How can I enter the contents of a script that when run would display the words "I should have studied" to stdout?

This is my best try:

$ echo "I should have studied" | grep studied

I know that the first statement is necessary for the shell to execute my command. In the second one, I am using echo to print it and then the pipe operator for that command to be redirected to become the input of my other command. I am also using 'grep' to find any lines in that list which contain the string directory and to send those lines to standard output. Am I making some progress?

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    We don't like it here when people ask questions from their CS exams. We also don't like when people refuse to google. tldp.org/HOWTO/Bash-Prog-Intro-HOWTO-2.html – Artem S. Tashkinov Jul 21 '20 at 18:54
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    perhaps you should think about the meaning of the text that you are trying to display – jsotola Jul 21 '20 at 18:54
  • $ echo "I should have studied" | grep study – PoweredbyGsus Jul 21 '20 at 19:02
  • Sorry I am just a newbie that is trying to get it right, not to cheat on a test. That will never get you anywhere. I am sure you started somewhere too, and I thought that this was a great resource to do that. – PoweredbyGsus Jul 21 '20 at 19:03
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    Thanks #roaima, I am taking baby steps here. – PoweredbyGsus Jul 21 '20 at 19:36

If you're typing directly at a shell you can

echo "I should have studied"

To create a script, all you do is put the commands you want to be run into a (text) file and use that file:

Using you preferred UNIX/Linux editor, create the file study. You can use any name you like (including one with a .sh suffix if you prefer). Add these two lines to it

echo "I should have studied"

The first line declares that it's a bash shell script. You don't need to filter the output with grep as the echo command does enough all by itself. (Also notice you don't type the leading $; some people use this on StackExchange and other sites to show they're typing a command but personally I think it's confusing.) Now make the file executable so it can run like any other program on the system

chmod +x study

And run it


The leading ./ tells the shell to look for the command in the current directory. If the script was in a system directory or otherwise in your search path ($PATH) you would be able just to type its name, study to run it - just like any other command.

For syntax checking, don't be afraid to use https://shellcheck.net/ as and when your scripts start to develop.

  • That helps a lot! I will start working on it right away. I so appreciate you providing such an educational experience in kindness. Thanks for helping to change my opinion on this website. After my initial responses, I was discouraged and made me feel like no using this resource ever again. – PoweredbyGsus Jul 21 '20 at 20:13

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