I read the bandwidth usage by ifstat, which prints the download and upload into STDOUT every second.

ifstat -i wlp7s0
 KB/s in  KB/s out
 1390.13     81.20
 1039.14     74.05
 1810.63    102.08
  865.60    183.15
 1272.91    274.19
 1174.00    400.04

How can I run ifstat in a bash script and read the values into variables for an if statement to run a command if the values are smaller than an amount?

For example,

if [ $in -lt 100 ] && [ $out -lt 100 ]
   echo Network is slow.
   echo Network is fast.

How can I read the output of ifstat into $in and $out variables to check the if statement every second?


Since the network speeds are not integers, we need to supplement with other tools such as awk to process the numbers. Try:

ifstat -ni wlp7s0 | awk 'NR>2{if ($1+0<100 && $2+0<100) print "Network is slow."; else print "Network is fast."}'

Or, for those who like their commands spread over multiple lines:

ifstat -ni wlp7s0 | awk '
        if ($1+0<100 && $2+0<100)
            print "Network is slow."
            print "Network is fast."

How it works

The -n option is added to ifstat to suppress the periodic repeat of the header lines.

NR>2{...} tells awk to process the commands in curly braces only if the line number, NR, is greater than two. This has the effect of skipping over the header lines.

if ($1+0<100 && $2+0<100) tests whether both the first field, $, and the second field, $2, are less than 100. If they are, then print "Network is slow." is executed. If not, then print "Network is fast." is executed.


John1024 is right about floating point numbers, but we can just truncate the numbers. With plain bash:

LC_NUMERIC=C  ifstat -i $interface  \
| while read -r in out; do
  ((++n < 2)) && continue # skip the header
  if (( ${in%.*} < 100 && ${out%.*} < 100 )); then
    echo Network is slow.
    echo Network is fast.
  • This works too. – John1024 Jul 21 '20 at 20:51
  • 3
    This only works in locales that use a period as the decimal separator (which seems to be OP's case). Setting LC_NUMERIC=C would take care of other locales. – TooTea Jul 22 '20 at 9:07

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