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I have a machine (Debian/Ubuntu/CentOS mostly) that works like a kiosk, and there a few devices connected to it, using serial and USB ports. The software of these devices should know the port numbers, meaning device A is connected to /dev/ttyUSB0, device B to /dev/ttyUSB1, device C to /dev/ttyS0 and so on. Can I be certain that after a restart or kernel update, etc., these port numbers won't change, or should I have some other method to determine what's where?

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  • You should use the /dev/serial/by-id/* or /dev/serial/by-path/* links instead of /dev/ttyUSB*. Or create your own link based on the device's attributes via an udev rule. See eg. this but there are lot of other answers and tutorials. – mosvy Feb 24 '20 at 11:17
  • @mosvy Can I expect that /dev/serial/by-id/* would be accessible by all/most Linux distributions? – DisplayMyName Feb 25 '20 at 14:17
  • Almost. Some Linux systems like OpenWRT or Android don't have it. But all the "generic" distros (including Raspbian, etc) do. – mosvy Feb 25 '20 at 17:16
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You need to write a udev rule to assign consistent names based on which usb port the usb serial port adapter is plugged in to or the adapter's aerial number.

I'm on my phone at the moment but I'll update the answer when I get back to my laptop and can add an example.

https://askubuntu.com/q/49910/121219

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