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I'm trying to run an install script that requires java to be installed and the JAVA_HOME environment variable to be set.

I've set JAVA_HOME in /etc/profile and also in a file I've called java.sh in /etc/profile.d. I can echo $JAVA_HOME and get the correct response and I can even sudo echo $JAVA_HOME and get the correct response.

In the install.sh I'm trying to run, I inserted an echo $JAVA_HOME. When I run this script without sudo I see the java directory; when I run the script with sudo it is blank.

Any ideas why this is happening?

I'm running CentOS.

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  • I have also experienced this issue running Ubuntu 14.04, both proposed answers worked for me
    – laconbass
    May 21, 2015 at 13:59

2 Answers 2

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For security reasons, sudo may clear environment variables which is why it is probably not picking up $JAVA_HOME. Look in your /etc/sudoers file for env_reset.

From man sudoers:

env_reset   If set, sudo will reset the environment to only contain the following variables: HOME, LOGNAME, PATH, SHELL, TERM, and USER (in addi-
           tion to the SUDO_* variables).  Of these, only TERM is copied unaltered from the old environment.  The other variables are set to
           default values (possibly modified by the value of the set_logname option).  If sudo was compiled with the SECURE_PATH option, its value
           will be used for the PATH environment variable.  Other variables may be preserved with the env_keep option.

env_keep    Environment variables to be preserved in the user's environment when the env_reset option is in effect.  This allows fine-grained con-
           trol over the environment sudo-spawned processes will receive.  The argument may be a double-quoted, space-separated list or a single
           value without double-quotes.  The list can be replaced, added to, deleted from, or disabled by using the =, +=, -=, and ! operators
           respectively.  This list has no default members.

So, if you want it to keep JAVA_HOME, add it to env_keep:

Defaults   env_keep += "JAVA_HOME"

Alternatively, set JAVA_HOME in root's ~/.bash_profile.

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  • 2
    Yea, that was it. Had no idea one could do that. Thanks!
    – Josh
    Jan 19, 2011 at 16:23
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Run sudo with the -E (preserve environment) option (see the man file), or put JAVA_HOME in the install.sh script.

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  • 1
    The -E option is not available in CentOS.
    – Zubin
    May 5, 2011 at 20:40
  • Thanks for -E, great tip.
    – Asinus Rex
    Oct 17, 2022 at 13:25

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