I'm trying to locate where some files are stored and I can easily browse to them via ssh by going to "cd ~/foldername", however, I have no idea what directory "~/" actually is.

When I browse around folders via WinSCP (yes, I'm a Windows admin), I can't seem to locate this folder at all.

Note: I'm using Amazon Linux on EC2.


The tilde character is shorthand for the home directory of the current logged-in user. If you are logged in as jason, then ~ is likely /home/jason/. It is the home directory of any username, as given in /etc/passwd. It is also the same as the $HOME environment variable. The expansion from ~ to the home directory is done by the shell.

  • That is what I thought, but I can't seem to locate the folder under my home directory. The full directory I'm looking for it "~/.ec2"...does adding that period make the folder invisible or something? I'm able to browse to it via ssh without issue, but it doesn't show up under WinSCP. – Jason Davis Jan 18 '13 at 18:14
  • I figured out my issue...I had sudo'ed to the root user to make the file I was looking for, so the folder I was looking for was actually under /root rather than /home/user. This information was helpful in any case though, thanks! – Jason Davis Jan 18 '13 at 18:16
  • Will award the answer once I'm able to in 8 minutes. Thanks for the quick response everybody. – Jason Davis Jan 18 '13 at 18:18
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    It is expanded by the shell, try echo ~. There's not even a folder with that name, because any command getting it as an argument will actually be passed the value of $HOME, not ~. – njsg Jan 18 '13 at 18:25
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    ~ actually expands to the current value of $HOME, not necessarily to the current user's home directory. Normally they'll be the same, but it is possible to modify the value of $HOME. (This is rarely a good idea.) On the other hand, ~foo does expand to the home directory of user foo as defined in /etc/passwd or in your system's equivalent. – Keith Thompson Jan 18 '13 at 19:03

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