process ? parent did not call wait ? – Geek Jan 25 '13 at 4:31

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